Author Topic: Civil Factbook of the Empire of Daitō  (Read 4706 times)

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Civil Factbook of the Empire of Daitō
« on: April 05, 2020, 03:29:42 PM »

Imperial Emblem

National Flag


The Empire of Daitō (大東 帝国, Daitō Teikoku), often shortened to Daitō, is a Federal Semi-Constitutional Monarchy located in Northeast Ardia. Its history goes back to the first century BC with the founding of the State of Kitami, although the Imperial Government views the year 660 BC as its founding with the accession of the Legendary Shin'ō Emperor. As for the Empire itself, it was officially founded in 690 AD, giving the nation a continuous government going back for over a thousand years. A highly developed country, it has, in recent years, prioritized the improvement of the everyday lives of its citizenry, only now awakening from its decades-long slumber.


NOTE: This section is a brief summary of the nation's history



Spoiler: show

Shinkyō — Shinkyō Special Administrative City

Population: 9,876,304

Awara — Awara Special Administrative City

Population: 3,786,982

Urasoe — Chibu Prefecture

Population: 2,782,100

Otsu — Hidaka Prefecture

Population: 2,422,859

Yuzawa — Yuzawa Prefecture

Population: 2,201,872

Goris — Tsukishima Prefecture

Population: 1,977,403

Shibetsu — Ishikari Prefecture

Population: 1,874,906

Tenkyō — Tenkyō Special Administrative City

Population: 1,504,986

Saito — Muroran Prefecture

Population: 1,496,183



National Anthem:
Aikoku Kōshinkyoku
(Patriotic March)

Imperial Anthem:
Umi Yukaba

 • Earliest Human Settlement:
approx. 82,000 BC
 • Migration of Early Daitōjin:
approx. 2,100 BC
 • Legendary Founding: 660 BC
 • Founding of Kitami: 284 BC
 • Founding of the Empire: 690 AD
 • Unification of the Empire: 1042 AD
 • Capital Moved to Shinkyō: 1477 AD
 • First Constitution Signed: 1899 AD

Capital: Shinkyō
Largest city: Shinkyō

Demonym: Daitōjin

Government: Federal Semi-Constitutional

Legislature: Imperial Diet

Population: 229,367,000

HDI: 0.919 (Very High)

Currency: Imperial Mon (₯)
ER: ₯80 IM = $1 USD

Time zone: UTC -01:00 - UTC +04:00

Drives on the: Left

Calling code: +81

Internet TLD: .dt

Space Program: Daitōjin National Space Agency (DNSA)
« Last Edit: July 27, 2022, 11:09:20 AM by Daitō »

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Re: The Empire of Arashkai
« Reply #1 on: April 05, 2020, 04:06:16 PM »


The economy of Daitō is a highly developed free-market economy. It is the fifth largest economy nominal GDP and is one of the world's largest developed economies. As of 2020, the country's per capita GDP (PPP) of around $34,585 and a nominal GDP per capita of $32,928. The nation maintains a low poverty rate, with, as of 2013, only 0.7% of the population living on less than $1.90/day, 0.9% on less than $3.20/day, and 1.2% on less than $5.50/day. The nation's unemployment rate is currently at around 1.73% and has a HDI of 0.919, which is classified as "Very High".

The nation has a tax rate of 11%, although it varies by the taxpayer's income, but this is made up for with a corporate tax rate of 33.83%. The funds are used to provide free and universal healthcare, education, and other public services. The national currency is the Imperial Mon (₯), which is made up of 100 Sen and has an exchange rate into Universal Standard Dollars of ₯80=$1. The nation's main industries are as follows:
Motor vehicles • electronic equipment • machine tools • aerospace • steel • ships • natural gas • chemicals • textiles • processed foods


The population of Daitō is currently growing at a rate of 0.92% and is currently at around 229,367,000 people. The nation's population has doubled since 1961, although birth rates have slowed since then. The vast majority of the population is found in Ardia, with 15% residing in Tsukishima and 4.3% in Styria. Regarding ethnicity, approximately 93.6% of the population belongs to the Onishi ethnic group, which includes individuals from the nation itself, Rokkenjima, Juhi, and Toshikawa, although 97% of them are from Daitō itself. 3.8% of the population is Teutonic, primarily hailing from Styria, although some foreign nationals from New Derusmia have gained citizenship as well. Otherwise, 1.7% of the population belongs to various other native ethnicities and 0.9% belong to other foreign ethnic groups, with the largest of those being the Ardians and Tytorians.

In terms of religion, the native Teidō faith is overwhelmingly dominant, with its practitioners making up 87% of the population. 5% of the population does not profess any faith whatsoever or is undecided. 7.5% of the population belongs to a christian denomination, with the largest being various forms of protestantism at around 4.5%. 2% belong to the Catholic church, while 1% belong to various other churches, with a significant part of said percent belonging to the indigenous nestorian church.

Currency: Imperial Mon
ER: ₯80 IM = $1 USD

(Nominal) GDP:
$7.55 Trillion (₯604.2 Trillion)

(Nominal) GDP per capital:
$32,928 (₯2,634,240)

Labor force: 137.4 million

Unemployment: 1.73%

2020 Census Data
Onishi: 93.6%
Teutonic: 3.8%
Other native: 1.7%
Other foreign: 0.9%

Teidō: 87%
Christianity (Protestant): 4.5%
Christianity (Catholic): 2%
Christianity (Other): 1%
Irreligious: 5%
Other: 0.5%

Life Expectancy
Male: 84.3
Female: 86.9
« Last Edit: July 25, 2022, 06:35:25 AM by Daitō »

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Re: The Empire of Daitō
« Reply #2 on: March 28, 2021, 08:04:42 PM »
Laws and Stances of Daitō

Abortion —Abortion is legal under the 1996 Women’s Health Act
Adultery —While legal, Adultery is deemed grounds for divorce.
Affirmative action —No laws regarding affirmative action exist, however Daitō, owing to a 1998 ruling of the Supreme Court, held that schools could not consider race a plus-factor when evaluating applicants holistically.
Age of consent —The nationwide age of consent is set at eighteen.
Age of majority —The age of majority is set at eighteen.
Artificial insemination —Artificial insemination is legal in the Empire of Daitō.
Assisted suicide —Assisted suicide is illegal in Daitō, with a sentences ranging from a minimum of ten years to a maximum of being given the death penalty if the individual is found to have assisted in more than one death. Any physician who is caught offering such services has their license to practice revoked without room for appeal.
Bestiality —Bestiality is illegal in Daitō, coming with a minimum fine of ₯8000.
Birth control —Birth control is legal in Daitō.
Concealed carry —Concealed carry is illegal in Daitō owing to its stringent gun control legislation.
Death penalty —The death penalty exists in Daitō, with the primary means of execution being hanging, shooting, or, in some rare cases, forced suicide via hara-kiri. The death penalty is applied for murder, treason, and crimes against the state. Judges typically impose the death penalty in cases of multiple homicides; the death sentence for a single murder is not particularly common.
Divorce —Divorce is permitted in Daitō, with four types of divorce being extant within the nation's jurisdiction. They are as follows:
   Divorce by Mutual Consent
   Divorce by Family Court Mediation
   Divorce by Family Court Judgement
   Divorce by District Court Judgement
Double jeopardy —Under the constitution of Daitō,
   ”No person shall be held criminally liable for an act which was lawful at the time it was committed, or of which he has been acquitted, nor shall he be placed in double jeopardy.”
However, multiple cases have adjusted the government’s stance on this, with the Supreme Court ruling in a 2016 case on larceny that in the event that there are two trials for separate cases of simple larceny, it will not be considered double jeopardy, even if the prosecutor could have charged both of them as a single crime of habitual larceny.
Drinking age —The minimum drinking age is set at the age of 18.
Driving age —The minimum legal driving age is divided into two categories, those being as follows:
   Motorcycles under 400 cc — 16
   Ordinary/Semi-medium vehicles and motorcycles over 401 cc — 18
Education —Daitō mandates compulsory education in its territories from the age of six until the age of eighteen. Education from home, commonly referred to as homeschooling, is illegal with no known exceptions.
Eminent domain —Eminent domain is constitutionally permitted as deemed necessary for the public interest and if compensation is provided.
Felony disenfranchisement —”Deprivation of Political Rights” is an accessory punishment defined in the Criminal Code of the Empire of Daitō which can be enforced solely or with a principal penalty (e.g. capital punishment or life sentence) to limit the convicted person’s right to be involved in political activities. For those sentenced to a principal penalty with deprivation of political rights, the deprivation is effective during the time they are incarcerated and the duration as sentenced from the day of their release or parole. It is only automatically imposed on those sentenced to life imprisonment or death. If the principal penalty is commuted, usually so will the deprivation of political rights. Political rights are not automatically deprived for prisoners, and those inmates who are not subject to this deprivation can and do still vote and can in theory be elected, although this has never occurred. With Daitō being a de-facto one party state, this penalty is not a significant one.

As defined in the criminal code, the nominal political rights include:
   • the right to vote and stand for election;
   • the rights of freedom of speech, of the press, of assembly, of association, of procession and of demonstration;
   • the right to hold position in a state organization; and
   • the right to hold a leading position in any state-owned company, enterprise, institution, or organization.
Flag desecration —Under the Daitōjin criminal code, it is a criminal offense to insult either the national flag or national emblem of the country. This offense notably does not apply to foreign governments, although it does exist as a misdemeanor labeled as “obstructing state diplomacy”, which carries an ₯16000 fine. As for the flag and emblem of the Empire of Daitō, the offense is “disturbing the order”. Besides, insulting or damaging the portrait of the reigning Emperor would also be punishable as “disturbing the order”. The penalty  can be either incarceration for one year or less, or a fine of ₯24,000.
Gambling age —The minimum gambling age in Daitō is set at twenty years old. However, gambling is generally illegal in Daitō, with this minimum age being for betting on horse racing and certain motorsports. Public sports, lotteries, and football pools are held under special laws in order to increase the income of national and local governments as well as to offer a form of entertainment.
Firearm Possession —The 1876 Haitōrei edict prohibited people, with the exception of the pre-kazoku nobility, the military, and law enforcement from carrying weapons in public. Under modern weapons law, this has continued, with its opening passage stating “No one shall possess a firearm or firearms”, and very few exceptions are allowed. While sword-ownership is legal, in practice nobody carries them except in very limited circumstances owing to their price, and the sale of them is heavily restricted. Nonetheless, on the note of firearms, citizens are permitted to possess firearms for hunting and sport shooting, but only after submitting to a lengthy licensing procedure. As parrt of the procedure, a shooting-range test must be passed with a “mark of at least 95%”. A mental-health evaluation taking place at a hospital, and a thorough background check where one’s family and friends are interviewed, are also part of the procedure.

A gun license expires after three years, after which license tests must be repeated. After ten years of shotgun ownership, a license-holder may obtain a rifle. As of 2022, gun ownership is very rare: 0.6 guns per 100 people as of 2007. When mass killings occur, they are often perpetrated by assailants wielding knives or by other means. In 2014, there were just six firearm-related fatalities, none of which were determined to have been intentional, rather being by accident or not involving a second individual.

Each prefecture can operate a total of three gun shops. New cartridges can only be purchased after turning in expended cartridges; in turn, new magazines can only be purchased by trading in old ones. If a gun owner dies, their relatives are required by law to surrender their firearms. Off-duty police officers are not allowed to carry firearms, rarely do while on-duty apart from special squads, and arrests are generally made without firearms; instead, police are expected to be proficient in judo.
Homosexuality in the military —Daitō does not have any rules applying to homosexuals serving in the Imperial Daitōjin Armed Forces. When asked in 2001 about their policy toward gays and lesbians, it answered that it was deemed a non-issue, and individuals within the forces indicated that so long as same-sex relations did not lead to fights or other trouble, there were few, if any, barriers to inclusion within the armed services.
Human cloning —Legislation exists which aims to promote stem cell research, using cells that are “ethically obtained”, that could contribute to a better understanding of diseases and therapies, as well as promote “derivation of pluripotent stem cell lines without the creation of human embryos”. Reproductive human cloning, however, remains illegal within Daitō.
In vitro fertilization —In vitro fertilization is legal in Daitō.
Marriageable age —The minimum age when someone can marry is set at the age of majority, that being eighteen years old.
Military conscription —While military conscription does exist in Daitō de-jure, it has not been in practice since the 1990s.
Polygamy —Polygamy is illegal in Daitō, having been banned in 1937, although existing polygamous relationships were not dissolved.
Prostitution —Prostitution is illegal in Daitō, although loopholes, liberal interpretations, and a loose enforcement of the law have allowed the Daitōjin sex industry to prosper and earn an estimated ₯1.92 trillion per year.
Racial discrimination —Daitō does not have any laws prohibiting or promoting racial discrimination as a practice.
Same-sex marriage —While homosexuality was decriminalized in 1937, same-sex marriage remains illegal in Daitō.
Smoking age —The minimum smoking age is set at 18 years old.
State ideology —Although Daitō has not officially had a state ideology since 1996, the ruling party still clings to many of its old tenants of anti-communism, Daitōjin Nationalism, and militarism.
State religion —Daitō does not officially have a state religion by law, however, in practice, the Teidō faith is treated by many lawmakers in such a manner as less a religion and more of an ideology.
Torture —Torture is prohibited in Daitō, however, there are rumors of such actions taken by the country’s intelligence services.
Trial by jury —All citizens are granted the right to a trial by jury of their peers, however, such a practice can be waived under certain circumstances such as martial law.
Universal healthcare —All citizens of Daitō are required by law to have health insurance coverage. People without insurance from employers can participate in a national health insurance programme, administered by local governments. Patients are free to select physicians or facilities of their choice and cannot be denied coverage. Hospitals, by law, must be run as non-profit and managed by physicians.
Voting age —The minimum voting age in Daitō is set eighteen years of age.
Women's rights —All citizens in Daitō are guaranteed the same rights under law without regard to gender.
Working age —The minimum working age in Daitō is divided by gender and has restrictions dependent on the age of the individual. These are as follows:
      15: Restricted occupations and hours of activity.
      18: Unrestricted.
      15: With broad restrictions for working hours and the type of work.
      18: May only participate in underground work if engaged in work specified by ordinance performed underground.
      20: Unrestricted.
Lθse-majestιLaw No.45 of the 1907 Penal Code:
Chapter 1 “Crimes against the Imperial Family”
   • Article 73.
      1. Any person who causes or attempts to cause harm to the Emperor, Empress, Crown Prince, or Grandson of the Emperor shall be punished by death.
   • Article 74.
      1. Any person who commits an act of disrespect against the Emperor, Empress, Crown Prince, or Grandson of the Emperor shall be punished with imprisonment for not less than three months and not more than five years, and a fine of not less than 6,400 mon and not more than 64,000 mon shall be imposed.
      2. The same shall apply to any person who commits an act of disrespect against the Imperial Shrine or the Imperial Mausoleum.
   • Article 75.
      1. Any person who causes harm to the Imperial Family shall be punished by death, and any person who attempts to do that shall be punished by life imprisonment.
   • Article 76.
      1. Any person who commits an act of disrespect against the Imperial Family shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than two months and not more than four years, and a fine of not less than 3,200 mon and not more than 32,000 mon shall be imposed.
« Last Edit: August 11, 2022, 11:03:33 AM by Daitō »

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Re: The Empire of Arashkai
« Reply #3 on: March 28, 2021, 08:32:22 PM »
Flags and Standards of Daitō, Part One — National Flags

National Flag of the Empire of Daitō
« Last Edit: January 12, 2022, 01:39:36 PM by Daitō »

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Re: The Empire of Arashkai
« Reply #4 on: March 28, 2021, 08:37:48 PM »
Flags and Standards of Daitō, Part Two — Imperial Standards

Emperor's Standard

Empress' Standard

Crown Prince's Standard

Crown Princess' Standard

Standard of other Clan Members
« Last Edit: August 13, 2021, 05:41:29 AM by Arashkai »

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Re: The Empire of Arashkai
« Reply #5 on: March 28, 2021, 08:49:05 PM »
Flags and Standards of Daitō, Part Three — Regional Flags (Mainland Daitō)

« Last Edit: August 13, 2021, 05:41:52 AM by Arashkai »

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Re: The Empire of Arashkai
« Reply #6 on: March 28, 2021, 08:50:52 PM »
Flags and Standards of Daitō, Part Four — Historical Flags

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« Last Edit: August 13, 2021, 05:42:12 AM by Arashkai »

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Re: The Empire of Arashkai
« Reply #7 on: March 29, 2021, 12:57:55 PM »
Flags and Standards of Daitō, Part Five — Special Flags

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« Last Edit: August 13, 2021, 05:42:23 AM by Arashkai »

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Re: The Empire of Arashkai
« Reply #8 on: May 11, 2021, 06:48:14 AM »
Monarchs of Daitō

This post only contains the Emperors of Daitō and not pretenders to the throne or monarchs from outside of the Imperial Clan. For those individuals, see different pages. For the purposes of this page, only the dates during which each monarch ruled are mentioned. Regnal names will be added over time.
Pre-Unification Emperors (620 BC - 1028 AD)

Legendary Emperors
Emperors Shin'ō to Ing'yō lack historical evidence for having existed and are rather considered to be largely mythical figures.
Regnal Name
Personal Name
Kamu-kitami Shiga-biko no Mikoto
620 - 540 BC
Kamu Yaimimi no Mikoto
540 - 498 BC
Kamu Tarashihiko no Mikoto
498 - 461 BC
Takeshihiko Kushimotose no Mikoto
461 - 360 BC
Mimatsuhiko Kaeshina no Mikoto
360 - 332 BC
Oho Tarashihiko Oshirowake no Mikoto
332 - 284 BC
Retroactive Emperors
Emperor Kōgen is the first Emperor considered to have a direct possibility of existing, though Emperor Go-Kōbun is the first to be completely confirmed as historical.
Regnal Name
Personal Name
284 - 238 BC
238 - 194 BC
194 - 158 BC
158 - 101 BC
101 - 81 BC
First Rule
81 - 74 BC
74 - 61 BC
Second Reign
61 - 3 BC
3 BC - 45 AD
45 - 78
78 - 137
137 - 166
166 - 214
173 - 236
236 - 276
276 - 332
332 - 359
359 - 400
400 - 440
440 - 462
462 - 497
497 - 557
557 - 574
574 - 588
588 - 609
609 - 611
611 - 654
654 - 668
668 - 690
Actual Emperors
Regnal Name
Personal Name
690 - 715
715 - 749
749 - 792
792 - 828
828 - 836
836 - 888
888 - 930
930 - 976
976 - 1011
1011 - 1028

Ishikawa Emperors (1028 - 1426)

Regnal Name
Personal Name
1028 - 1088
1088 - 1121
1121 - 1128
1128 - 1164
1164 - 1193
1193 - 1239
1239 - 1283
1283 - 1316
1316 - 1338
1338 - 1353
1353 - 1381
1381 - 1401
1401 - 1426

Ashina Emperors (1477 - Present)

Regnal Name
Personal Name
1477 - 1498
1498 - 1516
1516 - 1533
1511 - 1545
1545 - 1558
1558 - 1564
1564 - 1568
1568 - 1593
1593 - 1617
1617 - 1642
1642 - 1658
1658 - 1662
1662 - 1668
1668 - 1677
1677 - 1688
1688 - 1703
1703 - 1719
1719 - 1722
Co-Emperor from 1707 to 1719
1722 - 1731
1731 - 1747
1747 - 1758
1758 - 1768
1768 - 1772
1772 - 1815
1815 - 1843
1843 - 1871
1871 - 1932
1932 - 1973
1973 - 1987
1987 - 2020
2020 - Present
« Last Edit: November 22, 2021, 02:53:18 AM by Daitō »

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Re: Civil Factbook of the Empire of Arashkai
« Reply #9 on: June 12, 2021, 01:34:37 AM »
Important Figures of Daitō— Part One — Pre-Imperial Daitō (Pre-1021/1042)

« Last Edit: August 13, 2021, 05:43:20 AM by Arashkai »

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Re: Civil Factbook of the Empire of Arashkai
« Reply #10 on: June 12, 2021, 01:35:33 AM »
Important Figures of Daitō — Part Two — First Imperial Period (1042 - 1426)

The Heiwa Emperor (1021 - 1088)

The Heiwa Emperor, known outside of Daitō and the Daitōjin diaspora communities as Emperor Harumitsu, was the first Emperor of Daitō to truly exercise control over the entirety of Daitō. Following the unification of his realm, he would spend the remainder of his years consolidating the realm, and Daitō would flourish as a result.

Emperor Heiwa died in 1088, though the exact date is unknown. Scholars believe that he passed some time in the later part of the year, but as his tomb has, until but 2021, been forbidden from being excavated nor many non-conflicting records of his death remain, this theory cannot be definitively proven. He was buried some 26 km south of Kaiyō.
« Last Edit: August 13, 2021, 05:43:51 AM by Arashkai »

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Re: Civil Factbook of the Empire of Arashkai
« Reply #11 on: June 12, 2021, 01:37:43 AM »
Important Figures of Daitō — Part Three — The Interregnum (1426 - 1477)

« Last Edit: August 13, 2021, 05:44:02 AM by Arashkai »

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Re: Civil Factbook of the Empire of Arashkai
« Reply #12 on: June 12, 2021, 01:38:48 AM »
Important Figures of Daitō — Part Four — Early Modern Period (1477 - 1800)

The Tōitsu Emperor (1439 - 1498)

The Tōitsu Emperor, known to those outside of Daitō as Sōnosuke Ashina, was the Emperor who reunified Daitō in the mid-to-late 15th century. Like the Heiwa Emperor before him, he would spend the remaining years of his reign stabilizing the state and consolidating his position, though he would launch an invasion of Tsukishima as well, bringing the majority of the island under the rule of the Empire before his death, though some holdouts remained into the mid-15th century.

Starting in 1485, Sōnosuke led an army beyond the Idaina mountains, first striking south before turning his sights to the west, to lands lost by his predecessors. He would prove successful in retaking imperial territories from before the interregnum, but, on the eve of 1490, he dedicated himself to a new goal. He would fulfill the dream of his forebears and establish an Daitōjin Empire stretching throughout all of Northern Ardia. While he would certainly make significant progress in achieving this goal, his death in the battle of Kohei in 1498 proved to be the end of this goal. His heirs would continue the expansion of the Empire, but mostly to ward off further threats. Modern Daitō, being a direct continuation of the Empire under the Tōitsu Emperor, maintains claims on not insignificant portions of this realm, though it formally abandoned it's claim on lands within Rokkenjima in the 1960s.

The Tōitsu Emperor is venerated in many sects of the Ishitic faith as either an incarnation of the war god, Kashima, or as a lesser Kami (spirt).
« Last Edit: September 19, 2021, 11:31:09 AM by Daitō »

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Re: Civil Factbook of the Empire of Arashkai
« Reply #13 on: June 12, 2021, 01:40:25 AM »
Important Figures of Daitō — Part Five — Late Imperial Period to the Great War (1800 - 1945)

The Keiyo Emperor (1853 - 1932)

The Keiyo Emperor, or Emperor Shigenori, was the Emperor of Daitō from 1871 to 1932. His reign is seen as the beginning of a rebirth for the nation, taking it from a minor power to one capable of exerting its influence far beyond it's own borders. He began his reign in the shadow of defeat at the hands of the Ardian Empire, a defeat which would cost the Empire significant territory beyond the Feltasi Mountains. For a brief period during the late 1880s, the Empire found itself in a civil war wherein a general, Jin Nojiri, sought to overthrow the monarchy and establish a "republic" (though given his ideology and how he administered the land he held, this would've been little more than a dictatorship). The war would come to an end within two years with the Imperial loyalists remaining in power.

In 1895, he would appoint his cousin, Prince Eiji of Clan Himekawa, to the position of Imperial Chancellor, effectively making him his closest advisor and giving him a significant position within the government. While some in the modern day would consider this nepotism, this was a common practice within the Imperial Court at the time, after all, he was next in line to become head of the clan (his first choice, Eiji's other cousin, declined the offer), as was a de-facto requirement at the time. Regardless, history has proven that this was an excellent choice for the Emperor.

Emperor Keiyo made it his first goal to ensure that the nation would be able to defend itself in the future, especially from the behemoth that was the Ardian Empire. Thus, he would, for the early part of his reign leading up to the great war, embark on a wide series of reforms to both the military and society as a whole. While he would not seek to go against tradition, he would, for example, model the government on one similar to many countries at the time, with a parliament (or national assembly) and universal suffrage for the population, though this part was not universally extant across the globe.

Emperor Keiyo is well-regarded for succeeding in his goal of reclaiming much of the lands lost to the Ardian Empire and even some more, though he would be unsuccessful in regaining the territories of Kohonai and Arahan, both lost to Cassiopeia and which continue to fuel animosity towards the nation to this day. His reign also saw the acquisition of Styria, a country in northern Albion, as a protectorate in 1899 and later a proper part of the Empire in 1922.

Eiji died in 1932 from pneumonia arising from influenza. He was 79 years old.
Eiji Himekawa (1861 - 1937)

Eiji Himekawa was an Daitōjin nobleman and the Imperial Chancellor of Daitō from 1895 until his death in 1937. His father, Kintarō Himekawa, was well-known for leading the defense of Tasiri and evacuation of a significant part of the population, though he would be maimed in the fighting by an Ardian cannon. His mother, on the other hand, was a member of the Imperial House of Daitō, which led to him and his heirs being Being the second son of the governor of the Kohai Province, he was trained both as a warrior (as was expected of someone in his position) and governance with the goal of assisting his elder brother, Jiro.

Then, the Civil War came. Early on, he and his elder brother signed up, being commissioned as Sub-Lieutenants in the Imperial Army in 1885. The war, however, would drive a permanent wedge between the two brothers, albeit not one they caused, as Jiro would die in the Kasan campaign. During this campaign, Eiji would be wounded in action, but would also earn the star of valour after saving three other wounded soldiers while under fire. The war would, despite it's relative briefness, leave deep scars within Eiji, who now found himself the heir to his father's domain. For his father's part, Eiji would, after the war, find himself the son of the Imperial Chancellor, though he doubted he could ever live up to his father's legacy.

Following the war, Eiji would study law at the newly established University of Ashina, completing his studies in 1891. He married the daughter of Gentaro Yamakawa (the famed gunsmith and head of Clan Yamakawa), Taeko, in 1888, and in the same year, his father passed away as a result of severe illness. Due in part to his wish to complete his studies, Eiji would initially refuse to inherit the position, though he would accept it in 1895 after he had graduated.

Eiji would, upon taking the position of Chancellor, embark on a series of sweeping reforms to the nation, first proposing the drafting of a constitution (with the Emperor's support) in 1897 before getting his wish in late 1898. He would, taking into account his experiences in the army, also call for major reforms to the military, particularly in order to combat the effects of modern technology in regards to the tactics used at the time. He would be a proponent of war with Styria following the sinking of the Kasen in the Norden Bight by their forces. After all, the honor of the nation had to be preserved, and it would prove an excellent opportunity to test out some of his reforms.

The war in Styria would last only eight months, ending shortly before the 1899 constitution would be signed. As part of the treaty, Styria would become a protectorate of the Empire which would have limited home rule. This period of Styria's history would come to an end in the early-1920s when the kingdom was fully integrated into the Empire, though not without some protestation by Eiji, who believed that it would have a higher financial burden than the Empire was, at the time, prepared to manage. These fears would be proven at least partially poorly placed, however, when oil was struck there in 1929, though the wells would dry up by the mid-80s.

In 1906, Eiji would write the poem "the Native Land", which gained popularity over the next few decades, being set to its most famous composition by Yasuji Okada in 1928. This song would be adopted in 1961 as the anthem of the Empire to commemorate what would've been his 100th birthday.

The year 1914 would be an important year for Eiji, not only because of it beginning Daitō's involvement in the Great War, but also because of his becoming the official head of Clan Himekawa and Grand Duke of Ishikari following the death of his cousin, whose children were disqualified from inheritance due to them being born into a morganatic marriage. Regardless, the following four years would prove to be the chancellor's greatest test, taking an active role in both military planning and in the day-to-day operations of the nation. When an armistice was signed, he would lead the Daitōjin delegation in the signing of a peace treaty with the Ardian Empire, securing for the nation most all that had been lost. But on that day, between honorable nations, there was betrayal, for many key contested territories would instead be handed over to the Cassiopeians, lands which the Empire would not reclaim. Not yet, anyways.

With peace achieved, Eiji turned to a new task, that being ensuring that the Empire's new citizens were equally accommodated within society. He would push repeatedly for bills that would prevent segregation of society between the Ardians and everyone else, though he would fail in this regard. This was to be his greatest failure, as he admitted many times in his later writings. In 1932, when the Keiyo Emperor died, he would, alongside his new Lord, lead the funerary procession to his mausoleum.

The twilight years of Eiji's life saw him withdraw further and further from the public eye, effectively retiring in 1935 though retaining his position as chancellor. He would, in 1936, be ordered by the new Emperor to work alongside Tsugio Esumi, the future dictator of Daitō from 1941 to 1952, to help bolster the nation's defenses. He never could get along with Ikir, but he would nonetheless do what he could in his already failing health, having been diagnosed with Leukemia in 1933.

Eiji Himekawa, son of Kintarō Himekawa, father to Matsuko, Genka, and Iyo, died on July 12th, 1937 while surrounded by close family and friends after a battle with leukemia. He was seventy-five years old at the time. His state funeral was, up until the death of the Kunan Emperor in 1976, be the largest state funeral in Daitōjin history.
« Last Edit: December 08, 2021, 11:25:42 AM by Daitō »

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Re: Civil Factbook of the Empire of Arashkai
« Reply #14 on: June 12, 2021, 01:40:56 AM »
Important Figures of Daitō — Part Six — Modern History (Post-1945)

« Last Edit: August 13, 2021, 05:46:13 AM by Arashkai »

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Re: Civil Factbook of the Empire of Arashkai
« Reply #15 on: June 21, 2021, 12:31:25 AM »
Constitution of the Empire of Daitō

Spoiler: Constitution of Daitō • show
Constitution of the Empire of Daitō

We, the Daitōjin people, acting through our duly elected representatives in the National Assembly, determined that we shall secure for ourselves and our posterity the fruits of liberty, justice, and unity, and resolved that we shall never see the rise of totalitarianism within our lands.

Chapter I. — The Eshva

Article 1
   The Empire of Daitō shall be reigned over and governed by a line of Emperors unbroken for ages eternal.
Article 2
   The Imperial Throne shall be succeeded by Imperial descendents via the practice of Absolute Primogeniture except in cases where the heir is deemed unfit, according to the provisions of the Imperial House Law.
Article 3
   The Emperor is the de-jure head of the Empire, combining in him the rights of sovereignty, and exercises them according to the provisions of the current constitution.
Article 4
   The Emperor is sacred and inviolable.
Article 5
   The Emperor shall be granted the right under the constitution to dismiss and appoint the Prime Minister of Daitō during times of National Crisis, as voted upon by the National Assembly.
Article 6
   Executive power rests in the hands of the Emperor, acted upon with the consent of the Cabinet.
Article 7
   The Emperor shall derive his authority not from above, but by mandate of the people, within whom resides absolute sovereign power, though conferred upon him by their will.
Article 8
   The Emperor convokes the National Assembly, opens, closes, and prorogues it, and dissolves the Imperial Senate.
Article 9 
   1. The Emperor, in consequence of an urgent necessity to maintain public safety or to avert public calamities, issues, when the National Assembly is not sitting, Imperial ordinances in the place of law.
   2. Such Imperial Ordinances are to be laid before the National Assembly at its next session, and when the Assembly does not approve the said ordinances, the Government shall declare them invalid for the future.
Article 10
   No ordinance issued by the Emperor shall in any way alter or violate existing laws.
Article 11
   The Emperor shall act as the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Daitō.
Article 12
   The Emperor shall not unilaterally declare war, make peace, nor conclude treaties, for such power lies in the hands of the National Assembly as the elected representatives of the Daitōjin people alone.
Article 13
   The Emperor confers titles of nobility, rank, orders, and other marks of honour.
Article 14
   The Emperor orders amnesty, pardon, commutation of sentences and rehabilitation.
Article 15
   The Emperor shall be permitted the right to abdicate by this Constitution, whereupon he shall rescind all powers of governance granted by this Constitution and be conferred upon the title of Emperor-Emeritus.
Article 16
   In times of crisis, as determined by the Privy Council and National Assembly, the Emperor may be permitted, with their recommendation, to take further power and establish an emergency government headed by him.

Chapter II. — Rights and Duties of the People

Article 17
   The conditions necessary for being an Daitōjin national shall be decided by law.
Article 18
   The people shall not be prevented from enjoying any of the fundamental human rights. These fundamental human rights guaranteed by this Constitution shall be conferred upon the people of this and future generations as eternal and inviolate rights.
Article 19
   The freedoms and rights guaranteed to the people by this Constitution shall be maintained by the constant endeavour of the people, who shall refrain from any abuse of these freedoms and rights and shall always be responsible for using them for the public wealthfare.
Article 20
   All of the people shall be respected as individuals. Their right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness shall, to the extent that it does not interfere with the public welfare, be the supreme consideration in legislation and in other governmental affairs.
Article 21
   All of the people are equal under the law and there shall be no discrimination in political, economic or social relations because of race, creed, sex, social status or family origin.
Article 22
   1. The citizens have the inalienable right to choose their public officials and to dismiss them.
   2. All public officials are servants of the whole community and not of any group thereof.
   3. Universal adult suffrage is guaranteed with regard to the election of public officials.
   4. In all elections, secrecy of the ballot shall not be violated. A voter shall not be answerable, publicly or privately, for the choice he has made.
Article 23
   Every person shall have the right of peaceful petition for the redress of damage, the removal of public officials, for the enactment, repeal, or amendment of laws, ordinances, or regulations and for other matters; nor shall any person be in any way discriminated against for sponsoring such a petition.
Article 24
   Every person may sue for redress as provided by law from the State or a public entity, in case he has suffered damage through illegal act of any public official.
Article 25
   No person shall be held in bondage of any kind. Involuntary servitude, except as punishment for crime, is prohibited.
Article 26
   Freedom of thought and conscience shall not be violated.
Article 27
   1. Freedom of religion is guaranteed to all. No religious organization shall receive any privileges from the state, nor exercise any political authority.
   2. No person shall be compelled to take part in any religious act, celebration, rite or practice.
   3. The state and its organs shall refrain from religious education or any other religious activity.
Article 28
   1. Freedom of assembly and association as well as speech, press, and all other forms of expression are guaranteed.
   2. No censorship shall be maintained, nor the secrecy of any means of communication be violated.
Article 29
   1. Every person shall have freedom to choose and change his residence and to choose his occupation to the extent that it does not interfere with the public welfare.
   2. Freedom of all persons to move to a foreign country and to divest themselves of their nationality shall be inviolate.
Article 30
   Academic freedom is guaranteed.
Article 31
   1. Marriage shall be based only on the mutual consent of both partners and it shall be maintained through mutual cooperation with the equal rights of both spouses as a basis.
   2. With regard to choice of spouse, property rights, inheritance, choice of domicile, divorce and other matters pertaining to marriage and the family, laws shall be enacted from the standpoint of individual dignity and the essential equality of the partners.
Article 32
   1. All people shall have the right to maintain the minimum standards of wholesome and cultured living.
   2. In all spheres of life, the State shall use its endeavors for the promotion and extension of social welfare and security, and of public health.
Article 33
   1. All people shall have the right to receive an equal education correspondent to their ability, as provided by law.
   2. All people shall be obligated to have all boys and girls under their protection receive ordinary education as provided for by law. Such compulsory education shall be free.
Article 34
   1. All people shall have the right and obligation to work.
   2. Standards for wages, hours, rest, and other working conditions shall be set by law.
   3. Children shall not be exploited.
Article 35
   The right of workers to organize and bargain and act collectively is guaranteed.
Article 36
   1. The right to own or to hold property is inviolable. Property rights shall be defined by law, in conformity with the public wealthfare.
   2. Private property may be taken for public use upon just compensation therefore.
Article 37
   The people shall be liable to taxation as provided by law.
Article 38
   No person shall be violated of life or liberty, nor shall any other criminal penalty be imposed, except according to procedure established by law.
Article 39
   No person shall be denied the right of access to the courts.
Article 40
   No person shall be apprehended except upon warrant issued by a competent judicial officer which specifies the offense with which the person is charged, unless he is apprehended while the offense is being committed.
Article 41
   No person shall be arrested or detained without being at once informed of the charges against him or without the immediate privilege of counsel; nor shall he be detained without adequate cause; and upon demand of any person such cause must be immediately shown in open court in his presence and the presence of his counsel.
Article 42
   1. The right of all persons to be secure in their homes, papers and effects against entries, searches and seizures shall not be impaired except upon warrant issued for adequate cause and particularly describing the place to be searched and things to be seized, or except as provided by Article 38.
   2. Each search or seizure shall be made upon separate warrant issued by a competent judicial officer.
Article 43
   The infliction of torture by any public officer and cruel punishments are absolutely forbitdden.
Article 44
   1. In all criminal cases the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial tribunal.
   2. He shall be permitted full opportunity to examine all witnesses, and he shall have the right of compulsory process for obtaining witnesses on his behalf at public expense.
   3. At all times the accused shall have the assistance of competent counsel who shall, if the accused is unable to secure the same by his own efforts, be assigned to his use by the state.
Article 45
   1. No person shall be compelled to testify against himself.
   2. Confession made under compulsion, torture or threat, or after prolonged arrestor detention shall be admitted in evidence.
   3. No person shall be convicted or punished in cases where the only proof against him is his own confession.
Article 46
   No person shall be held criminally liable for an act which was lawful at the time it was committed, or of which he has been acquitted, nor shall he be placed in double jeopardy.
Article 47
   Any person, in case he is acquitted after he has been arrested or detained, may sue the state for redress as provided by law.

Chapter III. — The National Assembly

Article 48
   The National Assembly shall be the highest organ of state power, and shall be the sole law-making organ of the state while in session.
Article 49
   The National Assembly shall consist of two houses, namely the Chamber of Deputies and the Imperial Senate.
Article 50
   1. The Chamber of Deputies shall consist of solely elected members, representative of all the people; Two senators shall be appointed by provincial governments, representative of the local governments.
   2. The number of members of each house shall be allowed to be changed based on the size of Daitō and the population of her territories.
Article 51
   The qualifications of members of both houses and the electors of the Chamber of Deputies shall be fixed by law. However, there shall be no discrimination because of race, creed, sex, social status, family origin, education, property or income.
Article 52
   The term of office of members of the Chamber of Deputies shall be four years, however, the term shall be terminated before the full term is up in case the Chamber of Deputies is dissolved.
Article 53
   The term of office of members of the Senate shall be six years, and election of half the members shall take place every three years.
Article 54
   Electoral districts, method of voting, and other matters pertaining to the method of election of members of the Chamber of Deputies shall be fixed by law.
Article 55
   No person shall be permitted to be a member of both Houses simultaneously.
Article 56
   Members of both Houses shall receive appropriate annual payment from the national treasury in accordance with law.
Article 57
   Except in cases provided by law, members of both Houses shall be held exempt from apprehension while the Assembly is in session, and any members apprehended before the opening of the session shall be freed during the time of the session upon demand of the House.
Article 58
   Members of both Houses shall not be held liable outside the House for speeches, debates or votes cast inside the House.
Article 59
   An ordinary session of the National Assembly shall be convoked every year.
Article 60
   The Cabinet may determine to convoke extraordinary sessions of the National Assembly. When a quarter or more of the total members makes the demand, the Cabinet must determine on a convocation.
Article 61
   1. When the Chamber of Deputies is dissolved, there must be a general election of members of the Chamber of Deputies within forty days from the date of dissolution, and the Assembly must be convened within thirty days of the election.
   2. When the Chamber of Deputies is dissolved, the Senate is closed at the same time. However, the Cabinet may, in times of national emergency, convoke the Imperial Senate in emergency session.
   3. Measures taken at such a session as mentioned in the proviso of the preceding paragraph shall be provisional and shall become null and void unless agreed to by the Chamber of Deputies within a period of ten days after the opening of the next session of the Assembly.
Article 62
   Each House shall judge disputes related to qualifications of its members. However, in order to deny a seat to any member, it is necessary to pass a resolution by a majority of two-thirds or more of the members present.
Article 63
   1. Business cannot be transacted in either House unless one-third or more of total membership is present.
   2. All matters shall be decided, in each House, by a majority of those present, except as elsewhere provided in the Constitution, and in case of a tie, the presiding officer shall decide the issue.
Article 64
   1. Deliberation in each House shall be public. However, a secret meeting may be held where a majority of two-thirds or more of those members present passes a resolution therefor.
   2. Each House shall keep a record of proceedings. This record shall be published and given general circulation, excepting such parts of proceedings of secret session as may be deemed to require secrecy.
   3. Upon demand of one-fifth or more of the members present, votes of the members on any matter shall be recorded in the minutes.
Article 65
   1. Each House shall select its own president and other officials.
   2. Each House shall establish its rules pertaining to meetings, proceedings and internal discipline, and may punish members for disorderly conduct. However, in order to expel a member, a majority of two-thirds or more of those members present must pass a resolution thereon.
Article 66
   1. A bill becomes a law on passage by both Houses, except as otherwise provided by the Constitution.
   2. A bill which is passed by the Chamber of Deputies, and upon which the Imperial Senate makes a decision different from that of the Chamber of Deputies, becomes a law when passed a second time by the Chamber of Deputies by a majority of two-thirds or more of the members present.
   3. The provision of the preceding paragraph does not preclude the Chamber of Deputies from calling for the meeting of a joint committee of both Houses, provided for by law.
   4. Failure by the Imperial Senate to take final action within sixty days after the receipt of a bill passed by the Chamber of Deputies, time in recess excepted,may be determined by the Chamber of Deputies to constitute a rejection of the said bill by the the Imperial Senate.
Article 67
   1. The budget must be submitted to the Chamber of Deputies.
   2. Upon consideration of the budget, when the Imperial Senate makes a decision different to that of the Chamber of Deputies, and when no agreement can be reached even through a joint committee of both Houses, provided for by law, or in the case of failure by the Imperial Senate to take final action within thirty days, the period of recess excluded, after the receipt of the budget passed by the Chamber of Deputies, the decision of the Chamber of Deputies shall be the decision of the Assembly.
Article 68
   The second paragraph of the preceding article applies also to the Assembly approval required for the approval of treaties.
Article 69
   Each House may conduct investigations in relation to the government, and may demand the presence and testimony of witnesses, and the production of records.
Article 70
   The Prime Minister and other Ministers of State may, at any time, appear in either Houses for the purpose of speaking on bills, regardless of whether they are members of the Houses or not. They must appear when their presence is required in order to give answers or explanations.
Article 71
   1. The Assembly shall set up an impeachment court from among members of both Houses for the purpose of trying those judges against whom removal proceedings have been instituted.
   2. Matters relating to impeachment shall be provided by law.
Article 72
   The Chamber of Deputies, when the Prime Minister fails to form a government, shall be permitted to vote to remove them from office and elect a new Prime Minister from among the ranks of the governing party or coalition.

Chapter IV. — The Cabinet and Privy Council

Article 73
   1. The Respective Ministers of State shall give their advice to the Emperor and Prime Minister, and be responsible for it.
   2. All laws, Imperial Ordinances, and Imperial Rescripts of any kind, that relate to the affairs of the state, require the signature of a Minister of State.
Article 74
   The Privy Councillors shall, in accordance with the provisions for the organization of the Privy Council, deliberate upon important matters of State when they have been consulted by the Emperor.

Chapter V. — Judiciary

Article 75
   1. The whole judicial power is vested in the Supreme Court and in such inferior courts as are established by law.
   2. No extraordinary tribunal shall be established, nor shall any organ or agency of the Executive be given final judicial power.
   3. All judges shall be independent in the exercise of their conscience and shall be bound only by this constitution and the laws
Article 76
   1. The Supreme Court is vested with the rule-making power under which it determines the rules of procedure and of practice, and of matters relating to attorneys, the internal discipline of the courts and the administration of judicial affairs.
   2. Public procurators shall be subject to the rule-making power of the Supreme Court.
   3. The Supreme Court may delegate the power to make rules for inferior courts to such courts.
Article 77
   Judges shall not be removed except by public impeachment unless judicially declared mentally or physically incompetent to perform official duties. No disciplinary action against judges shall be administered by any executive organ or agency.
Article 78
   1. The Supreme Court shall consist of a Chief Judge and such number of judges as may be determined by law; all such judges excepting the Chief Judge shall be appointed by the Cabinet.
   2. The appointment of the judges of the Supreme Court shall be reviewed by the people at the first general election of members of the Chamber of Deputies following their appointment, and shall be reviewed again at the first general election of members of the Chamber of Deputies after a lapse of ten (10) years, and in the same manner thereafter.
   3. In cases mentioned in the foregoing paragraph, when the majority of the voters favors the dismissal of a judge, he shall be dismissed.
   4. Matters pertaining to review shall be prescribed by law.
   5. The judges of the Supreme Court shall be retired upon the attainment of the age as fixed by law.
   6. All such judges shall receive, at regular stated intervals, adequate compensation which shall not be decreased during their terms of office.
Article 79
   1. The judges of the inferior courts shall be appointed by the Cabinet from a list of persons nominated by the Supreme Court. All such judges shall hold office for a term of ten (10) years with privilege of reappointment, provided that they shall be retired upon the attainment of the age as fixed by law.
   2. The judges of the inferior courts shall receive, at regular stated intervals, adequate compensation which shall not be decreased during their terms of office.
Article 80
   The Supreme Court is the court of last resort with power to determine the constitutionality of any law, order, regulation or official act.
Article 81
   1. The Supreme Court is the court of last resort with power to determine the constitutionality of any law, order, regulation or official act.
   2. Where a court unanimously determines publicity to be dangerous to public order or morals, a trial may be conducted privately, but trials of political offenses, offenses involving the press or cases wherein the rights of people as guaranteed in Chapter III of this Constitution are in question shall always be conducted publicly.

Chapter VI. — Finance

Article  82
   The power to administer national finances shall be exercised as the Assembly shall determine.
Article 83
   No new taxes shall be imposed or existing ones modified except by law or such conditions as law may prescribe.
Article 84
   No money shall be expended, nor shall the State obligate itself, except as authorized by the Assembly
Article 85
   The Cabinet shall prepare and submit to the Assembly for its consideration and decision a budget for each fiscal year.
Article 86
   1. In order to provide for unforeseen deficiencies in the budget, a reserve fund may be authorized by the Assembly to be expended upon the responsibility of the Cabinet.
   2. The Cabinet must get subsequent approval of the Assembly for all payments from the reserve fund.
Article 87
   No public money or other property shall be expended or appropriated for the use, benefit or maintenance of any religious institution or association, or for any charitable, educational or benevolent enterprises not under the control of public authority.
Article 88
   1. Final accounts of the expenditures and revenues of the State shall be audited annually by a Board of Audit and submitted by the Cabinet to the Assembly, together with the statement of audit, during the fiscal year immediately following the period covered.
   2. The organization and competency of the Board of Audit shall be determined by law.
Article 89
   At regular intervals and at least annually the Cabinet shall report to the Assembly and the people on the state of national finances.

Chapter VII. — Local Self-Government

Article 90
   Regulations concerning organization and operations of local public entities shall be fixed by law in accordance with the principle of local autonomy.
Article 91
   1. The local public entities shall establish assemblies as their deliberative organs, in accordance with law.
   2. The chief executive officers of all local public entities, the members of their assemblies, and such other local officials as may be determined by law shall be elected by direct popular vote within their several communities.
Article 92
   Local public entities shall have the right to manage their property, affairs and administration and to enact their own regulations within law.
Article 93
   A special law, applicable only to one local public entity, cannot be enacted by the Assembly without the consent of the majority of the voters of the local public entity concerned, obtained in accordance with law.
Article 94
   The Empire of Daitō recognizes the existence of the States of Rusan and Andreπ as constituent countries within its borders, with their own constitutions and Assemblies under which they are governed.

Chapter VIII. — Ammendments

Article 95
   1. Amendments to this Constitution shall be initiated by the Assembly, through a concurring vote of two-thirds or more of all the members of each House and shall thereupon be submitted to the people for ratification, which shall require the affirmative vote of a majority of all votes cast thereon, at a special referendum or at such election as the Assembly shall specify.
   2. Amendments when so ratified shall immediately be promulgated by the Emperor in the name of the people, as an integral part of this Constitution.

Chapter IX. — The Imperial Chancellery

Article 96
   The Emperor shall be permitted to select from the populace a person who shall serve in the role of the Imperial Chancellor.
Article 97
   The Office of the Imperial Chancellor shall serve as a mediary between the Imperial Household and the National Assembly.
Article 98
   The Imperial Chancellor will be held accountable to the National Assembly, who shall be permitted to remove them from office
Article 99
   The Imperial Chancellor shall act to hold the Emperor and Prime Minister accountable for their actions taken while they hold office. Likewise, the Emperor shall hold the Chancellor and Prime Minister accountable, and the Prime Minister shall hold the Emperor and Chancellor accountable in similar circumstances.
Article 100
   In times of crisis, with the expressed permission of the Emperor, the Chancellor shall be permitted to take over as the de-facto leader of the nation, capable of dismissing the National Assembly for a period no greater than two months at a time.
Article 101
   The Chancellor shall serve as the de-jure Head of the Government, though he or she shall not preside over the day-to-day operations of the state except in times of crisis.
Article 102
   The Chancellor shall be permitted the right to recommend the expulsion of members of the National Assembly should they threaten the safety and stability of the state.

Chapter X. — Supreme Law

Article 103
   The fundamental human rights guaranteed by this Constitution to the people of Daitō are fruits of the age-old struggle of man to be free; they have survived the many exacting tests for durability and are conferred upon this and future generations in trust, to be held for all time inviolate.
Article 104
   1. This Constitution shall be the supreme law of the nation and no law, ordinance, imperial rescript or their act of government, or part thereof, contrary to the provisions hereof, shall have legal force or validity.
   2. The treaties concluded by Daitō and established laws of nations shall be faithfully observed.
Article 105
   The Emperor or the Regent as well as Ministers of State, members of the Assembly, judges, and all other public officials have the obligation to respect and uphold this Constitution.

Chapter XI. — Supplementary Provisions

Article 106
   1. This Constitution shall be enforced as from the day when the period of two weeks will have elapsed counting from the day of its promulgation.
   2. The enactment of laws necessary for the enforcement of this constitution, the election of members of the Chamber of Deputies, and other preparatory procedures necessary for the enforcement of this Constitution may be executed before the day prescribed in the preceding paragraph.

Article 107
   If the Imperial Senate is not constituted before the effective date of this Constitution, the Chamber of Deputies shall function as the Assembly until such a time as the Imperial Senate shall be constituted.
Article 108
   The term of office for half the members of the Imperial Senate serving in the first term under this Constitution shall be three years. Members falling under this category shall be determined in accordance with the law.
Article 109
   The Ministers of State, members of the Chamber of Deputies, and judges in office on the effective date of this Constitution, and all other public officials who occupy positions corresponding to such positions as are recognized by this Constitution shall not forfeit their positions automatically on account of the enforcement of this Constitution unless otherwise specified by law. When, however, successors are elected or appointed under the provisions of this Constitution, they shall forfeit their positions as a matter of course.

Adopted 31 January, 2021
« Last Edit: March 22, 2022, 06:58:24 AM by Daitō »

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Re: Civil Factbook of the Empire of Arashkai
« Reply #16 on: June 27, 2021, 12:45:30 AM »
The Imperial Cabinet

His Imperial Lordship,
the Go-Tenshi Emperor
      The Go-Tenshi Emperor, or Eijiro, is the reigning Emperor of Daitō
and son of the previous Emperor, the Antei Emperor. He ascended to the
throne in 2020 and has, since his father's assassination in 2021, held
powers granted under Article 16 fof the 2021 constitution.
His Lordship,
Prince Sachio Himekawa
      A direct descendant of the Imperial Family, Sachiro Himekawa is the current
head of Clan Himekawa and Imperial Chancellor, thus making him the de-facto
second-in-command of the national government.
Fumito Gushiken
State Minister of Defense
Tadakatsu Haruno
State Minister of Foreign Affairs
Benkei Hiraide
State Minister of the Interior
Yūdai Sasabe
State Minister of Justice
Sakiko Besujima
State Minister of the Treasury
Dr. Yorinobu Watanabe
State Minister of Health
Hideki Yamaoka
State Minister of Labour
Emon Nakajima
State Minister of Education
Ginji Kosei
State Minister of Agriculture
Friedrich Leitzke
State Minister of Commerce
Haruto Uehara
State Minister of Energy
Anna Avakian
State Minister of Transportation
Minako Norimoto
State Minister of Public Safety
Hakaru Asakawa
State Minister of Disaster Management
Eiji Akiya
State Minister of the Environment
Oki Nagase
State Minister of Culture
Daiji Ganaha
State Minister of Housing and Human Development
Special Advisors
Isao Anami
Special Advisor on National Security
Jin Himekawa
Special Advisor on Diplomacy
Ayai Kusaka
Special Advisor on Climate Change
« Last Edit: August 13, 2021, 05:48:39 AM by Arashkai »

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Re: Civil Factbook of the Empire of Arashkai
« Reply #17 on: July 18, 2021, 03:16:03 PM »
Religions of Daitō

The Imperial Way

            Teidō (帝道, "the Imperial Way"), also known as Daidō (大道, the "Great Way") and Kodō (古道, the Ancient Way), is a faith native to Eastern Ardia that is mostly associated in the modern day with the Empire of Daitō, better known as the Empire of Daitō. While the term "Teidō" applies to all practitioners of the religion, the other terms, "Daidō" and "Kodō", refer to practitioners of the mainstream form of the religion and other, smaller sects respectively. While scholars sometimes refer to practitioners as "Teidōists", the term is largely nonexistent among said practitioners.

            Teidō is a polytheistic (though it has some henotheistic tendencies) and revolves around the kami ("gods" or "spirits"), supernatural entities that are believed by practitioners to inhabit all things. This has resulted in Teidō being considered animistic and pantheistic. The kami are worshipped at kamidana (household shrines), family shrines, and jinja (public shrines). The latter of these are staffed by priests known as kannushi, who oversee offerings made to specific kami enshrined at the location. This is done to cultivate harmony between humans and kami as well as to solicit the latter's blessing. These shrines are also staffed by miko, or supplementary priestesses, who take part in a variety of duties in the maintenance of the shrine, assisting the shrine's chief priest, or gūji, and performing a variety of spiritual rites. Common rituals include the kagura dances, various rites of passage, and seasonal festivals. Public shrines often provide religious paraphernalia such as amulets to the religion's adherents. Teidō does not emphasize specific moral codes, instead placing major conceptual focus on ensuring purity, largely through cleaning practices such as ritual washing and bathing. Teidō historically has had no specific creator or specific doctrinal text, though this changed starting in the 16th century with the birth of the Daidō sect.
            Kotoamatsukami is the collective term for the first gods within the faith, who were said to have come into existence at the time of the creation of the universe. According to the religion, they were "born" in Takamagahara, the world of Heaven, at the time of creation. Unlike the future generations of gods, they were not born, but rather manifested themselves. As a result, while they are generally known to have a form, this form is unknown and perhaps unknowable to mortals. Two of these deities came into existence after the first three, though only a short while later than the rest. They are as follows:
Supreme Lord of the gods
god of agriculture/creation
god/goddess of creation
The first deity
Sometimes associated
with gravity
One of the
alleged ancestors
of the Emperor
Ancestor of the gods
god of energy
god of heaven
associated with mundus
associated with Takamagahara
            The Kamiyo-nanayo are seven generations of kami that emerged after the formation of heaven and earth. They appeared after the Kotoamatsukami according to many religious texts. While the first two generations lacked an identifiable gender, the five that followed came into being as male-female pairs of kami: male deities and "sisters" (though this is less them literally being siblings and more of a term to describe their shared origins) who were at the same time married couples. Of these, the last two are viewed as the most important, being responsible for the formation of Daitō. In total, there are twelve kami in this group, which are as follows:
Male deity
Female deity
Major Kami
Inari Ōkami
goddess of the sun
goddess of the dawn and revelry
god of the wind
god of war
goddess of rice and fertility
purported ancestor of the first emperor
Ancestor of the Emperor
Mother of Ninigi-no-Mikoto
Apparent descendant of
Alleged first practitioner
of the Kagura dance
One of the oldest kami
Portrayed as an Oni in artwork
Brother of Raijin
A Divine Protector
of Daitō
Associated with foxes
Considered one of the more popular kami
Ancestor of all Emperors of Daitō
a god of nation-building, farming,
business, and medicine
a god of nation-building, farming,
business, and medicine
god of wisdom and intelligence
god of thunder and lightning
god of the sea
god of water
Sometimes viewed as
the same deity as
Sometimes viewed as
the same deity as
Depicted as an oni in artwork
Brother of Fūjin
Associated with the region of Kitami
Sometimes conflated with Ryūjin
god of storms
god of thunder and storms
god of hunting
god of artifacts
Imperial ancestor
god of the moon
Closely tied to the Daitōjin
Discovered the sword
Well known for slaying the dragon
Yamata no Orochi
an Ancestor of the Imperial Clan
Sometimes known as Kashima
A Divine Protector of Daitō
The daughter of Ryūjin
Grandmother of the "First" Emperor
Killed Ukemochi out of disgust and anger
for the way she prepared a meal.
Resulted in a feud with the sun goddess, which is why
the sun and moon appear in different parts of the sky.
« Last Edit: August 13, 2021, 06:07:50 AM by Daitō »

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Re: Civil Factbook of the Empire of Arashkai
« Reply #18 on: July 28, 2021, 05:57:31 PM »
Timeline of Daitō

   • 82,000 BC - Earliest evidence of human habitation in mainland Daitō.
   • 13,000 BC - Beginning of the Sumihori period.
   • 4,700 BC - Beginning of the Chalcolithic era in Daitō.
   • 4,100 BC - Earliest evidence of proto-writing in Daitō, the Seinaru mizu no sei cave inscriptions.
   • 3,600 BC - End of the Chalcolithic era, beginning of the Bronze Age.
   • 2,100 BC - Early migration of the Soten people into southern Daitō. They would become the modern Daitōjin.
   • 1,700 BC - Earliest city in Daitō, Osumi, is founded.
   • 1,540 BC - Earliest recorded writing among the Sumihori peoples. End of Pre-Historic Daitō.
Late Sumihori Period
   • 1,300 BC - The Sumihori city of Asadal is sacked by the early Daitōjin.
   • 1,050 BC - Collapse of the Sumihori civilization, end of the Sumihori period. Beginning of the Warring States period.
Warring States Period
   • 1,050 - 620 BC - Expansion of Daitōjin civilization throughout mainland Daitō.
   • 920 BC - Earliest Daitōjin settlement in Awara.
   • 850 BC - Earliest Daitōjin settlement in Ashina.
   • 780 - 550 BC - Raids from Aranye and Rusan frequent the coast of Daitō.
   • 750 BC - Kaiyō is founded.
   • 620 BC - Mythical enthronement of the first Emperor, Shin'ō Tenno.
   • 540 BC - Mythical death of Emperor Shin'ō. Emperor Shihō takes his place.
   • 440 BC - Earliest directly traceable form of the Teidō faith.
   • 293 BC - Earliest form of the Daitōjin Calligraphic Script appears.
   • 284 BC - Enthronement of Emperor Kōgen. Founding of Kitami. End of the Warring States Period.
Pentarchical Era
   • 178 BC - Founding of Ishikari.
   • 146 BC - Earliest mention of Clan Heishi.
   • 128 BC - Founding of Teshio.
   • 53 BC - Founding of Hidaka.
   • 6 BC - Founding of Sagami.
   • 29 AD - Establishment of the Grand Shrine at Mount Idai.
   • 87 - 96 AD - War between Kitami and Teshio.
   • 96 AD - Kitami seizes the rest of the Bōsō Peninsula from Teshio.
   • 152 AD - Clan Heishi seizes power in Ishikari.
   • 167 AD - The King of Ishikari, seeking to stabilize his position, captures Mount Idai following a brief conflict with Hidaka.
   • 204 AD - Christianity first arrives in Daitō, though it does not dislodge local faiths in all but a few communities.
   • 236 - 491 AD - Ishikari undergoes a golden age, holding significant sway over Daitōjin society.
   • 372 - 397 AD - Civil war in Sagami.
   • 392 - 403 AD - Civil war in Teshio.
   • 400 - 416 AD - Kitamian intervention in Teshio.
   • 416 AD - Kitami subdues Teshio, transforming it into a de-facto vassal of the former kingdom.
   • 488 AD - A confederation of the five Daitōjin states and various other small principalities is established, with the leading monarch rotating every ten years. The King of Kitami is the first head of this confederation.
   • 488 - 690 AD - Confederal Period in Daitō.
   • 506 - 631 AD - The Baruungar Khaganate controls western Daitō up to the Idaina mountains.
   • 668 AD - Enthronement of Sadaakira as King of Kitami. His reign would see the strengthening of his realm's position within the confederation, transforming it into a hereditary monarchy.
   • 690 AD - Enthronement of Emperor Suizei. Proclamation of the Empire of Daitō. End of the Pentarchical era.
Early Imperial Era
   • 715 AD - Emperor Suizei dies and is succeeded by his son, Emperor Shinwa.
   • 726 - 733 AD - The Keisen rebellion rages in Sagami.
   • 749 AD - Emperor Shinwa dies and is succeeded by Empress Kaika.
   • 806 AD - Teshio is integrated into Kitami.
   • 962 AD - Ishikari is integrated into Kitami.
   • 1017 AD - Hidaka and Sagami declare independence.
   • 1017 - 1042 AD - The Wars of Unification
   • 1028 AD -
      • March 1028 - Emperor Ankan dies. Emperor Heiwa accedes to the throne. A regency is established in the Empire.
      • October 1028 - The city of Saito is captured by Imperial forces.
      • November 1028 - Hidaka surrenders and is integrated into the Kitami.
   • 1037 AD - The regency for Emperor Heiwa ends.
   • 1042 AD - Sagami surrenders. End of the Wars of Unification. Proclamation of the Empire of Daitō.
Western Court Era
   • 1048 AD - The Heiwa Emperor appoints Satomi no Kazumasa as Taikō (Grand Duke) of Teshio.
   • 1052 AD - The Heiwa Emperor appoints Heishi no Masatsune as Taikō of Ishikari.
   • 1053 AD -
      • June 1053 - The Heiwa Emperor appoints Matsumae no Yoshimasa as the Taikō of Sagami.
      • October 1053 - The Heiwa Emperor appoints Nishiōji no Kazunori as the Taikō of Hidaka.
   • 1057 AD - The Armies of the Heiwa Emperor march west, beyond the Akaishi and Idai mountains. The Western campaigns begin.
   • 1071 AD - Having seized a significant part of the coast of the Ardian Gulf, the Western campaigns come to an end.
   • 1073 AD - The Heiwa Emperor, his ambition knowing know bounds, orders the conquest of what is now Northern Rokkenjima. Though it would see less success owing to more organized resistance in the region, the region around modern-day Aldspring would fall under Daitōjin control for fifty years and see frequent incursions for much of the Western Court Period.
   • 1081 AD - Construction begins of a funerary complex for the Heiwa Emperor. It would take a form similar to older Imperial tombs known as Kofun, being the largest of these tombs.
   • 1088 AD - The Heiwa Emperor dies. The Shiroi Emperor is enthroned. The Heiwa Kofun is sealed off to any visitors, eventually being abandoned save for a small shrine until the 1880s.
   • 1106 AD - The Harigatani Rebellion begins in Sagami, with the city of Nigata being seized by the rebels in October.
   • 1109 AD - The Harigatani Rebellion is crushed and its leaders executed.
   • 1121 AD - The Shiroi Emperor dies. The Sangaku Emperor is enthroned.
   • 1128 AD - The Sangaku Emperor dies. The Kaiyō Emperor is enthroned.
   • 1164 AD - The Kaiyō Emperor is assassinated. The Midori Emperor is enthroned.
   • 1170 AD - The Kosen Uprising begins.
   • 1171 AD - The Kosen Uprising is crushed at the hands of the Midori Emperor.
   • 1193 AD - Emperor Go-Shiroi is enthroned following the death of his father, the Midori Emperor.
   • 1199 AD - Beginning of the First Daitōjin Golden Age.
   • 1239 AD - The Go-Shiroi Emperor dies and is succeeded by his grandson, the Hikari Emperor.
   • 1247 AD - The Hatekayama clan is founded as a branch of the Imperial clan.
   • 1283 AD - The Hikari Emperor abdicates. The Ryokō Emperor is enthroned.
   • 1309 AD - First mention of Clan Yamana.
   • 1316 AD - Emperor Ryokō dies. The Go-Sangaku Emperor is enthroned.
   • 1328 AD - The First Daitōjin Golden Age ends.
   • 1338 AD - The Go-Sangaku Emperor is killed in a duel with the famed swordsman, Gentaro Hasei. The Sesai Emperor is enthroned.
   • 1353 AD - The Sesai Emperor abdicates and the Go-Hikari Emperor is enthroned. The Isaka Clan is founded.
   • 1357 AD - The former Sesai Emperor begins his first voyage abroad, travelling to and expanding the edge of the known world, at least for the Daitōjin people.
   • 1381 AD - The Go-Hikari Emperor abdicates. The Kōtoku Emperor is enthroned.
   • 1393 - 1426 AD - Rebellions ravage the Empire.
   • 1401 AD - The Kōtoku Emperor is killed in the Battle of Ojiya. The Suihei Emperor is enthroned.
   • 1426 AD - The Suihei Emperor is assassinated. With no clear heir, a succession dispute plunges the Empire into fifty years of civil war, a period known as the "Northern and Southern Courts" period.
Northern and Southern Courts Period
« Last Edit: October 19, 2021, 07:03:30 PM by Daitō »

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Re: Civil Factbook of the Empire of Daitō
« Reply #19 on: August 01, 2021, 10:30:50 PM »
the Daitōjin National Space Agency

The Daitōjin National Space Agency, or DNSA, also known in Onishi as the Daitōjin Kokuritsu Uchū-Kyoku, is the national space agency of the Empire of Daitō. Founded in the late 1950s, the agency launched its first satellite, Tengoku-I, in 1961, while its first manned mission was in 1965 aboard a Taka (hawk) spacecraft. The Taka spacecraft was a simple, two-seat spacecraft meant to test a variety of tasks, including rendezvous, docking, and EVA, as well as long-duration missions of up to two weeks in orbit with the hope of building up to a manned mission to the moon with the later Washi (eagle) spacecraft. With the Rokkenjiman landing, however, the DNSA cancelled its efforts to reach the moon, transitioning to a space station program instead, with said spacecraft being replaced with the Ryū (dragon) spacecraft, which was derived from the Tytorian Atlas (indeed, the variants view the Atlas spacecraft as the "Block I" variant).

Washi Spacecraft schematic

The Space Station Program would see its early beginnings with, as foreign news referred to it, the "LM Lab", whereby an Atlas Lunar Module was purchased by the DNSA and converted into a small, single-module man-tended space telescope capable of hosting crews for up to a month in orbit at a time. For the DNSA, however, this was known by a different name: The Ryū Solar Telescope. A series of three crews visited the telescope over the course of 1973 in preparation for what would be the nation's first actual space station in 1975.

Artist's conception of the RST

Following the RST, the DNSA launched the Kyūden space station in 1975. A monolithic station, it carried a mount derived from the previous telescope, allowing for the crew to make use of its hardware during their three-month stays in orbit. A monolithic station derived from the upper stage of the Tenjin V rocket originally designed to take Daitō to the moon, the Kyūden-type station, as the design came to be known, served as the basis of the next three stations to come, covering a period into the early 2020s. These three stations would see crews from multiple countries visit, not only Daitō, with the final of them, Kyūden IV, being most notable for this reason. Kyūden II and III have in particular come to be known as the "Interim Space Station" series, filling the role of Daitō's outpost among the stars until its first modular station, Kyūden IV. Nonetheless, all things had to come to an end at some point, and so too did the Kyūden-type of station fall out of favor, with the DNSA now looking to something far greater in the form of Shirotsuru.

Kyūden IV

From the 1980s onwards, Daitō has followed, albeit tentatively, the so-called "Integrated Program Plan", which has called for a gradual, albeit unified, effort by the DNSA to build up towards a mission to Nergal. This has included the aforementioned station program, set to be fully realized by Shirotsuru and its so-called "satellite station" in geostationary orbit, Kagaku. Furthermore, it has seen the agency perform research into both nuclear thermal rocketry and a proper shuttle program. Despite this, perhaps the most significant development so far relating to the program has been its landing of a crew on the moon in late 2021, with it planning, in concert with the rest of the CSTO, to expand operations beyond Mundus Orbit over the coming years, and indeed it may come to pass that one of the first boots to set foot on Nergal will be from the Empire of Daitō.
Launch Vehicles
Small-lift Launch Vehicles
First Launch
Payload to LMO
Payload to GTO
Payload to TLI
1800 kg
1200 kg
443 kg
Medium-lift Launch Vehicles
First Launch
Payload to LMO
Payload to GTO
Payload to TLI
10-15000 kg
6000 kg
2914 kg
6100 kg
2190 kg
Heavy-lift Launch Vehicles
First Launch
Payload to LMO
Payload to GTO
Payload to TLI
21680 kg
5760 kg
8164 kg
Tenjin IC
27707 kg
9100 kg
24500 kg
8000 kg
Super-Heavy-lift Launch Vehicles
First Launch
Payload to LMO
Payload to GTO
Payload to TLI
Tenjin MLV-V-U
140000 kg
60000 kg
40000 kg
Tenjin MLV-V-E
81600 kg
40000 kg
20400 kg

Manned & Unmanned Spacecraft
Crew Capacity
Ryū Block V
Manned Spacecraft
Low Mundus Orbit
Lunar Orbit
30 days (undocked)
365 days (docked)
Kōnotori II
Kōnotori IIT
Resupply Vessel
Orbital Tug
Low Mundus Orbit
Lunar Orbit (in theory)
30 days
200 days (docked to a station)
Manned Spacecraft
Low Mundus Orbit
Lunar Orbit
Interplanetary Space
26 days undocked
365 days docked
Space Stations
In Service
Kyūden I
13 April 1975 - 11 January 1976
Kyūden II
16 June 1977 - 16 August 1987
Kyūden III
3 April 1987 - 8 July 2001
Kyūden IV
3 July 2001 - 2 November 2021
11 March 2022 - NET 2046


Spoiler: show

Ryū Block V w/o Mission Module
Ryū is a manned spacecraft in use by the DNSA, as it has been since the early 70s with the cancellation of the Washi program. Known for its use of a mission module tucked within the Tenjin upper stage's payload fairing, it has, owing to its Atlas heritage, the capability of travelling to the moon and back, although this heritage is also a shortcoming, as it is, compared to more modern spacecraft, no capability of being reused. Primarily used for transfer to the Kyūden stations, its last form, the Ryū M, or Block V as is the technically correct name for the present iteration of the spacecraft, was built to facilitate such lunar missions owing to delays on the UHS spacecraft. Ryū will fly its last mission in early 2022, with the UHS being slated to replace it for all manned activities in orbit.

The Block V, much like previous variants of the Ryū spacecraft, is comprised of three major components. These are the Command Module, where the crew is positioned during launch and remains in during most maneuvers, the service module, which provides propulsion, life support, and power to the spacecraft as a whole, and the mission module, which carries supplies or equipment, depending on the mission, with missions to the Kyūden stations doubling as resupply missions alongside bringing up the next crew to it. The Block V spacecraft's biggest difference from previous versions was the inclusion of a pair of solar panels, as well as upgraded antennae and life support functionality. Like its predecessor, the Block IV, it carried a similar mission module capable of being fitted with, depending on which port it was docking to and the task it was fulfilling, either an IDA-compliant APAS-95 docking port or the indigenous Common Androgynous Docking System, or CADS, being fitted to the mission module.

Spoiler: show

The UHS is a biconic spacecraft set to replace the Ryū spacecraft. First flying in 2021 (with the exception of a boilerplate in late 2019), the spacecraft stands somewhere between a standard capsule and a spaceplane, owing to its biconic nature as well as its use of a paraglider and skids (or eventually, wheels) to land at a runway or on a dry lakebed, as deemed necessary. The UHS, colloquially known as the Mizuchi, is meant to be, save for the mission module, which is cheap to manufacture, fully reusable, although missions to the moon will feature an integrated service-mission module which will also be disposed. Much like its predecessor, the Mizuchi will be capable of making use of an IDA-compliant docking port or the CADS system, with a CADS port being used to join the spacecraft to its mission module during flight.

The UHS is planned to initially be made up of ten spacecraft, those being Tenryū (BCS-001), Inari (BCS-002), Shirotaka (BCS-003), Kōryū (BCS-004), and Seiryū (BCS-006), as well as a further five which have not been named at this time. The UHS spacecraft is designed to be able to remain docked to a station for a year at a time, allowing for the potential of longer missions than ever before, although in practice the maximum amount of time a spacecraft will be allowed will be eight months. The spacecraft could eventually also see use as a crew transfer vehicle to lunar orbit or limited use on a mission beyond, while docked to a larger vehicle, naturally. Due to its far simpler design than most reusable spacecraft on the market, those being the Hakken, Pathfinder, and Shuttle, the UHS features a far greater turnaround, being primarily limited by its booster, be it the Tenjin IC or the Tenjin MLV-V-O, with the latter in particular allowing for a turnaround time previously thought unheard of. Despite this, many suspect that Daitō may seek a shuttle of its own, one day, perhaps one of a far grander scale than any to come before.

Kōnotori II/IIH
Spoiler: show

The Kōnotori II spacecraft is a resupply vessel operated by the DNSA since 2013. Making use of the CADS docking system, it features two variants, those being the standard Kōnotori II and the Kōnotori IIH tug, the latter of which lacks the pressurized and unpressurized segments, instead being solely the propulsion and command modules and allowing for it to carry components to space stations. So far, this IIH variant has flown once, where it docked to the Kyūden IV space station and sent it on its trajectory to reenter Mundus's atmosphere. Like the Ryū and UHS spacecraft, the Kōnotori II is built to be capable of going to lunar orbit, although in practice it has never done so.

Spoiler: show

The Lunar Surface Access Module, or LSAM, is a crewed lander built for the Daitōjin lunar program. Although not of a fully reusable design, the LSAM is capable, in theory, of being fitted with a new descent module at a hypothetical lunar station, provided that its ascent module is refueled. The lander's descent module was built, although no plans presently exist for it to be used in such a role, to be converted on the lunar surface into a module for a hypothetical outpost or full-scale base. A cargo variant, the LSAM-C, is presently being developed, being planned to be launched ahead of a mission to the lunar surface in late 2022 with a pressurized rover.

Spoiler: show

Shirotsuru is Daitō's replacement for Kyūden IV and the DNSA's answer to the Rokkenjiman Space Station Adora. Featuring a pressurized volume nearly three times that of Kyūden III, it makes use of the latest technologies to provide such a vast amount of space within a mere three launches, with two additional ones being necessary to put up the station's vast solar "wings". Its baseline configuration is meant to be launched over the course of 2022, with the first module, the relatively (by the standards of the station) small Chiheisen module set to launch in March of 2022 alongside its first permanent crew, which will launch three days later. The other modules, Koshiba and Sōsei, will launch in June and August respectively, with the truss segments launching in April and July.

Shirotsuru will undoubtedly feature segments launched by foreign agencies, serving as the backbone of a larger International Space Station. However, unlike previous stations, Shirotsuru's "end of life" is not set at its decommissioning or deorbit, but rather at the point when the station's original modules will have likely been completely replaced in orbit. Indeed, Shirotsuru, by the standards of a space station, will likely never truly be replaced, in a sense being like the original ship of Theseus, replaced piece by piece until nothing original remains. This approach will mean that, unless some great calamity happens, Daitō will maintain a presence among the stars indefinitely.

Shirotsuru will, in time, serve as a sort of base camp for smaller stations within Mundus's Sphere of Influence and in orbit around the Moon, with it being planned at a minimum for a station to be built in Geostationary Orbit in time. Whether that station will be built by the DNSA or by one of its international partners, government or commercial, remains to be seen, but many suspect that crews from around the world may occasionally visit the station during their missions, as will crews aboard the station likely visit foreign stations themselves.

Spoiler: show
The venerable Tenjin rocket family traces its roots to the 1960s with the Atlas rocket family which was set to take Tytor to the moon. However, it found a second life, once the program was first cancelled, in service with the DNSA, who used a licensed version of the rocket to launch its first space stations. Over time, these rockets underwent upgrades and modifications, with the most notable so far being the partially reusable stage-and-a-half of the Tenjin MLV-V-U and E. Future variants will include the reusable first stage of the Tenjin MLV-V-O and the titan that is the MLV-V-Ka, which will be capable of lifting nearly 300 metric tons to LMO.

Tomonaga Space Telescope
Spoiler: show

Launched in 2015, the Tomonaga Space Telescope, or TST, was the largest Space Telescope launched until the Oracle Space Telescope (OST) in 2022. Similarly to the OST, Tomunaga is an infrared space telescope, albeit smaller, in space at Mundus-Sol L2. It is expected to conclude its mission in 2025, at which point it will be moved into a heliocentric orbit so as to ensure the safety of future missions to L2.

Ryū Solar Telescope
Spoiler: show

The Ryū Solar Telescope, or RST, was a man-tended space telescope operated in 1973 with the purpose of testing technologies for the future Kyūden I space station. It remains, to this day, the only man-tended space telescope to have been operated, with it burning up in 1974. The telescope was derived from the Atlas Lunar Module, and an evolution of the design was adapted for Kyūden I.

Kyūden I
Spoiler: show

Kyūden I was the DNSA's first proper space station. Launched in 1975, it was crewed by three missions over the course of that year, during which time much research was performed on how the human body adapted to a microgravity environment. The station was, however, abandoned after the third mission due to the station's inability to be resupplied. Its successor, Kyūden II, would be capable of resupply, however, and was launched the year afterwards.

Kyūden II
Spoiler: show

Kyūden II was Daitō's second space station, operating from 1977 until 1987 as part of the Interim Space Station program which also included its successor. These stations, which were identical save for the technology used onboard, would serve as the building blocks for the Kyūden IV modular space station.

Kyūden III
Spoiler: show[/img]
Kyūden III was Daitō's third space station, operating from 1987 until 2001 as part of the Interim Space Station program which also included its predecessor. These stations, which were identical save for the technology used onboard, would serve as the building blocks for the Kyūden IV modular space station. Kyūden III saw limited expansion in the form of the Kyūden Telescope Module, an evolution of the RST.

Kyūden IV
Spoiler: show

Kyūden IV was Daitō's fourth space station, as well as the final station to use the Kyūden core module as its basis. Featured prominently in the IMAX documentary, Uchū Kichi, the station served as a testbed for technologies that would go on to be used aboard Shirotsuru. It was the DNSA's longest-serving space station, having survived just over twenty years in orbit.

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Taka was Daito's first manned spacecraft, capable of carrying two crew members on missions up to two weeks, although only one mission ever lasted that long. It flew from 1965 until 1968, with its last two missions featuring a joint EVA by members of the crew.

Spoiler: show

Washi was a spacecraft briefly used by the DNSA from 1969 until 1973, during which time the DNSA made its first manned lunar flyby.
« Last Edit: January 28, 2022, 08:22:00 PM by Daitō »

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Re: Civil Factbook of the Empire of Arashkai
« Reply #20 on: August 11, 2021, 08:25:38 PM »
Daitōjin Currency

The Mon (₯) is the currency of the Empire of Daitō that has been in use since the 1880s. It's full name is the Daitōjin Mon or alternatively the Daitōan Mon, though the former is more common (though nowhere near as common as just calling it the Mon). It is divided into two forms, the titular Mon and the Sen, which is valued at 1/100th of a Mon and equivalent to the cent found in other currencies. It is, as of 2021, valued at ₯80 per $1 USD. Below are various forms of the currency:
Currently-circulating coins
Currently-circulating Banknotes
Main Color
150 x 76mm
154 x 76mm
156 x 76mm
160 x 76mm

Daitō formerly made use of smaller Mon and Sen banknotes, though they (and the Sen banknotes as a whole) were discontinued in the 1970s. The currency is issued by the Bank of Daitō (大東銀行, Daitō Ginko, BOD), a bureau of the Treasury Ministry.
« Last Edit: September 15, 2021, 07:46:05 AM by Daitō »

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Re: Civil Factbook of the Empire of Arashkai
« Reply #21 on: August 13, 2021, 05:38:09 AM »
Mainland Daitō

Pictured: The Northern Akaishi mountains
   Daitō (大東; "Great Eastern Country"), also known as Akitsukuni (秋津國, "Autumn Harbor Country"), is a region in Northeastern Ardia which borders Cassiopeia to the west, Rokkenjima to the south, and the Kynean and Dauntelan seas to the North and East. Covering an estimated area of 228,297 kilometers, it is 1,876.9 kilometers from east to west and 1,414.5 kilometers from north to south. It's most populous city, Ashina, has a metropolitan population of 32,763,000 and a population within the city-proper of 19,771,365 according to the last census. The region is known for it's hilly terrain and is bound by the Idai mountains to the south and west; these mountains have served to defend the residents therein from attack on the continent for millennia, with only a few ever truly breaching it.
Pictured: Mount Idaina
   While the term "Idai Range" refers to all of the mountains that run along the west and south of Daitō, the mountain range is technically divided into two, those being the Akaishi mountains in the West and the Kunan in the south. The mountains were formed as a result of the subcontinent colliding with Ardia around 28 million years ago. The highest peak, Mount Idaina (偉大な山, Idainayama), as pictured above, stands at 7,852 meters and is one of the tallest mountains on the continent. Mount Idaina is seen by the Daitōjin as one of the holiest sites in the Teidō faith, being where Ninigi-no-Mikoto, the ancestor of Shin'ō Tennō, first descended to Mundus from the heavens with mandate to rule over man.
Pictured: Kitagishima Island, Lake Mutsu
   Despite being between 1,890.5 and 3,903.3 km south of the equator, Daitō's climate is, due to a variety of factors ranging from ocean currents and the jet stream to the nation's higher than average elevation and wetter climate, far cooler than would be expected at its latitude. On average, the coasts see higher precipitation than inland regions save for around Lake Mutsu and in the mountains. Rainfall across the region regularly sees more than 900mm each year. Generally speaking, Daitō's climate ranges on the Kφppen-Geiger climate classification system between a Dfb (Cold, no dry season, warm summer) in the south of the country to a Cfa (Temperate, no dry season, hot summer) in the north. The peaks of the Idai mountains are often classified as a Dfc (Cold, no dry season, cold summer) on this scale as well. While snowfall is common in winter in most of the country, the further north you go, the less common it becomes and the less likely it is to stick. Regardless of this, it will still snow as far north as Ashina several times each winter.
Spoiler: Regional map • show

Spoiler: Topographic map • show

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Re: Civil Factbook of the Empire of Daitō
« Reply #22 on: August 19, 2021, 05:25:57 PM »

« Last Edit: September 19, 2021, 11:32:33 AM by Daitō »

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Re: Civil Factbook of the Empire of Daitō
« Reply #23 on: August 19, 2021, 05:59:05 PM »
Landmarks of Daitō

The following is a list of major landmarks within Daitō and her overseas territories, as well as a bit of information regarding these sites.
Imperial Residences

Shinkyō Imperial Palace

An Entrance to the Imperial Palace
The Shinkyō Imperial Palace, more typically referred to as just "the Imperial Palace", is the primary residence of the Emperor of Daitō and his or her family. It has been used in this role since the late 1400s with the moving of the capital from Tenkyō to the city of Shinkyō. Since then, it has undergone several expansions and renovations, with the last one occurring in the early 90s. The total area of the palace including its gardens is approximately 1.15 square kilometers and was, in the 1980s, valued by some as more than the value of all the real estate in Centralia combined.
Spoiler: Maps • show

Pictured: Map of the Kyūden (Main Palace, Provided by the Grand Secretariat of the Imperial Household Agency, c.2019)

Pictured: Map of the Imperial Palace Grounds

Tenkyō Imperial Palace

The Shishinden of the Tenkyō Imperial Palace
The Tenkyō Imperial Palace is the older of the two main Imperial Palaces, having existed in its current form since the 11th century. It was in this palace that the Heiwa Emperor, who unified Daitō, ruled, and where the Emperors from him until as recently as Emperor Kunan were enthroned. Today, while the Emperor's time is spent between various palaces, he does make an effort to spend some time each year at this historically significant site. Previous palaces are known to have existed in the region as well, dating as far back as the Empire itself.
Spoiler: Images • show

Overhead view of the Tenkyō Imperial Palace, c.1982

Enthronement of Emperor Kunan, c.1932

Replica of the Celestial Throne in the Shishinden

Toshima Imperial Villa
The Imperial Villa at Toshima is a summer retreat for members of the Imperial Family. Beginning construction in 1953 and completing in 1960, it appears to follow a modernist architectural style, although some elements of it seem inspired by the earlier art deco style. Located just off the coast of the Onsen resort town of Toshima, just off the coast of the Kitami circuit, its centrally-located position within the town's harbor makes it an impressive landmark for the locals, with its striking architecture making it instantly recognizable to those who live there. Covering much of the promontory on which it is built, the villa represents, in many ways, a claim to authority over both man and nature. Flouting the forces of both sea and sky, the building defiantly repels both the ocean's crashing waves and the wind's furious gale. Despite this, it also dominates the surrounding town, with it providing panoramic views of Toshima.

The Imperial Villa at Toshima, c.1963
Despite being an Imperial villa, the palace has become something of a tourist attraction in modern times, with guided tours being offered of much of the palace when not in use by a member of the Imperial Family.
Other Residences


"The Call to Arms"
The Call to Arms is a statue ensemble overlooking the city of Awara from upon the Atago promontory. Like its sister in Volhynia, which was built to commemorate the efforts to resist Samantran forces in the territory, the statue was designed by Rusyn architect and sculptor Viacheslav Holovaty in 1960 and completed in 1970 to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the end of the Great War. Built in a style of realism common to the architect's homeland at the time, the statue stands at 85 meters high and was, at the time of its completion, the tallest statue in the world.

The Call to Arms is highly complex from an engineering point of view, owing to its characteristic posture with a sword raised in one hand and the other arm outstretched in a calling gesture. The structure itself is hollow, with the technology behind it being a combination of prestressed concrete with wire ropes. Inside, the entire statue consists of separate cells or chambers, like rooms in a building. The concrete walls of the sculpture are 25–30 cm (9.8–11.8 in) thick. The sword itself is made of stainless steel, although it was originally stainless steel with titanium trimmings. This original sword had to be replaced six years after construction owing to it swinging under excessive wind loads.

The Call to Arms, Awara


« Last Edit: February 19, 2022, 09:53:25 AM by Daitō »

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Re: Civil Factbook of the Empire of Daitō
« Reply #24 on: August 21, 2021, 11:22:17 PM »
Orders, Decorations, and Medals of Daitō

The Daitōjin Honours System originated in the 1870s, following the end of the Ardo-Daitōjin war of 1868. It was modeled off of occidental honour systems, though certain native honours still exist in one form or another. The following are these orders, decorations, and medals.
Current Orders
Spoiler: show
   • Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum — Established in 1877 as the premier collar of the Empire of Daitō; originally in one class (Grand Cordon) before being expanded to two classes (Collar; Grand Cordon) in 1886
      • Collar — The highest possible honour that may be conferred. The Collar is only ever worn by the reigning Emperor and is normally only awarded to foreign monarchs as a courtesy. Before 1958, the Collar was also conferred upon extremely influential Cabinet members, senior members of the Imperial Family, and certain senior military officers who held the rank of Marshal. It can be awarded posthumously to extremely distinguished Prime Ministers of Daitō.
      • Grand Cordon — Typically conferred upon royals of the Imperial House of Daitō, foreign royalty who are not reigning monarchs, certain foreign non-royal Heads of State, and select Daitōjin Prime Ministers. Until 1958, the Grand Cordon was often conferred upon eminent military officers of the rank of Marshal. It is often conferred posthumously.
   • Order of the Paulownia Flowers — Ordinarily the highest regularly awarded honour, the Order of the Paulownia Flowers is conferred in a single class (Grand Cordon); typically, it is awarded to Daitōjin Prime Ministers, senior statesmen, select foreign heads of state, distinguished cabinet members, and jurists. Until 1958, it was also awarded to distinguished military officers of the rank of General or higher, or its equivalents.
   • Order of the Rising Sun — Established in 1872, it was Daitō's first order. It was, until 2005, awarded in nine classes, though only six are awarded now. It is awarded to foreign heads of government, chairpersons of prominent international organizations and leading politicians, business leaders, diplomats, prominent academics, and military officers. They are often awarded to individuals who have made a significant contribution to Daitō in varying degrees.
      • 1st Class — Grand Cordon
      • 2nd Class — Gold and Silver Star
      • 3rd Class — Gold Rays and Neck Ribbon
      • 4th Class — Gold Rays and Rosette
      • 5th Class — Gold and Silver Rays
      • 6th Class — Silver Rays
   • Order of the Sacred Treasures — Established in 1892 as the Imperial Order of Keiyo (and frequently referred to as such). The Order of the Sacred Treasures has been awarded to civil servants for their long-term contributions. They include government and local officials, military personnel, scholars of national universities, and school teachers. For example, the former Gensui-Rikugun-Taishō of the Imperial Army is awarded the Grand Cordon upon turning 70 years of age.
      • 1st Class — Grand Cordon
      • 2nd Class — Gold and Silver Star
      • 3rd Class — Gold Rays and Neck Ribbon
      • 4th Class — Gold Rays with Rosette
      • 5th Class — Gold and Silver Rays
      • 6th Class — Silver Rays
   • Order of Culture — Established in 1946 as a single-class order of merit to honour those who have made outstanding contributions to Daitōjin culture.
   • Order of the Celestial Throne — Established in 1889 as an honour for foreigners who were not eligible for a higher honour, it was subsequently converted into a de-facto women's version of the Order of the Rising Sun. In 2001, with the opening of the Order of the Rising Sun to Daitōjin women, the order was only awarded to foreign women.
      • 1st Class — Grand Cordon
      • 2nd Class — Peony Class
      • 3rd Class — Butterfly Class
      • 4th Class — Wisteria Class
      • 5th Class — Apricot Class
      • 6th Class — Ripple Class
   • Order of the Golden Kite — A purely military award, the Order of the Golden Kite was established in 1890 and is the military equivalent to the Order of the Paulownia Flowers. It initially had seven ranks, though the seventh was dropped in 2001.
      • 1st Class — Grand Cordon
      • 2nd Class — Gold and Silver Star
      • 3rd Class — Gold Rays and Neck Ribbon
      • 4th Class — Gold Rays with Rosette
      • 5th Class — Gold and Silver Rays
      • 6th Class — Silver Rays
   • Medals of Honour —
      • Medal with Red Ribbon — Awarded to individuals who have risked their own lives to save others.
      • Medal with Green Ribbon — Awarded to morally remarkable individuals who have actively taken part in serving society.
      • Medal with Yellow Ribbon — Awarded to individuals who, through their diligence and perseverance, became public role models.
      • Medal with Purple Ribbon — Awarded to individuals who have contributed to academic and artistic developments, improvements, and accomplishments.
      • Medal with Blue Ribbon — Awarded to individuals who have made prosperous efforts in the areas of public welfare and education.
      • Medal with Dark Blue Ribbon — Awarded to individuals who have made exceptionally generous financial contributions for the good of the public.

Criteria for Awards (Daitōjin Nationals)
Spoiler: show
   • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Chrysanthemum — The highest conferred honour; for exceptional merit.
   • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Paulownia Flowers — For an exemplary and distinguished level of merit.
   • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun — For highly distinguished national and/or public service.
   • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Sacred Treasure — For long and distinguished public service.
   • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Golden Kite — For long and distinguished military service.
   • Second through Sixth classes of the Order of the Rising Sun — For those cited for outstanding achievement.
   • Second through Sixth classes of the Order of the Sacred Treasure — For long and distinguished public service.
   • Order of Culture — For particularly significant achievements in regards to the furthering of cultural development.

Ribbon bars
Order of the Chrysanthemum


Grand Cordon

Ribbon Bar
Order of the Paulownia Flowers

Ribbon Bar
Order of the Rising Sun

Grand Cordon

2nd Class

3rd Class

4th Class

5th Class

6th Class

Ribbon Bar
Order of the Sacred Treasures

Grand Cordon

2nd Class

3rd Class

4th Class

5th Class

6th Class

Ribbon Bar
Order of Culture

Ribbon of the Order
Order of the Celestial Throne






Order of the Golden Kite

Grand Cordon

2nd Class

3rd Class

4th Class

5th Class

6th Class

7th Class

Ribbon Bar
« Last Edit: August 22, 2021, 10:13:23 PM by Daitō »

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Re: Civil Factbook of the Empire of Daitō
« Reply #25 on: August 22, 2021, 07:00:41 PM »
The Kazoku

The Kazoku (華族, "Magnificent/Exalted lineage") is the hereditary peerage of the Empire of Daitō which has existed since 1871. They succeeded the remnants of the old feudal lords (who still exist as the "Monbatsu"), or daimyo, and court nobles, or kuge. They are frequently members of the House of Peers, though, like the rest of the Imperial Diet, they currently serve largely in an advisory role to the Emperor.

Ranks of the Kazoku
There are six ranks within the Kazoku system, established to replace the older systems in place and streamline them. They, as well as their equivalents, are as follows:
   1. Taikō (大公) - Grand Duke
   2. Kōshaku (公爵) - Prince
   3. Kōshaku (侯爵) - Marquess
   4. Hakushaku (伯爵) - Count
   5. Shishaku (子爵) - Viscount
   6. Danshaku (男爵) - Baron

The position of Taikō (not to be confused with the similarly-spelled Taiko drum) is the highest rank of the Kazoku system, held only by six individuals in Daitō at a time. These individuals are the ceremonial rulers of the regions of Ishikari, Teshio, Hidaka, Sagami, Tsukishima, and Styria, though the last of them does not use the Daitōjin term. Notably, Kitami, being the seat of the Heavenly Sovereign, does not have a Taikō.

The rank of Kōshaku is the second highest rank, being translated to both "Prince" and "Duke". Despite this translation, it does not correspond with the common understanding of the role of a prince, that being a member of a monarch's family, but rather as a ruler in its own right (though of course, it lacks any actual authority in that regard).
« Last Edit: September 19, 2021, 11:32:50 AM by Daitō »

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Re: Civil Factbook of the Empire of Daitō
« Reply #26 on: August 25, 2021, 05:00:04 AM »
Daitōjin Calendar

The Daitōjin calendar refers to the co-official calender used within the Empire of Daitō. At present, Daitō uses both the Gregorian calendar and its traditional one, with efforts to blend the two having been undertaken. As a result, for example, July 25th, 2011 can be written as 14時代2631年6月25日, 14時代2011年7月25日, or 14時代2011年6月25日. In this context, 年 reads nen and means "year", 時代 reads jidai and means "era" or "age", 月 reads gatsu and means "month", and finally 日 reads nichi and means "day".

Prior to the introduction of the Gregorian Calendar in the 1890s, the year listed would be equivalent to the years since the beginning of the reign of the legendary Shin'ō Tennō.
Spoiler: Fukugen Calendar • show

Fukugen Calendar published in 1729 by the Mito Grand Shrine
The Fukugen Calendar (復元暦, Fukugen-reki) was a Daitōjin lunisolar calendar in use from 1682 to 1756 in its original form and still in use today in a modified form. It was formally adopted in 1683.

The Fukugen-reki system was developed and explained by the scholar and astronomer Shizuki Yoshitoki, who recognized that the length of the solar year is 365.2417 days. Shizuki discovered errors in the traditional calendar, the Ninmyō calendar, which had been in use for nearly eight-hundred years. The calendar, while undergoing several alterations over time, has remained in use into the modern day.

The Daitōjin calendar as it is known in the modern day traces its roots within the traditional calendars of central Ardia that were introduced through frequent contact and trade between the powers there and the east. The first calendar that can definitively be traced to this link comes from the fifth century, being introduced to Daitō from what is now modern-day Lijiang and Jiayuan through Juhi in the late-fifth to mid-sixth centuries. After that point, Daitō calculated its calendar using Sinitic procedures, and from 1682, using Daitōjin variations of Sintic procedures. In 1899, with the adoption of the eponymous 1899 Constitution, the Imperial Government would make the Gregorian calendar co-official within the Empire, but despite this, the Daitōjin calendar remains the preferred system to this day.

Daitō has had more than one system for designating years, including:
   • The Sinitic sexagenary cycle, which was introduced into Daitō during the 6th century. It was often used together with era names, as shown in the above 1729 calendar published by the Mito Grand Shrine. This system fell out of use with the adoption of the Fukugen calendar outside of religious functions before largely being dropped entirely. Today, it is largely used around the New Year and rarely anywhere else.
   • The era name (元号, nengō) system was also introduced from central Ardia and has been in continuous use since the 7th century. Since the accession of Go-Kaiyō Tennō in 1843, each emperor's reign has begun a new era, ending the era of the previous emperor. This system was retroactively applied to all emperors, whose last era name (which was also their posthumous name) would be used for their era. Nengō are the official means of dating years in Daitō, and virtually all government business is conducted using that system. It is also in general use in private and personal business.
   • The Daitōjin Imperial Year (皇紀, kōki, or 紀元, kigen) is based on the date of the legendary founding of Daitō by Emperor Shin'ō in 620 BC. It was first used in the official calendar in 1871, however, it never replaced era names.
   • The Occidental Common Era (Anno Domini) (西暦, seireki) system was adopted in 1899, however, it is only infrequently used in the modern day outside of dealings with foreign powers.

Official Calendar
The official dating system known as nengō has been in use since the 7th century. Years are numbered within regnal eras, which are named by the reigning Emperor. Beginning with Emperor Go-Kaiyō (1843 - 1871), each reign has been one era, but many earlier Emperors decreed a new era upon any major event; the last pre-Go-Kaiyō Emperor's reign was divided into four eras, being changed on a seven-year cycle starting with the new year. The nengō system remains in wide use, especially on official documents and government forms.

The Imperial Year system (kōki) has been in use since 1871, when the new Emperor, Keiyo Tennō, proposed it. Usage of kōki dating can be seen as a nationalist signal, pointing out that the history of Daitō's Imperial Family is longer than that of Christianity, the basis of the Anno Domini (AD) system. Kōki 2600, or 1980, was an especially special year in the calendar, with celebrations occurring throughout the year and major events including the Ashina Expo occurring as anniversary events.

The law determining the placement of leap years is officially based on the kōki years, using a formula effectively equivalent to that of the Gregorian calendar. If the kōki year number is evenly divisible by four, it is a leap year, unless the number minus 620 is evenly divisible by 100 and not by 400. Thus, for example, the year Kōki 2520, or 1900, is divisbile by 4; but 2520-620 = 1900, which is evenly divisible by 100 but not 400, so kōki 2520 was not a leap year, just as in most of the world.

The present era, Go-Tenshi, commonly referred to as simply "Tenshi" in official documents, formally began on 28 August, 2020. The name of the new era was decided up on by the Daitōjin government in July of that year, though due to some potential issues was delayed from being released until the new year. The previous era, Antei, came to an end on 27 August, the day before the previous Emperor abdicated the throne.
English Name
Daitōjin Name
Traditional Dates
5 February - 6 May
7 May - 8 August
9 August - 7 November
8 November - 4 February
While there was a proposal to rename the months on the calendar to effectively be just "number + month", it was never adopted. Rather, the Daitōjin calendar still makes use of its traditional names for the months. It should be noted that while the English names for the months are provided, they are less directly the same months and more equivalents due to the nature of the calendar.
Daitōjin Name
English Name
Translation and Notes
睦月 (Mutsuki)
"Month of Love" or "Month of Affection"
如月 (Kisaragi)
"Changing Clothes"
Refers to the changing temperatures
弥生 (Yayoi)
"New Life"
卯月 (Uzuki)
"u-no-hana month"
The u-no-hana is a flower of the genus Deutzia.
"Early-rice-planting Month"
"Month of Water"
The 無 character, which normally means "absent", is ateji here and is only used for the na sound.
文月 (Fumizuki)
"Month of Erudition"
"Month of Leaves"
長月 (Nagatsuki)
"The Long Month"
(Kannazuki or Kaminazuki)
"Month of the Gods".
The 無, which normally means "absent", was probably originally used as ateji. It still is around the Oshima Grand Shrine, where this name is used. Outside the Oshima province,
the name of the month is "Kannazuki" instead of "Kaminazuki", which means "Month without Gods". Due to false etymology, this is interpreted to mean that all Teidō Kami gather
at Oshima Shrine, thus meaning that there are no gods in the rest of the country. Thus, in Oshima province, the name means "Month with Gods".
霜月 (Shimotsuki)
"Month of Frost"
師走 (Shiwasu)
"Priests Running"
Refers to priests being busy at the end of the year for New Year's preparations and blessings.
Subdivisions of the month
Daitō uses a seven-day week, aligned with the Occidental calendar. The seven-day week, with names for the days corresponding to the Ardian system, was brought to Daitō around AD 730 with the Buddhist calendar. While the religion failed to make a foothold, the system remained in place. The system was used for astrological purposes and little else until the 1870s.

In a similar manner to the English names for days coming from the Ardian names (based on what the Ardians considered the seven visible planets, meaning the five visible planets and the sun and moon), in Daitō and other parts of Eastern and Central Ardia with several exceptions, the five visible planets are named after the five Sintic elements (metal, wood, water, fire, earth).
Element (Planet)
English Name
Fire (Mars/Nergal)
Water (Mercury/Nabu)
Wood (Jupiter/Marduk)
Metal (Venus/Ishtar)
Earth (Saturn/Ninurta)

Sunday and Monday are regarded as "Western style take-a-rest days". Since the late 19th century, Sunday has been regarded as a "full-time holiday" and saturday a "half-time holiday". These "holidays" have no religious meaning (except for those who belive in Christianity and Judaism). Many Daitōjin retailers do not close on Saturdays or Sundays; this is because many office workers and their families are expected to visit the shops during the weekend.

Daitōjin people also use 10-day periods called jun (旬). Each month is divided into two 10-day periods and a third with remaining 8 to 11 days.
   • The first (from the 1st to 10th) is jōjun (上旬, upper jun)
   • The second (from the 11th to 20th) is chūjun (中旬, middle jun).
   • The last (from the 21st to the end of the month) is gejun (下旬, lower jun).
These are frequently used to indicate approximate times in either a vague sense or as an allusion to a particular part of that period of time.
Days of the Month
Each day of the month has a semi-systematic name. The days generally use kun (native Daitōjin) numeral readings up to ten, and thereafter on (Sinitic-derived) readings, but there are some irregularities. The following table shows dates written in traditional numerals, though the usage of standard numerals occasionally appears as well.
National Holidays
The following table lists the various national holidays of Daitō:
English Name
Official Name
First New Moon
of the Year
New Years Day
Second Monday
of January
Coming of Age
Seijin no Hi
19 January
The Emperor's Birthday
Tennō Tanjōbi
11 February
Festival of the Accession of the
First Emperor and the Foundation
of the Empire
Around 20 March
Vernal Prayer
Shunki kōrei-sai
17 April
Armed Forces Day
4 June
Keiyo Day
Beginning of Golden Week
Keiyo no Hi
9 June
Greenery Day
Midori no Hi
10 June
Children's Day
Kodomo no Hi
11 June
Citizen's Holiday
Kokumin no Kyūjitsu
Third Monday
of July
Marine Day
Umi no Hi
11 August
Mountain Day
Yama no Hi
Third Monday
of September
Respect for the
Aged Day
Keirō no Hi
Around 23 September
Autumnal Prayer
Shū-ki Kōreisai
Second Monday
of October
Health and Sports
Taiiku no Hi
3 November
Culture Day
Bunka no Hi
11 November
Rememberance Day
Shōri no hi
23 November
Harvest Day
17 December
Chancellor Heishi Day
Shushō heishi no hi
Day before
First New Moon
of January
New Years Eve
Seasonal Days
Some days in Daitō have special names to mark the change in seasons. The 24 sekki (Daitō: 二十四節気, ardiji: nijūshi sekki) are days that divide the solar year into four equal sections. Zassetsu (雑節) is a collective term for the seasonal days other than the 24 sekki. 72 (七十二候, Shichijūni kō)are made from dividing the 24 sekki of a year further by three.
Spoiler: The 24 sekki • show
   • Risshun (立春): 4 February - Beginning of spring
   • Usui (雨水): 19 February - Rain water
   • Keichitsu (啓蟄): 5 March - Awakening of hibernated (insects)
   • Shunbun (春分): 20 March - Vernal equinox, middle of spring
   • Seimei (清明): 5 April - Clear and bright
   • Kokuu (穀雨): 20 April - Grain rain
   • Rikka (立夏): 5 May - Beginning of summer
   • Shōman (小満): 21 May - Grain full
   • Bōshu (芒種): 6 June - Grain in ear
   • Geshi (夏至): 21 June - Summer solstice, middle of summer
   • Shōsho (小暑): 7 July - Small heat
   • Taisho (大暑): 23 July - Large heat
   • Risshū (立秋): 7 August - Beginning of autumn
   • Shosho (処暑): 23 August - Limit of heat
   • Hakuro (白露): 7 September - White dew
   • Shūnbun (秋分): 23 September - Autumnal equinox, middle of autumn
   • Kanro (寒露): 8 October - Cold dew
   • Sōkō (霜降): 23 October - Frost descent
   • Rittō (立冬): 7 November - Beginning of winter
   • Shōsetsu (小雪): 22 November - Small snow
   • Taisetsu (大雪): 7 December - Large snow
   • Tōji (冬至): 22 December - Winter solstice, middle of winter
   • Shōkan (小寒): 5 January - Small Cold; or Kan no iri (寒の入り)—Entrance of the cold
   • Daikan (大寒): 20 January - Major cold

Note: for further reading, I recommend the following article: Japanese Calendar as it proved invaluable for making this page. It has far more detail, while unchanged for the context of Mundus, than I could provide here.
« Last Edit: August 29, 2021, 07:16:40 AM by Daitō »

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Re: Civil Factbook of the Empire of Daitō
« Reply #27 on: August 25, 2021, 08:44:05 AM »
National Holidays of Daitō, Part One

Daitōjin New Years
First New Moon of the Year

Spoiler: Daitōjin New Year • show
The Daitōjin New Year (四方拝, Shihō-hai) is an annual festival with its own customs. It is held on the first New Moon of January on the Gregorian calendar. It is not, despite a few believing otherwise, held on the first day of the Gregorian Calendar, which is not usually a holiday.

Traditional Food
The Daitōjin eat a selection of dishes during the New Year celebration called osechi-ryōri, typically shortened to osechi. Many of these dishes are sweet, sour, or dried, so that they can keep without refrigeration: the culinary traditions date to a time before households had refrigerators and when most stores closed for the holidays. There are many variations of osechi, and some foods eaten in other places (or even considered inauspicious or banned) on New Years Day. Another popular dish is ozōni, a soup with mochi rice cake and ingredients which differ in various regions of Daitō. It is also common to eat buckwheat noodles caleld toshikoshi soba on ōmisoka (New Years Eve). Today, sashimi and sushi are often eaten as well as non-Daitōjin foods. In order to let the overworked stomach rest, seven-herb rice soup is prepared on the seventh day after New Years Day, a day known as jinjitsu.

Another custom is to create and eat rice cakes known as mochi. Steamed sticky rice, or mochigome, is put into a wooden container called an usuand patted with water by one person while another hits it with a large wooden mallet. Mashing the rice, it forms a sticky white dumpling. This is made before New Year's and is eaten during the beginning of the year.

Mochi is made into a New Year's decoration called kagami mochi, formed from two round cakes of mochi with a tangerine (daidai) placed on top. The name daidai is supposed to be auspicious as it means "several generations".

The end of December and beginning of January on the Gregorian calendar is the busiest period of time for Daitōjin post offices. The Daitōjin have a custom of sending New Year's Postcards (年賀状, nengajō) to their friends and relatives, similar to the Occidental custom of sending Christmas cards. The original purpose was to give faraway friends and relatives news about oneself and their immediate family, often to tell those whom they did not often meet that they were alive and well.

Sending these cards is timed so that they arrive on the New Year. The post offices will guarantee delivery on that day if the cards are marked with the word nengajō and mailed from mid-december until a few days before the end of the year. To deliver them on time, the post office often hires students part-time.

It is tradition to refrain from sending a postcard when there has been a death in the family during that year. In this case, a family member sends a simple mourning postcard to inform friends and family that they should not send New Year's cards, out of respect for the deceased.

People often get their nengajō from various different sources. Stationers sell pre-printed cards. Most of these will have the Sinitic zodiac sign of the New Year as their design, conventional greetings, or both. the Sinitic zodiac has a cycle of 12 years. Each year is represented by an animal, with them being the following in order: the Rat, the Ox, the Tiger, the Rabbit, the Dragon, the Snake, the Horse, the Goat, the Monkey, the Rooster, the Dog, and the Pig. Famous anthropomorphic characters have seen heightened popularity during the years they are associated with.

Addressing is, generally speaking, done by hand, and is seen as an opportunity for an individual to demonstrate their handwriting. Postcards will usually have spaces for the sender to write a personal message. Blank cards are also available so that people can hand-write or draw their own cards. Rubber stamps with conventional messages and the annual animal are sold at department stores leading up to the New Years season, and many individuals will buy their own ink brushes for personal greetings. Special printing devices have, since the 90s, become popular, especially among those who practice crafts. In modern times, computer software allows for artists to create and print their own designs. Despite the omnipresence of email, the nengajō remains very popular, although the younger generation sends fewer cards than their predecessors. Rather, they prefer to exchange digital greetings via mobile phones, a practice which has gradually been accepted by society at large.

On New Years, Daitōjin people have a custom known as otoshidama, where adult relatives give money to children. It is handed out in small, decorated envelopes called pochibukuro, similar to Shūgi-bukuro and the Sinitic hσngbāo. In the Pre-Constitutional period, large stores and wealthy families would give out a small bag of mochi and a mandarin orange to "spread happiness all around". The amount of money given depends on the age of the child, but is usually the same if there is more than one child in order to avoid offending anyone. It is not uncommon for more than ₯4,000 (approximately US$50) to be given.

The New Year traditions are partially linked with poetry, including haiku (poems with 17 syllables consisting of lines of five, seven and five) and renga (linked poetry). All traditions above would be considered appropriate to include in haiku as kigo (season words). There are also haiku that celebrate the "first" of the New Year, such as the "first sun" (hatsuhi), "first laughter" (waraizome), and "first dream" (hatsuyume).

Along with the New Year's Day postcard, haiku might mention "first letter" (hatsudayori), "first calligraphy" (kakizome), and "first brush" (fude hajime).

It is customary to play many games on New Years. These include but are not limited to: hanetsuki, takoage (kite flying), koma (spinning top), sugoroku, fukuwarai, and karuta.

There are many shows created as the end-of-the-year and beginning-of-year entertainment, with some being a special edition of a regular show. For many decades, it has been customary to watch the popular TV show "Tansei Uta Gassen", which is aired on the national broadcast service, Daitō Hōsō Kyōkai (DHK) on New Year's Eve. The show features two teams, red and blue, made up of popular musicians who compete against each other.

The Final match of the Emperor's Cup, the national association football elimination tournament, occurs on New Year's Day. The finale has been timed so that it will always occur on the first New Moon of the year, which can, at least on the Gregorian calendar, make it appear to occur more than once a year. It is usually aired on DHK.

Mixed martial arts organizations have held events on New Year's Eve.

Coming of Age Day
Second Monday of January
Spoiler: Coming of Age Day • show
Coming of Age Day is a Daitōjin holiday held annually on the second Monday of January on the native calendar. It is held in order to congratulate and encourage all of those who have reached or will reach the age of maturity (18 years old) between 2 April of the previous year and 1 April of the current year, as well as to help them realize that they have become adults. Festivities include coming of age ceremonies held at local and prefectural offices, as well as after-parties among friends and families.

The Emperor's Birthday
19 January
Spoiler: Emperors Birthday • show
The Emperor's Birthday, or Tennō Tanjōbi (alternatively Tenchōsetsu), is an annual holiday of the Daitōjin calendar celebrating the birthday of the reigning Emperor, which is currently on the 19th of January.

On the Emperor's birthday, a public ceremony takes place at the Ashina Imperial Palace, where the gates are open (the palace is usually off-limits to the public). Typically, only the surrounding park can be visited. The Emperor, accompanied by the Empress (when there is one) and several other members of the Imperial Family appear on a palace balcony to acknowledge the birthday greetings of well-wishers waving Daitōjin flags. This event is called Ippan-sanga. Only on this occasion and during New Year's Celebrations are the public permitted to enter the inner grounds of the palace. The crowd is required to wait in a pre-established area between the main road and the building: at a later time, the Imperial Guard accompanies visitors, guiding them from the square in front of them to the inside of the building. Admission is free for those who wish to enter, and those who wish are given a small Daitōjin flag. Visitors will wait at the Nijubashi bridge until around 9:30 in the morning, when the Imperial Guard make a first group of people cross the bridge and enter a square below the Imperial pavilion. At around 10:20 am, the Emperor, accompanied by the Empress (or in cases where there is none, their closest female relative), as well as the heirs to the throne and their spouses look out from the pavilion, where the crowd below wishes the Emperor long life by repeating the word "banzai" in chorus.

Once this is done, the Emperor and his family retreats inside the palace and the process begins again. This is repeated several times throughout the day so that as many people as possible can pay homage to the Emperor. That evening, national television broadcasts a special, during which time the Emperor addresses a few words of thanks to the country and offers a prayer for peace and unity within the nation.

11 February
Spoiler: Kigen-setsu • show
Kigen-setsu, translated as Festival of the Accession of the First Emperor and the Foundation of the Empire or simply Accession Day, is an annual national holiday celebrating the enthronement of Shin'ō Tennō. The holiday was first adopted in the 1870s, where it was envisioned as a unifying celebration around the love of the Daitōjin people around their love for the god-emperor. Publicly linking his rule with the mythical first Emperor, Shin'ō, and thus with the gods Amaterasu and Takamimusubi, the Keiyo Emperor declared himself the one true ruler of Daitō. In modern times, the focus on the divinity of the Emperor has lessened to an extent through secularism. Despite this, it is considered a deeply Teidō holiday, at least on the mainland and in Tsukishima. In Styria, it is treated as a sort of National Day, though this perception also exists in other regions.

Vernal Prayer Day
Around 20 March
Spoiler: Vernal Prayer Day • show
The Vernal Prayer Day (Shun-ki Kōresai) is one of two official days of prayer. Despite being initially a purely Teidō "holiday" held to pay respects past Emperors and imperial family member as well as to pray for a good harvest, it has been adopted by members of other religions as a day of prayer in their own faiths.
« Last Edit: September 19, 2021, 09:51:21 PM by Daitō »

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Re: Civil Factbook of the Empire of Daitō
« Reply #28 on: August 26, 2021, 01:35:46 AM »
National Holidays of Daitō, Part Two

Armed Forces Day
17 April
Spoiler: Armed Forces Day • show
Armed Forces Day (軍隊記念日, Guntai Kinen'bi or 国軍の日, Kokugun no hi) is a public holiday commemorating the Battle of Kokura, when an outnumbered loyalist force of loyalist soldiers defeated the army of Haruyoshi Nishiōji, effectively ending the Tottori Rebellion. The holiday was established in 1953, replacing both Army Commemoration Day (陸軍記念日, Riku-gun Kinen'bi) and Navy Commemoration Day (海軍記念日, Kai-gun Kinen'bi) which were established in 1906.

Military Parade in Ashina, 2019
Armed Forces Day is best known for the Military Parades held throughout the nation, with the largest (and most prestigious) being held in Ashina. This parade is attended by His Majesty, the Emperor, as well as the Chancellor and when there is one, the Prime Minister.

Golden Week
4 - 7 June
Spoiler: Golden Week • show
Golden Week (黄金週間, Ōgon Shūkan) is a week from the 29th of April through early April containing a number of Daitōjin holidays. It is also known in Daitō as Ōgata Renkyū (大型連休, "Long holiday series"). The days between Keiyo Day and Greenery Day, as well as after Children's Day, are officially termed "Citizen's Holiday", though they themselves are not really a holiday. This is due to the practice of employers giving their employees a seven-day period off work to spend time with their families. Golden Week is the longest vacation period for many Daitōjin workers. The only other week-long holiday period is New Years.

Golden Week is a popular time for holiday travel. Due to significantly higher rates of travel, flights, trains, and hotels are often fully booked. Popular destinations for Daitōjin citizens to travel to during this period include Rokkenjima, Jiayuan, Floodwater, Continental Tytor, and Alba Karinya.
Keiyo Day
Keiyo Day (恵与の日, Keiyo no Hi) is a Daitōjin annual holiday held on June 4th. It honours the birthday of Emperor Keiyo, the reigning emperor from 1871 to 1932. "Keiyo" (恵与) means "blessing", while its individual syllables mean "Enlightenment" (恵) and "Bestow" (与), effectively meaning "Enlightened Rule".

The official purpose of Keiyo Day is, according to the Imperial Government, to encourage public reflection on the reign of the Keiyo Emperor, which saw the resurgence of the Empire as a cultural, political, economic, and military power capable of standing up to the Ardian Empire.
Greenery Day
Greenery Day (みどりの日, Midori no Hi)) is a national holiday in Daitō which, according to the Imperial Government, is intended encourage the appreciation of nature by the populace and to be thankful for its blessings. In practice, however, it is just seen as another day which expands the Daitōjin Golden Week vacation.
Children's Day
Children's Day (こどもの日, Kodomo no Hi) is a Daitōjin national holiday which takes place annually on 10 June and is the final celebration in Golden Week. It is a day which is set aside to respect children's personalities and to celebrate their happiness. It was designated a national holiday by the Daitōjin government in 1928. It has, however, been a day of celebration in Daitō since ancient times.

The day was formerly known as Tango no sekku (端午の節句) — one of the five annual ceremonies held at the Imperial court — and was celebrated roughly around the same time. Until 1928, it was known as Boy's Day, celebrating boys and recognizing fathers, as the counterpart to Hinamatsuri, or "Girl's day" on March 3rd. This was changed in 1928 to include both male and female children, as well as recognizing mothers alongside fathers and family qualities of unity.

On Children's Day, families will raise a koinobori, a carp-shaped windsock (this being due to the belief that a carp that swims upstream eventually becomes a dragon and will fly to the heavens; this was an imported tradition from what is now modern-day Jiayuan) which, when caught in the wind, looks like it is swimming. These windsocks will include the black carp, representing the father, at the top, followed by a red or pink carp representing the mother, and then one carp for each child in order of age. Usually, the ones for children will be blue, though sometimes there will also be green or orange. Families may also display a samurai doll, occasionally riding a large carp (representing the folk heroes Kintarō or Momotarō) and/or a traditional military helmet, kabuto, due to their traditional association as symbols of strength and vitality.
« Last Edit: August 29, 2021, 08:47:32 AM by Daitō »

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Re: Civil Factbook of the Empire of Daitō
« Reply #29 on: August 26, 2021, 01:41:44 AM »
National Holidays of Daitō, Part Three

Marine Day
Third Monday of July
Spoiler: Marine Day • show
Marine Day is a holiday which, according to the Imperial Government, is meant as a day of gratitude for the blessings of the oceans and hoping for the prosperity of Daitō.

Mountain Day
11 August
Spoiler: Mountain Day • show
Mountain Day is a holiday established in 2015 as a day on which to appreciate Daitō's mountains.

Respect for the Aged Day
Third Monday of September
Spoiler: Respect for the Aged Day • show
Respect for the Aged Day is a Daitōjin designated public holiday celebrated annually to honour elderly citizens. It started in 1957 as a national holiday and has been held on the third monday of September ever since. On this holiday, Daitōjin media will take the opportunity to feature the elderly, reporting on the population and highlighting the oldest people in the country.

On this holiday, people will return home and pay respect to their elders. Some people will volunteer in neighborhoods by making and distributing free lunch boxes to older citizens. Entertainment will be provided by teenagers and children with various performances. Special television programs are also featured by Daitōjin media on this holiday.

Autumnal Prayer Day
Around 23 September
Spoiler: Autumnal Equinox Day • show
Autumnal Prayer Day (Shū-ki Kōresai) is one of two official days of prayer. Despite being initially a purely Teidō "holiday" held to pay respects past Emperors and imperial family member as well as to offer a prayer of thanks for a good harvest, it has been adopted by members of other religions as a day of prayer in their own faiths.
« Last Edit: September 09, 2021, 09:38:12 PM by Daitō »