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Offline paralipomena

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The Republic of Djabidjan
« on: July 08, 2021, 08:44:05 AM »

Factbook of Djabidjan




Official name: Republic of Djabidjan
Capital city: Djabidjan City
Official languages: Korean, Kozmane language[1]
Other recognized languages: Sozyar language[2], Vietnamese, Burmese, Mzungumzaji languages[3], Maadaanic language[4]
Ethnic groups: Seojoson, KoulŤ people, Kychma people, KiÍt people, Nayhtu people, Mzungumzaji peoples, Maadaan people, Ardian, Others
Religions: Christianity (majority), Islam, Animism, others
Demonym: Djabidjani / Djabidjanian
Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Head of State: President of the Republic
Head of Government: Premier of the State Council of Ministers
Legislature: Parliament of Djabidjan
Population: 19,744,861
Region: Ardia
Currency: Livra
GDP per capita: 1,894 USD
Main industries: Gas, mining (copper, gold, silver, zinc, iron ore, phosphates, diamonds), agriculture and fishing, fish and food processing, tobacco, textiles





Overview


Djabidjan is a country located in northern Ardia. A former colony of the Ardian Empire until 1940, later a protectorate following the Treaty of Podlo, it obtained independence in 1956. It is one of the most diverse countries of Mundus, in terms of ethnicity, language, and culture, and one of the most urbanized countries in Ardia, with more than 60% of the total population living in a few main urban areas.

Since 1983, the Republic of Djabidjan has been an unitary parliamentary republic, ruled by the Djabidjani People's Coalition since 1981. Officially, the Republic of Djabidjani has a multi-party parliamentary system. However, Djabidjan's political system has been described as flawed democracy, managed democracy, hybrid regime, de facto one-party state, or authoritarian state, with the ruling Djabidjani People's Coalition (and in particular the People's Democratic Party) as the dominant political party in Djabidjan.






Index
People of Djabidjan
Cities and administrative divisions
History of Djabidjan
Political system
...


 1. A creole language, derived from Ardian. RL reference: Haitian creole
 2. A fictional Turkic language
 3. Based in Sub-saharan West African languages
 4. Based in Cushitic

Offline paralipomena

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Re: The Republic of Djabidjan
« Reply #1 on: July 08, 2021, 06:20:28 PM »

People of Djabidjan



Seojoson peoplePopulation: ~6,726,000

A group of ethnic Seojoson participates in a public event.
Seojoson is the largest ethnic group in Djabidjan (although far from being a majority). Since independence, they have been the dominant ethnic group, being highly represented in the top economic and political elite of the country. However, this declined since the proclamation of the Social Republic of Djabidjan.

They usually speak Seojugeo, the standard Korean dialect spoken in Djabidjan, and they are mostly Christian, in particular with United Reformed Church as largest faith. Unlike other northern and eastern Ardian languages, they use Ardian script.
KoulŤ peoplePopulation: ~3,021,000

Jina Alumene, a Djabidjani actress
and singer, self-identifies as KoulŤ
The term "KoulŤ" is derived from an Ardian word which was used to describe a person of a mixed ancestry, descendants of the union of an Ardian settler and a native, in particular dark-skinned ones such as the Mzungumzaji or the Maadaan peoples. Although the term did not have a fixed meaning in the colonial, they barred to work in the local administration, although a higher status than native people. The term had for a long time a clearly derogatory meaning, although in the last century community started to reclaim the terms for people of mixed ancestry. However, the term should not be confused with "Langyol", a word in Kozmane language to refer to anyone of mixed ancestry.

Although the KoulŤ people are far to be a homogeneous group, they are mostly Christian and they usually speak Kozmane -a creole language derived from Ardian- as first or second language. They mostly live in urban areas.

Kychma peoplePopulation: ~ 3,003,000

An ethnic Kychman eagle hunter.
The origin of the Kychma people is disputed, but it is believed that they came to Ardia from Coft Aranye, some time between the 8th to the 12th century. Most of them speak Sozyar language, which is divided in eight dialects, not all them mutually comprehensible, although they have been recent attempts to standarize the language into a common standard version.

Compared to other Djabidjan's ethnic groups, many Kychma people, although not a majority, live in rural areas. They are mostly Christian, although they are a religiously diverse group.
KiÍt peoplePopulation: ~ 2,300,000

A young KiÍt model.
The KiÍt people are an ethnic group that lives mostly in the main urban areas and the eastern region. They speak Vietnamese and they are mostly Christian. During the Ardian empire, they were well-known for being merchants.
Mzungumzaji peoplePopulation: ~ 800,000

Martin Enitan, a famous Djabidjan football player, is an ethnic Mzungumzaji.
The Mzungumzaji people, who mostly speak Mzungumzaji languages -a linguistic family formed by more than twenty-six recognized languages-, mostly live in the central and western provinces. Some ethnic Mzungumzaji, however, particularly those living in Djabidjan City, have adopted Kozmane language as native languages or a bilingual.
Nayhtu peoplePopulation: ~ 931,000
A Nayhtu woman in the 1930s, during the Ardian Empire.The Nayhtu or Nayhtumyarr people are an ethnic group who mostly speak Burmese language as native language. Many of them were enslaved during the Ardian Empire. They are diverse religiously, being a large number of them Muslim, particularly those living in the western region.
Maadaan peoplePopulation: ~ 475,000
An ethnic Maadaan Djabidjan soldier.The Maadaan or Maadanic minority, who usually speak Maadaanic language as native language, is an ethnic group. A majority of them are Catholic. They mostly live in the southern provinces. They suffered religious persecution, particularly during the Social Republic of Djabidjan.
OthersOther ethnic groups include immigrants from nearby countries.

The Ardian minority, formed by descendants of Ardian settlers established in the country during the Ardian Empire, has considerably reduced to about 10,000 people, as many left the country after independence and particulary during the Social Republic of Djabidjan was established, as the government passed a radical agrarian reform and most of the land still owned by the Ardian minority was expropriated or confiscated by the authorities.



Offline paralipomena

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Re: The Republic of Djabidjan
« Reply #2 on: July 08, 2021, 11:25:06 PM »

Cities and Places of Djabidjan



Djabidjan City
Population: 5,218,852


Djabidjan City is the capital city of the Republic of Djabidjan. Djadibjan City metropolitan area comprises about 25% of Djabidjan's total population.

Jangju
Population: 2,718,269


Jangju is the second largest city in Djabidjan. Much of Djabidjan's economic elite either lives in Jangju or has a second residence in Jangju, as it is considered a much safer city compared to the capital city. Many national companies are based in Jangju, having the city the highest GDP per capital of all the country.

EnmedyŤ
Population: 318,432


EnmedyŤ, in central Djabidjan, is the third largest city of the country.

ZilepÚ
Population: 272,156


The port city of ZilepÚ is certainly a town of contrasts.

Talgwon
Population: 128,862


Nearby Lake Gam, Talgwon is considered an agriculture center.

Hyeoul
Population:107,080


The river town of Hyeoul is known for its textile industry.

Lavilsid
Population: 97,709


On the southern border, Lavilsid is mostly an industrial town.

Nwapase
Population: 93,997


Nwapase is the largest town of the western region, which is barely populated.



Offline paralipomena

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Re: The Republic of Djabidjan
« Reply #3 on: July 08, 2021, 11:41:12 PM »
History



Before independence

The Ardian Empire started to settle through the coasts of the Sovereignty Bay in the second century, establishing several coastal settlement. They were able to consolidate their control of the trade of the area in the next centuries, coexisting with the native peoples in the west and the city-states which had been formed through the gulf. After the 8th century, the Ardian Empire launched several military campaigns, expanding their territory and increasing their control of the area.

In the 14th century, it was established the Jungsam Daejangunate, a vassal state of the Ardian Empire, which served as a buffer state along today central Djabidjan, as well as basic competences such as efficiently collect taxes and engaging in slave trade. The Jungsam Daejangunte, which existed until 1799, was dominated by ethnic Seojoson, particularly those of the northern and eastern clans, with a military head of state known as Daejang as ruler. The Daejang was usually a Seojoson from a noble family, although his appointment had to be approved by the Ardian Empire authorities.

In the 19th century, the control of the Northern Ardian colonies was united through an Overseas Northern Administration, with a Lieutenant-Governor as highest authority. In the late 1930s, trade with the Ardian Empire would be considerably discontinued, and finally the Ardian Empire would lose control of the northern colony as consequence of the Great War. Under a new administration, the territory was granted some autonomy under the Treaty of Podlo, until independence was achieved in 1956.


Independence and upheaval

The Free State of Djabidjan was established in 1953, which would gain full independence on 10 September 1956. Oh Kun-woo became the first President of the Free State of Djabidjan. However, he was forced to resign six months later, as the political opposition and radical militants instigated an uprising that ousted him. He would be replaced by Kang Dong-Il, who promised the establishment of a new parliament under a new electoral law (the 1957 parliament had been elected indirectly, with a limited number of electors from local councils and ethnic organizations), and the draft of a constitution. However, Kang's government faced increasing problems, such a fall in exports, as well as political violence,  protests and strikes, and armed insurgency by communist armed groups in the south and Catholic militants in the west. Kang would be deposed on 21 January 1958, in a bloodless military coup d'etat.

Three days after Kang Dong-Il was deposed, a new "Independent National Council" was announced, formed by military officers, and the country renamed as Djabidjanian Republic. General Chang Myung-jun became President of the Republic in 1959, and the Indepedent National Council was abolished on January 1960. Chang Myung-jun banned most opposition parties, and his government was increasingly authoritarian. In late 1961, he launched a wave of arrests, and a large number of opposition leaders and army officers -including some of those had joined the 1958 coup and former members in the Independent National Council- were sentenced to death and executed.

In 1962, elections to a Constituent Assembly, formed mostly by Chang's loyalists were held, aimed to draft a new constitution. It was soon evidently that the Constituent Assembly was merely a rubber-stamp legislature of government proposals, and a controversial constitution was approved, establishing a heriditary monarchist government with Chang Myung-jung as presumed head of state. The constitution was approved in a national referendum, with clear evidences of widespread fraud. However, only six days before his scheduled coronation, a coup d'etat took place, and Chung would be murdered in his own residence.


The Social Republic of Djabidjan

A new government was established, formed by both military officers and civilian ministers, which suspended the 1962 constitution, and promised democratic elections. However, the elections were subsequently postponed, as the government struggled to put an end to armed insurgency and ethnic violence. On 2 May 1963, a group of young army officers successfully took power through a coup d'etat. The new military leadership was increasingly nationalist, and many former officials from Chung's administration were arrested or executed. A "Supreme Council for National Restoration" was established, formed almost exclusively by military officers.

After another failed coup d'etat, followed by a large reshuffle of the Supreme Council for National Restoration, the military leadership took a more radical orientation, leading with the proclamation of the Social Republic of Djabidjan on 16 October 1963. Many companies were nationalized and the government launched a radical land reform. The new government established friendly relations with communist and left-leaning governments, and a one-party ruled under the Djabidjani Revolutionary Party was enshrined in the constitution. 

In 1964, Prime Minister Lee Hyung-seok announced "Djabidjan's Transition to Socialism", as official state ideology, aimed to industrialize the country and build a socialist state. A policy of industrial nationalization and agrarian collectivization was launched, foreign investment decreased to almost zero percent, while the power of the military and state considerably increased. A further autarky policy introduced by Prime Minister Nguyen Van Huynh in 1969, did not improve the situation, and Djabidjan's economy almost completely collapsed, while the government attempted to strengthen their control through a police state.


Political transition

The deterioration of the economy in the 1970s, and increasing ethnic violence, particularly after the MorizÚn Massace in 1976, forced the government to start negotiations with the opposition and introducing some economic and political reforms, which culminated with elections to a State Assembly on February 1979, the first democratic election in almost two decades. Hahn Geun, the candidate of the Democratic Party, was elected President on April 1979. One month later, the Djabidjani Revolutionary Party was dissolved and the constitution was widely amended, the country being renamed as Republic of Djadibdjan.

Under Hahn Geun's presidency, important political and economic reforms were implemented. Although the government policy of radical economic liberalization helped to increase considerably foreign investment in the country, the process was rather chaotic, producing mass unemployment, and several corruption scandals under his government damaged considerably his popularity. In 1981, the Social Democratic Party became the largest political party in the State Assembly, and entered in a coalition with the People's Democratic Party. However, the new government would only last six months, as the coalition fell after a failed coup d'etat by right-wing military officers, who were concerned about the fact that the People's Democratic Party had been established by former members of the Revolutionary Party and described its ideology as "Liberal Socialism" in their own manifesto. While the coup had failed and the conspirators had been arrested, there were several massacres against both pro-government and anti-government supporters the days after the coup.

Although the economic situation slighly improved, ethnic violence as well as protests against the government increased, and Hahn Geun was forced to resign following a constitutional crisis. In the 1983 election, the People's Democratic Party was the most voted political party and led a new coalition government. Three months later, Lee Oh-seong was elected President, which election the opposition denounced had failed to be a free and fair election. A new legislative election was held in 1984, in which the People's Democratic Party would obtain a clear majority. The same year, a new constitution was drafted, establishing an unitary constitutional republic as form of government.

The People's Democratic Party would start negotiations with several opposition parties in 1986, which would lead to their inclusion in the government and the eventual creation of the Djabidjani People's Coalition (KDP). The Djabidjani People's Coalition won the 1988 election by a landslide, with only the People's Democratic Party obtaining more than half of the seats of the parliament.


The Republic of Djabidjan since 1988

President Lee Oh-seong would be replaced as General Secretary of the People's Democratic Party by Kwon Jin-gyu, who had been Premier of the State Council of Ministers since 1985. President Lee would announce his resignation the next year, due to the worsening of his health, and Kwon Jin-gyu was elected new President. Lee Oh-seong would die of congestive heart failure in 1991.

The People's Democratic Party had dropped any reference to socialism in their party manifesto in 1987, and during Lee's and Kwon Jin-gyu's administration, both the government and party policy moved considerably to the center, helping to consolidate a capitalist free-market economy in Djabidjan. While Djabidjan has experienced a stable economic growth under the Djabidjani People's Coalition's governments, increasing economic and regional inequality are still serious problems which have an impact on the economic development of the country. However, the power of the Djabidja People's Coalition remains uncontested, as since 1992 has won every legislative election by landslide, the opposition only winning a handful of seats in every election since then.

Kwon Jin-gyu died in 2011, being replaced as President of the Republic and leader of the People's Democratic Party by his own son, Kwon Sang-jun, who mostly continued the policies of his father.


Offline paralipomena

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Re: The Republic of Djabidjan
« Reply #4 on: July 09, 2021, 01:06:19 AM »
Politics of Djabidjan: Political system



The Republic of Djabidjan, established in 1979, is an unitary parliamentary republic. The 1984 Djabidjani Constitution is the supreme law of the country, establishing the structure of the government. Under the 1984 constitution, the government is separated into three branches:
  • Executive - The President of the Republic is commander-in-chief of the armed forces. He can veto laws before they become effective (subject to parliamentary override), and holds limited discretionary powers of oversight over the government. The President appoints the Premier of the State Council of Ministers, who heads the government and is responsible -along his ministers- for enforcing laws and government policies.
  • Legislative - The parliament enacts national law, approves budgets, and provides a check on government policy.
  • Judiciary - The Supreme Court and High Courts, whose judges are nominated by the President, interpret laws and may overturn those they find unconstitutional.


President of the Republic

The President of the Republic is elected by the parliament for a five-year term. To be qualified as president, a candidate needs to be a person of at least 35 years of age, to have held office for at least 6 years in either the parliament or in the government, and can not have any criminal records. The current president is Kwon Hae-seong, who became President in 2011, following the death of his father, President Kwon Ha-joon.

Premier

The Premier of the State Council of Ministers, often refered as simply Premier, is the head of the government. The Premier are nominated and appointed by the President, who can directly dismiss him at any time. A Premier can also be dismissed by the Parliament, through a vote of no confidence. However, this has not happened since the 1984 Constitution was established.

The Parliament

Members of the Parliament are elected to serve for a term lasting up to five years. The Parliament has currently 380 members, being 350 of them elected from direct constituencies. The rest of seats are reserved for special representatives from ethnic minorities, and non-constitutency members appointed by the President.

Since the 1983 election, the Djabidjani People's Coalition (KDP) has won every legislative election, having a dominant position in the parliament. There are several opposition parties, however, they have failed to ever win enough seats to form their own parliamentary group, established in the 1984 Constitution on 14 directly elected representatives.


Administrative divisions

The Republic of Djabidjan is an unitary republic, divided in three special regions and 29 departments. Every department has a Governor, appointed by the President. They are both local and department elections, although local governments have limited autonomy, and mayors are usually nominated and appointed by the President.


Human rights in Djabidjan

The 1984 Djabidjani Constitution established Djabidjan as an "unitary parliamentary constitutional republic", with multi-party elections and recognizes diverse fundamental rights. However, restrictions and violations of those fundamental rights are considered widespread, and many consider the rule of the Djabidjani People's Coalition (and in particular the People's Democratic Party, the dominant political party of the coalition), which has been in power since 1981, as lacking democratic standards.

Fundamental rights such as freedom of speech and freedom of the press, as well as other civil and political rights, are limited through several ways. Any demonstration or outdoor public assembly requires police permits, which are often denegated on several grounds.

Media organizations are required a government permit to legally operate in the country, and the Ministry of Home Affairs is required to authorize any change in the management or the ownership of any media organization. Although censorship does not exist, the government has the right, with judiciary review, to impose sanctions for "violating the national security and the stability of the state" or "promotic ethnic, racial, or religious hatred", which often may entail the payment of huge economic compensations. Private ownership of TV satellite dishes is also forbidden.

There is a large number of libel and "hate speech" laws, which gives the government the right to prosecute any activity or speech aimed to "increase or incite hostilited between different ethnic, racial, and religious groups", and which are often used restrict freedom of speech and freedom of assembly of human rights activists and members of the opposition. Although not all convictions in such legislation always end in jail sentences, as citizens with criminal records are barred to run to office in either local or national elections, those laws are often used to restrict the chances for political activists or members of the opposition to be candidates and elected into office. Legislation restricting the creation and distribution of politically, racially, or religiously sensitive content has also been established in the form of media regulations and criminal laws, further restricting freedom of speech and press freedom. The government does not need judicial authorisation to conduct surveillance, and right to privacy and date protection are restricted through several security legislation.

Since the approval of the National Security Reform Act in 2009, the government also run several "Centres for Personal Surveillance and Social Integration", sometimes described simply as state internment centers, in which any citizen can be sent without being officially charged to any crime, to serve a maximum of 2-years sentence. Under judiciary review, but still without the need of bringing any charges against the suspect, the internment of a citizen can be increased to another four years. There is an enforced family separation for any child who was born in those internment centers, as well as losing the custody of other children in case the suspects rejects an offered accomodation outside the internment centers (which often entail some temporary restriction of movements and strict surveillance). The government justifies the existence of such centers as necessary for the protection of the order and peace, and that only suspects of certain crimes, such as terrorism, human and drug trafficking, or anti-social behavior are sent to those centers.

Death penalty also exists for certain serious crimes, as well as anti-sodomy legislation, although the latter are rarely enforced. Some physical punishments, such as canning, are also legal,  and there is a strict anti-drug legislation, which can lead to long jail sentences.





Offline paralipomena

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Re: The Republic of Djabidjan
« Reply #5 on: July 18, 2021, 10:48:42 PM »

Politics of Djabidjan: Political Parties



Djabidjani People's Coalition

The Djabidjani People's Coalition (KPD), established in 1986, is the ruling coalition of the Republic of Djabidjan, in power since the 1988 legislative election. The largest political party in the Djabidjani People's Coalition is the People's Democratic Party, which had been leading the national government since the 1983 election. Along the People's Democratic Party, the Djabidjani People's Coalition is formed by another ten political parties and several social and political organizations.

The Djabidjani People's Coalition is headed by a National Coordinator, elected in the Coalition's National Congress.

The Djabidjani People's Coalition (KPD) is currently formed by the following political parties:
  • People's Democratic Party (PDP), the largest political party in the Djabidjani People's Coalition
  • Justice Democratic Party (J-u-J), a political party, mostly based in rural areas, particularly between ethnic Seojoson.
  • Civic Choice Alliance (Azamattyq Tanday), commonly known as Azamatt Alliance, a political party mostly backed by voters from Kychma ethnicity.
  • National Reform Party, also known as KiÍt Tan, which is backed mostly by ethnic KiÍt voters.
  • Nayhtumyarr National Party (NNP), a center-right political party which defends the interest of the Nayhtu minority.
  • Djabidjani Congress, a political party mostly backed -although not exclusively- by voters from Mzungumzaji ethnic background.
  • National Labour Party, a center-left political party which is mostly backed by ethnic Mzungumzaji in the eastern and southern region.
  • United Progress Party, a centrist political party, often associated with Kozmane speakers.
  • Justice and Development Party (MCIH), a center-right political party, almost exclusively supported from ethnic Maadaan voters from eastern Djabidjan.
  • National Maadaan Association, a political organization which defends the interests of the Maadaan minority.
  • Djabidjanian Christian Party, a small religious party.

Djabidjani People's Coalition election results:

ElectionSeatsResulting government
1988 legislative election      122/155      Djabidjani People's Coalition government       
1992 legislative election130/155Djabidjani People's Coalition government
1996 legislative election136/155Djabidjani People's Coalition government
2000 legislative election143/155Djabidjani People's Coalition government
2004 legislative election140/155Djabidjani People's Coalition government
2008 legislative election146/155Djabidjani People's Coalition government
2012 legislative election149/155Djabidjani People's Coalition government
2016 legislative election146/155Djabidjani People's Coalition government



People's Democratic Party

The People's Democratic Party (PDP) was established in 1978. Between the founders of the People's Democratic Party, there were many former members of the Djabidjani Revolutionary Party, which ruled the country from 1964 to 1979. Between the founders of the People's Democratic Party was future president Lee Oh-seong, who had been purged from the Djabidjani Revolutionary Party a few years before for promoting economic liberalization. The People's Democratic Party joined the government for first time in 1981, in a coalition with the Social Democratic Party, but the coalition would only last about six months. Following a failed coup d'etat, the PDP would remain in the opposition until the 1983 legislative election, in which they became the largest political party in the parliament. The People's Democratic Party has remained in government since then.

Ideology

The People's Democratic Party was originally a left-wing political party, which combined socialist and nationalist ideas, and many of their early leadership and voters were former members of the ruling Revolutionary Party. In their first electoral manifesto (1979), the People's Democratic Party described their official ideology as "Liberal Socialism", defending socialist policies as well as accepting the need of political and economic liberalization. However, since then, particularly in power, the People's Democratic Party has increasingly moved toward the center, with a rather moderate and pro-business orientation.

Along pragmatism and nationalism, particularly since the establishment of the Djabidani People's Coalition in 1986, one of the core tenets of PDP's ideology is consociationalism, aimed to build and keep power-sharing arrangements, along Djabidjan's main ethnic groups, particularly between the political parties that form the Djabidjani People's Coalition and other related and associated organizations. However, although the People's Democratic Party has been defined as a catch-all party, which issues communication and propaganda in all Djabidjan's official and recognized languages, the leadership position of the party, since its establishment, has often being dominated by ethnic Seojoson.


Organization

National Executive Committee

The political power in the Peopleís Democratic Party is concentrated in the National Executive Committee, led by the General Secretary of the Peopleís Democratic Party, who is the de facto leader of the party. Both the members of the National Executive Committee and the General Secretary are elected in the party congresses, usually held once every six years since 1997.

The National Executive Committee also appoints the Chairman of the People's Democratic Party. Members of the National Executive Committee that required to be replaced (in case such as resignation, incapacity, expulsion, or death) are nominated by the PDP Chairman and confirmed and elected by the PDP's Executive Council. In the mid-1980s, there were about 1,500 so-called "permanent militants", but the current number of militants is unknown and the register of militants is kept confidential. Militants have the right to attend party conferences and to vote and elect and to be elected to the National Executive Committee. To become an official militant, a party member is first nominated by the local party leader or by a MP in his local branch. The candidate then undergoes several sessions of interviews, each with top rank party members and the appointment must then approved by the National Executive Commitee. About 100 candidates are nominated each year, although the number of those which are confirmed is unknown. It is estimated that the Peopleís Democratic Party may have around 2,000 militants.

Most members of the National Executive Committee are also  cabinet members. Each outgoing National Executive Committee nominates ten members for the next National Executive Committee while the party caucus (formed by PDP official militants) elects the remaining eight members.

The power of the National Executive Committee resides largely in the fact that many of its members simultaneously hold positions in the national government and with the control over personnel appointments in the Peopleís Democratic Party. However, as there are also ministers from other political parties, the real amount of power and influence of the National Executive Committe over government policy is unclear. Still, the National Executive Committee is considered highly influential, as usually more than half of the national government's ministeres are People's Democratic Party members. By convention, the President of the Republic has been the General Secretary of the People's Democratic Party.

Executive Council

The Executive Council of the Peopleís Democratic Party is the decision-making body of the Peopleís Democratic Party. Unlike the National Executive Committee, the Executive Council is supposed to operate as a collective leadership, although the sessions of the Executive Council are formally headed by the Chairman of the Peopleís Democratic Party.  Members of the Executive Council are nominated and appointed by the National Executive Committee. 

Although the Executive Council oversees the daily political life of the Peopleís Democratic Party, its influence on government policy is limited. Unlike the National Executive Committee, members of the Executive Council are not usually members of the national government, many of its member being members of the parliament, regional party leaders and members of the local governments. It is unknown how the Executive Council works, although it is believe that the Executive Council meets at least once per week. It is believed that decisions are made by consensus rather than by majority vote. Although he is not a member of the Executive Council, the General Secretary of the Peopleís Democratic Party may attend the sessions of the Executive Council.

The Executive Council manages the PDP administration and oversees its national sub-committees. The current national sub-committees are the following:
  • Branch Appointments and Relations
  • Constituency Relations
  • Membership Recruitment and Promotion
  • Information and Propaganda
  • Media and Publication
  • Political Education
  • International Office
  • Policy and Research
  • Ethnic Affairs
  • Women and Family
  • Youth Wing
  • Seniors and Veterans
  • Leisure and Business Activities
  • Religious Policy


People's Democratic Party - Election results

ElectionSeatsResulting government
1979 State Assembly election      11/136       Opposition
1981 State Assembly election20/136Social Democratic Party-PDP coalition (from February to September) and Opposition after September 1981
1983 State Assembly election58/136People's Democratic Party government (minority government)
1984 State Assembly election72/136People's Democratic Party government
1984 legislative election91/155People's Democratic Party government
1988 legislative election67/155Djabidjani People's Coalition government
1992 legislative election76/155Djabidjani People's Coalition government
1996 legislative election78/155Djabidjani People's Coalition government
2000 legislative election90/155Djabidjani People's Coalition government
2004 legislative election85/155Djabidjani People's Coalition government
2008 legislative election93/155Djabidjani People's Coalition government
2012 legislative election92/155Djabidjani People's Coalition government
2016 legislative election96/155Djabidjani People's Coalition government