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Offline Lakhzovia

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The Republic of Lakhzovia Factbook
« on: September 13, 2021, 12:20:56 PM »

Motto:- "Me’ukhad Hi’Or shel Emet" (United in the Light of Truth)
National Anthem:- Hymn of Redemption

BACKGROUND

The Republic of Lakhzovia was founded in 1986 following the collapse of the United Peoples' Republic (UPR), a socialist regime dominated by a political elite drawn from the Utman minority group. Following a bitter civil war the Lakhzov Republic established control over all the former lands of the UPR. The Republic has been led by President Sachim Kadassa for over 30 years. The country is currently recovering from a second civil war with its Utman minority. Lakhzovia currently suffers a democratic deficit having had just 2 elections in the past 20 years, widespread voter suppression/electoral irregularities, a poor human rights record, state interference in media reporting, and widespread corruption.

An ongoing programme of reforms is underway aimed at modernising the state.

Government Type:- Federal Presidential Republic
Population:-:- 48,000,000
Capital City:- Nakim
Demonym:- Lakhzov


ECONOMY

The economy of Lakhzovia is historically mixed with heavy government involvement in all areas of the economy either through state ownership of key industries, or centralised planning of the wider economy. Reforms have begun toward trade liberalisation, and an export oriented trade policy. Developmental policies outlined in the latest 5 year plan seek to reduce state ownership of key industries, with heavy investment in infrastructure improvements and the formation of tech incubators to promote the development of a native high tech sector.

The economy suffers from a lack of expertise, unproductive outdated industrial technology, poor supply chain infrastructure, a looming energy crisis due to aging power plants, and a faltering agricultural sector. Problems exacerbated by ongoing social conflicts in the country.

Wealth distribution in the country is geographically uneven, with the Nakim Bay region enjoying a far higher level of economic development and HDI, while rural areas suffer most from lack of infrastructure and economic opportunities.

Currency:- Lakhzov Shekhel
GDP per Capita:- $17,000
Unemployment Rate:- 13%
Main Industries:- Rare Mundus Metals, Coal, agricultural produce, manufactured consumer goods


PEOPLE

Ethnicity:- Lakhzov, Utman, Axicz, Mulangana tribal groups
Languages:- Lakhzov, Utman, Mulangaal
Religions:- Emetism, Kerenism, other minority religions
Average Life Expectancy:- 65


GOVERNMENT

Head of State:- Sachim Kadassa

Ministers

Minister of Foreign Affairs:- Arad Irdan
Minister of Interior:- Shimi Arlitz
Minister of Defence:- Natem Yadar
Minister of Economy:- Nal Parnassa
Minister of Energy:- Erdan Araval

Judicial Appointees

Head Supreme Court:- Rafiy Natahik

Legislature

Name of Legislative Body:- National Assembly
Seats:- 135 electable, 5 reserved


POLICIES


PoliciesStance
Drugs LawCannabis Decriminalised
Legal Status of Homosexuality   Decriminalised but lacking in legal protections against discrimination
Same Sex Marriage   Not recognised
EducationFree Comprehensive Education
Property Ownership   Private Ownership
Voting   Citizens above the age of 18
ProstitutionIllegal
Freedom of the PressState and Private Media, subject to State Censor
Freedom of MovementRestrictions on internal movement between Autonomous Regions, and in secure zones
AbortionLegal in cases of extreme necessity
Health CareUniversal State Healthcare supplemented by charitable hospitals
Gun LawsHeavily regulated
Internet NeutralityGovernment Censorship
Business OwnershipMixed economy - private and state ownership - some strategically important sectors are reserved for state enterprises
MarriageNo civil marriage - marriages are carried under the auspices of respective organised religious bodies with state recognition of marriages so carried out
Gender ReassignmentTransgenderism not legally recognised - gender reassignment surgery is illegal, those obtaining such procedures abroad liable to prosecution
Trade Union LawsTrade Unions heavily regulated by the government
Religious FreedomGuaranteed with preference given to Emetism in conflicts
Animal RightsAnimal slaughter, the sale, and consumption of meat are illegal


FOREIGN RELATIONS AND DIPLOMACY


International Organisations

Cross Straits Union
Cotf Aranye Partnership

International Treaties

Uppsala Convention
Fair Seas Concordat

Diplomatic Relations

Rokkenjima - Allied, Strong bilateral ties
Achkaerin -
East Moreland -
Tamora -
Juggland -
Clysperis -
Altona -
Iwi - No Diplomatic Relations

Sanctions Regimes

Iwi
Spoiler: Iwi • show
Sanctions: Travel ban, no diplomatic relations
Reason: Piracy, inhumane punishments

« Last Edit: September 16, 2021, 08:20:54 AM by Lakhzovia »

Offline Lakhzovia

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Re: The Republic of Lakhzovia Factbook
« Reply #1 on: September 13, 2021, 12:33:51 PM »
Constitution, Presidential Decrees, and Legislation

Constitution of the Republic of Lakhzovia
Spoiler: show
Preamble

The Lakhzov Republic was founded in recognition, and realization of the inalienable rights of the Lakhzov people to self-determination in the ancestral lands of our people, in which our culture first formed in deep antiquity, the land which contains our sacred places, and to which we are tied by bonds of blood, history, and religion.

While the right to national sovereignty belongs exclusively to the Lakhzov people, the long standing history of cooperation and brotherhood between the Lakhzov and other peoples living within our lands shall be preserved to ensure a prosperous future for all who dwell here in friendship.


Article I - Character of the State

1. The Republic of Lakhzovia, also known as the Lakhzov Republic, is organised as a Federal Presidential Republic

2. The Official Language is Lakhzov, all government business is to be carried out in the Lakhzov language

3. The State Religion is Emetism

4. National Holidays shall be instituted observing Emetist festivals and any secular events of importance to the Lakhzov Nation

National Symbols

5. The flag of the Republic shall be green with a Lakhzov Mandala upon it in white

6. The State Emblem shall be a green shield containing the Star of Emet, olive branches, and the name of the Republic

7. The Anthem shall be the Hymn of Redemption


Article II - Executive

1. President

a. The President shall be elected by a simple majority in a direct election

b. The President shall appoint all Ministerial positions

c. The President may appoint members of the Presidential Advisory Group, members may be drawn from any source

d. The President may issue Decrees which carry the status of legislation, these may be overridden or altered by subsequent legislation from the National Assembly subject to the approval a simple majority in the Supreme Court

e. The President has the power to Veto legislation from the National Assembly

f. The President may nominate individuals for the position of Chief of the Lakhzov Defence Forces, Supreme Court Judge, and Diplomatic Offices

g. The President may pardon individuals for crimes committed, with the exception of treason where a Pardon is only possible with the approval of the Supreme Court


Article III - Legislature

1. National Assembly

a. The National Assembly is responsible for developing Federal Legislation

b. The National Assembly appoints the Speaker of the Assembly

c. Members of the Assembly shall be elected by a simple majority on a constituency basis, each State of the Federation shall consist of 15 constituencies, the boundaries of which are to be determined by the Lakhzov Electoral Commission

d. An additional 5 seats are reserved for members of the Mulangana Tribal Autonomous Region representatives

2. State Assembly

a. The State Assemblies are responsible for passing Local Legislation

b. Local Legislation passed cannot conflict with Federal Legislation

c. The State Assemblies are responsible for selecting the State Governor

3. State Governor

a. State Governors are responsible for implementing all Federal and Local legislation in a given state, the maintenance of order, and ensuring effective day to day administration

Article IV - Judiciary

1. Supreme Court

a. The Supreme Court is made up of five Judges with lifetime terms

b. The Supreme Court is responsible for:

c. Ensuring that legislation is not in conflict with the Constitution

d. Resolving disputes in interpretation of legislation

e. Resolving conflicts between different legislation

f. Selecting new Judges when a seat becomes vacant

g. Acting as final Court of Appeal

h. Prosecuting cases of Treason
 
2. Second Tier Courts

a. Second Tier Courts are responsible for Judgements on Criminal cases where the severity of the crime would result in a custodial sentence

3. Third Tier Courts

The Third Tier Courts are responsible for:

a. Judgements on Criminal cases where the severity of the crime would result in a fine, community service or other minor sanction
b. All civil cases

4. Specialist Courts

a. Specialist Courts may be constituted for carrying out specific functions where necessary

5. Appeals

a. The judgement of a lower tier court may be referred to the tier above on appeal

b. The Supreme Court is the final Court of Appeal, it’s judgement is inviolable


Article V - Autonomous Territorial Units

1. Autonomous Territories may be designated with the approval of the National Assembly, President, and Supreme Court in concert

2. Autonomous Territories will be bound by the Articles of Autonomy specific to each territory

3. An Autonomous Territory may be abolished if found in violation of the Articles of Autonomy by the National Assembly, President, and Supreme Court in concert

4. Tribal Autonomous Regions

a. The status of the Mulangana Tribal Autonomous Regions may not be altered


Article VI - State of Emergency

1. In the event of a grave threat to national security or Lakhzov sovereignty the President may declare a State of Emergency

2. During the State of Emergency the President may suspend, with appropriate justification, articles of the Constitution for only so long as is necessary to avert the national threat

3. A State of Emergency may be ended by:

a. Presidential Decree

b. Legislation from the National Assembly with the approval of the Supreme Court


Article VII - Constitutional Amendments

1. This Constitution may be amended by a two thirds majority of the National Assembly, with the approval of a simple majority of the Supreme Court


Articles of Autonomy for the Formation of The Utman Autonomous Region
Spoiler: show
Articles of Autonomy for the Formation of
The Utman Autonomous Region

ARTICLE I
AIM OF THE AGREEMENT

The aim of this agreement is to bring about the cessation of historical hostilities between the Utman and Lakhzov peoples in order that both may continue to live within the territory of the Lakhzov Republic according to their respective customs, religion, and laws. This agreement will be considered a final resolution of the Utman-Lakhzov Conflict and the closure of all further claims and ambitions.

ARTICLE II
FRAMEWORK FOR THE EXTENSION OF AUTONOMY

The agreed framework for the extension of autonomy to the Utman community in the designated Utman Autonomous Region (UAR) is set forth in this Declaration of Principles.

ARTICLE III
ELECTIONS

1. In order that the Utman people in the UAR may govern themselves according to democratic principles, direct, free and general political elections will be held for the Utman Authority under agreed supervision and international observation, while the Utman police will ensure public order.

2. As a transitional provision the first sitting of the Utman Authority shall comprise of those Utman Shanata Party representatives of the territories that comprise the UAR currently elected to sit in the Lakhzov National Assembly.

3. Subsequent elections will be held in concurrence with the Lakhzov General Elections.

4. The internal division of electoral districts within the UAR will be the responsibility of the Utman Authority Electoral Commission.

ARTICLE IV
JURISDICTION

1. Jurisdiction of the Utman Authority will extend over the area assigned as the Utman Autonomous Region defined as:

The western most area of the Transmecuria Province, from the North-Western International Border extending to the Shar Valley of the Har HaShidrin Mountain Range; The Western International Border to the Chluz River, and from the South-Western International Border to the estuary of the Chluz River into lake Kinoros.

2. No Jurisdiction is granted over the Ceouz Utman Autonomous Region.

3. The UAR is not entitled to form, or attempt to form political unions with the Ceouz Utman Autonomous Region, or attempt to encourage other Utman majority areas to seek autonomy or unification with the UAR as an exclave.

ARTICLE V
TRANSFER OF POWERS AND RESPONSIBILITIES

1. Upon the entry into force of this Declaration of Principles a transfer of authority from the Lakhzov Civil Administration to the authorised Utman for this task, as detailed herein, will commence.

2. Immediately after the entry into force of this Declaration of Principles authority will be transferred to the Utman Authority in the following spheres: education and culture, health, social welfare, direct taxation, local development planning, and tourism. The Utman side will commence in building the Utman police force, as agreed upon.

ARTICLE VI
PUBLIC ORDER, SECURITY, AND BORDER CONTROLS

1. In order to guarantee public order and internal security for the Utman of the UAR, the Utman Authority will establish a strong police force, while Lakhzovia will continue to carry the responsibility for defending against external threats, as well as the responsibility for overall security of ethnic Lakhzov for the purpose of safeguarding their internal security and public order.

2. The UAR may not establish or raise any military or paramilitary organisation for the purposes of territorial defence. Territorial defence shall reside solely with the Lakhzov Defence Forces.

3. The UAR may maintain a customs service and man customs checkpoints as appropriate. However, the external border and its crossings will remain under the control of the Lakhzov Border Police and other related agencies

ARTICLE VII
LAW AND LEGISLATION

1. The Utman Authority will be empowered to legislate, in accordance with the scope of this agreement, within all authorities transferred to it.

2. The Utman Authority is not empowered to draft, pass, or implement legislation which is in violation of the Constitution of the Lakhzov Republic, or which violate or abrogate any national criminal law except where exceptions are explicitly granted.

3. The Utman Authority will establish Magistrates Courts to enforce local civil law.

4. Utman Civil laws will not apply to members of the Lakhzov Ethnic group that remain resident in the Utman Autonomous Region, except for in cases of public decency where the provisions do not impede on Lakhzov cultural or religious expression.

5. All Criminal Cases will be referred to the nearest Lakhzov Magistrate Court.

ARTICLE VIII
INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS, TRADE, AND DIPLOMACY

1. The Utman Authority is not empowered to set a Foreign Policy separate from that of the Lakhzov Republic, nor is it permitted to maintain or operate a Foreign Ministry, Department or any other such office.

2. The Utman Authority may not receive foreign delegations except in coordination with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, nor is it permitted to send Utman delegations to foreign countries, territories or organisations, nor is it permitted to make petitions or presentations to such.

3. The Utman Authority is not empowered to enter into international treaties or agreements of any kind.

4. International Trade will only be permitted with nations that the Lakhzov Republic have full relations and trade agreements with.

ARTICLE IX
RESOLUTION OF DISPUTES

1. Disputes arising out of the application or interpretation of this Declaration of Principles. or any subsequent agreements shall be resolved by negotiations through the Joint Liaison Committee to be established with an equal membership of Lakhzov and Utman participants.

2. Disputes which cannot be settled by negotiations may be resolved by a mechanism of conciliation to be agreed upon by the parties.

ARTICLE X
UTMAN-LAKHZOV COOPERATION CONCERNING REGIONAL PROGRAMS

Both parties view the multilateral working groups as an appropriate instrument for promoting regional development programmes that impact both territories or would otherwise be impossible without cooperation.

ARTICLE XI
RELIGIOUS FREEDOM, PROTECTION AND RIGHT OF ACCESS TO RELIGIOUS AND CULTURAL SITES, AND THE STATUS OF KHALIN

1. The freedom of worship for Lakhzov Emetists within the UAR will be respected and actively protected by the Utman Authority.

2. The Utman Authority will undertake to protect and preserve the physical integrity, and the right of access to Lakhzov cultural and religious sites within the UAR.

3. The city of Khalin, its communities, shrines, and landmarks will remain fully under the administration of the Lakhzov Government subject to the appropriate administrative devolution as laid down by the Constitution and other relevant laws.

4. The Lakhzov Government will facilitate access for the Utman to the city to allow for Kerenist worship in accordance with the existing status quo.

ARTICLE XII
STATUS AND REPATRIATION OF UTMAN REFUGEES

1. Those Utman who have been displaced overseas by the Utman-Lakhzov Conflict shall be repatriated to the UAR.

2. Those Utman who have been internally displaced due to the Conflict have the right to voluntarily move to the UAR or remain in situ, they may not be forced or coerced by the either the Lakhzov or Utman Authorities into relocation to the UAR.

3. Voluntary relocation to the UAR will not be considered grounds for forfeiture of other rights, and those relocating may continue to pursue property claims through the Court of Disputations. Those who have their claims confirmed by the Court of Disputations are entitled to relocate to their former homes or receive appropriate compensation for their land.


MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

1. This Declaration of Principles will enter into force one month after its signing.
« Last Edit: September 15, 2021, 06:29:29 PM by Lakhzovia »