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Sporting Hub / Kvinne Cup 2021
« on: Today at 12:24:46 AM »
Kvinne Cup 2021

The Kvinne Cup is an international tournament for tennis female players held in Amvkhar, Federal Union of Jugland.

Top seeds:
  • Elizabeth Turner (Tytor)
  • Bertha Petersen (Jugland)
  • Alice Walby (Achkaerin)
  • Michelle Kingman (Tytor)
  • Irene Therkildsen (FOA)
  • Christa Lorentzen (FOA)
  • Melody Cartwright (Achkaerin)
  • Walhafryda Henie (Jugland)
  • TBD
  • TBD
  • TBD
  • TBD
  • TBD
  • TBD
  • TBD
  • TBD

Diplomacy and Events / Re: A Toxic Cloud
« on: June 12, 2021, 03:59:14 PM »

Private communication

Highly Confidential

To the Department of Agriculture
(classified information)

According to the research, there has been widespread contamination in seventeen of the twenty-eight areas tested. The contamination in the surface seems to be superficial, but enough to have caused serious damage. Many species of insects and birds seem to have suffered a considerable effect, in some cases, bringing them close to the extinction in the area affected. This is likely to have a huge impact in the balance of the ecosystem. In the case of cattle in nearby areas, we can only recommend to initiate large-scale testing and sacrifice those animals affected as the toxicity, while it does not probably pose a direct threat to humans, it is higher that the recommended in health standards.

The contamination is much severe in the underground water, particularly in the  Hivttenvann valley, and in three rivers and several tributaries (see attached document number 2). Without proper treatment, those waters should be allowed for human consumption, for the severe risks that it poses to health. Obviously, the risk may defer depending the level of contamination. Through our analysis, we have detected several substances which are present in the mentioned samples:

Type #1 is a toxicant which is associated with cardiac and central nervous system diseases in humans. Our research has also showed that it can also causes malformations, incomplete ossification of skull, and decreased fetal body weights in rats.

Type #2 is a phosphonate which is typically used in several pesticides, including the MDX-120, which was banned by the National Commission of Health in 2020. Skin exposure to this substance can cause irritation and dermatitis, as well as mild conjuctivitis and corneal injury. It is also found to cause significant mortality in wild bees and bumblebees when sprayed directly on them, as it is estimated that the substance may block the tracheal system of the bees. This gives force to the air hypothesis as main source of the contamination. It is also highly toxic for aquatic species, which explain the highly rate of death in those species in the area.

However, in relation with humans, when diluted in water, the toxicity of Type #2 considerably decreases, and it is not as highly toxic as its direct contact. However, water contaminated by Type #2 may still contribute can still cause corrosive effects in the digestive system, as well as kidney and liver damage. If the toxicity is higher than average, as it was found in nine of the twenty-one samples analyzed, it can also lead to respiratory distress, impaired conscioussness, pulmonary and breath problems, arhythmias, and kidney failure. In the most serious cases, the death is often preceded by bradycardia and ventricular arrhythmias.

Type #3 is a hydrocarbon which was also used in herbidices and insecticides in the past. According to our knowledge, the use of this substance has decreased in the last two decades, and the most common pesticide that was ever approved to use in Jugland stopped to be industrially produced in 2014. Oral exposure to Type #3 has a high toxicity. Its initial effects are likely coughing, eye irritation, suffocation, burning in the respiratory tract, stomach pains, and vomiting. It is three times as dense as air and, therefore, in an open environment has a tendency to fall toward the ground, which increases its toxicity. Higher exposure to Type #3 may increase stillbirth and neonatal mortality. However, its toxicity considerably reduced when diluted in water and other substances. It is not likely that water contaminated with Type #3 is lethal, although its consumption is not recommended.

Type #4 is an organochloride, also found in some variants of pesticide MDX-120. Type #4 may contribute to fatty changes in the livers, hyperexcitability and convlusion, and inhibition of reproduction in animals, as well as interfering with estrogen-mediated functions such as ovulation and pregnancy. Research has showed that also induced liver cancer by interaction with strogen in female rodents. The amount of Type #4 of most samples analysis is, however, moderately low, at least compared to the other substances found. The toxicity in water contaminated by Type #4 is higher for children than for adults.

Type #5 is an organochloride, used in several herbicides, which is highly toxic to mammals, including humans, potentially leading to acute respiratory distress. However, when diluted is much less toxic, and considering the samples analyzed, it does not poses a serious health risk given the low amount in the contaminated water. However, we do not consider that such water recommendable for human or agriculture, particularly combined with the other toxic substances analyzed.

We consider that the sources of the contaminated water are not recommended for human use, particularly in the cases of underground water, where the contamination is more severe, until proper treatment is attained. For that aim, in order to provide safe drinking water to the population in the affected areas it will be required a scheme for improvement of water supply that we proportionate in the following...

Meamwhile, in Midtenstadt, the Office of the National Council, as the National Assembly was to hold an extraordinary session to confirm the creation of a Special Committee to investigate the crisis in Austland, announced that Secretary Grimwaldyna Nygaard will address the situation in a press conference on the afternoon.

Character Guides / Re: ABC of Jugland
« on: June 11, 2021, 09:53:47 PM »

Adalwynda Naess-Schjelderup
Positions heldMember of the National Assembly
Current positionMember of the National Assembly (since 2021)
Political affiliationWorkers Democratic Party
EducationShe graduated in Administration and Law in the Royal College of Albrektberg
FamilyBoth her father and mother comes from two prominent nobility families. She is the great-great-great-granddaughter of Fulberaht Sognnaes, one of the founders of the Democratic Party in the 19th-century. She is also the great-granddaughter of Baron Ekkehardt Schjelderup, who served as minister in the 1920s, and one of the leading members of the Patriotic League a far-right monarchist political party. She is single and she has no children.
BiographyShe spent her childhood living in East Moreland and Bakkernaya. Back in Jugland, she is said to have participated in political campaigns of the People's Party, although she was never a member. It does not seem she was very active politically in the university. She started a doctorate but she did not complete it. In late 2014, she was arrested during a protest in Amvkhar and spent two months in jail. She left Jugland in 2016 but returned in 2019. She moved to Amvkhar where she worked for a law firm. She joined Progressive Radical Party, a small left-leaning political party, in late 2019.

In 2020, she was elected to the Constituent Assembly in Albrektberg fifth district, as candidate for a left-leaning coalition, by a difference of merely 797 votes. In late 2020, the Progressive Radical Party merged with other left-wing political parties to create the Workers Democratic Party. She was elected to the National Assembly, becoming one of the two MPs from the Workers Democratic Party in the Juglander parliament.

Factbooks and Maps / Re: Factbook of Jugland
« on: June 11, 2021, 03:25:52 PM »
History: Important People of Jugland (4)

Hrodgarr Ortwyn Northug (1822-1898)
Hrodgarr Northug was a writer and theologian. He graduated on Natural Sciences and Theology in Nordheim. He moved to Albrektberg where he continued his religious studies and in 1859, he would become Klok or religious magistrate. In the 1860s and 1870s, he achieved notoriety as a polemicist, for his articles written in his brother's newspaper. He became a close advisor of Prime Minister Hughardt Grimseth in 1880 and joined Baldwyn Solberg-Hakomsen's government in 1881-1883, where he tried to revert many reforms of the previous Liberal governments.

In 1884, he joined the Royal Juglander Academy Sciences. He continued concerned about political affairs, however, and he continued to write in conservative newspapers about political issues. His most famous work was "Elements of Theology", in which he denounced both secularism and atheism. He was a monarchist, although he became disillusioned about the political future of Jugland in his last years. He published "Thoughts on the Past, the Present, and the Future" (1894), his last works, which was later considered prophetic in conservative circles in early 20th century, in which he denounced democracy, liberalism, and socialism, and called to roll back to an absolute monarchy as form of government. He ended convinced that constitutional government inevitably leads to a socialist state. Controversially, however, he also proposed to restore elective monarchy.

Grimwald Hagen (1828-1889)
Grimwald Hagen was a journalist, writer, and politician. His family moved to Emrta in 1844. He graduated in Natural Sciences and Philosophy in the Royal College of Amvkhar. However, he was not interested in academic life. Instead, he started a career as journalist, writing for several liberal newspapers. He also published poems in literary reviews.

In 1859, he joined the Democratic Party. He was heavily influenced by Fulberaht Eysteinn Sognnaes, promoting agrarian collectivism and radical liberalism. He was elected to the parliament in 1864, being reelected in 1865, 1868, 1871, 1875. He was the leader of the Democratic Party from 1866 to 1878. Although he was a virulent polemicist, as Sognnaes, he also opposed the idea of a violent revolution.

Although he continued to publish books and articles on political theory and history, his influence in the Democratic Party declined in his last years, particularly after the creatio nof the Federation of Communist Workers, the first Marxist political party in Jugland, in 1884, which was joined by some of the most radical members of the Democratic Party, and the creation of the Socialist Party one year after his death. In the decade after his death, the Democratic Party would move toward a more liberal-progressive orientation.

During the short-lived Republic of Jugland, he was venerated as a forefather of the first republican government in modern Jugland, and many statues were built in his memory. However, most of them did not survive after the monarchy was restored in 1906. In his lifetime, Hagen gained respect, even by some of his enemies, for his oratory skills and the vivid style of his historical and political books. However, his popularity declined in the following decades, as his historical writings started to be seen as political pamphlets, while his political ideas were seen as either unpractical or obsolete.

Waramund Gerhnod Bjork (1832-1918)
Waramund Bjork was born in southwestern Jugland. He came from a family of middle-class landowners. His father was a leading Juglander literary critic and historian. In his youth, he was heavily influenced by his uncle Ekkehardt Othmarr, who was a member of the Liberal Party and served as minister from 1868 to 1871. He moved to Albrektberg in 1851, where he enrolled in the Royal College of Albrektberg, where he studied Law and accounting. Unwilling to continue with the family business back home, he moved to Sandberg in 1856, where he started to work in the public administration.

Meanwhile, he started to publish articles on Juglander history and social sciences. In Sandberg, he started to gain reputation as a lecturer in public conferences, where he often discussed economic ideas. He was a sympathizer of the Liberal Party, supporting a constitutional monarchy as ideal form of government. However, he disliked the free-trade theories defended by the leaders of the Liberal Party. Bjork promoted a protectionist economic policy as the only way to develop Jugland and build a prosperous national industry.

He moved to Albrektberg in 1873. He was professor of Administration and Political Ideas in the Royal College of Albrektberg from 1874 to 1877. In 1879, he joined the Ministry of Finance. He was promoted as ministerial under-secretary in 1886. In 1898, he served for six months as Minister of Administration and Public Works in Fredenand Kjelling's government, which included both members of the Conservative and Liberal parties.

During his time in Albrektberg, Bjork was briefly interested in socialist literature. However, he ended rejecting socialism as he considered that it was not a very practical political ideology. Bjork was a nationalist, promoting both economic protectionism and national self-interest. He felt that economic theories were too abstract, as they failed to consider that it was the nation and the family the base of an economy, not the individual or the humanity as a whole.

Bjork was not involved politically in the end of the monarchy and the establishment of a republican government in 1901. After his time as minister, he had returned to Sandberg. During that time, he seemed to be mostly concerning in researching in his book about the economic history of Jugland, which would eventually published in 1917. He did not support any political party at the time.

However, in 1905 he returned to Albrektberg, where he served as Minister of Finance for sixteen months. He attempted to estabilize the economy, but he failed to do so as he struggled to deal with the increasing political tensions, a growing wave of strikes, as well as the effects of the radical agrarian reform enforced by the previous republican government. In 1906 he moved to Sandberg. Two months later, the Republic of Jugland would collapse following a coup d'etat. Bjork was arrested in 1907 but he would be released two months later.

Gautberaht Hermann Lillefjell (1848-1921)
Gautberaht Lillefjell was a writer and social reformer. He was born in a wealthy family. He moved abroad in 1868 where he enrolled in several universities. He returned to Jugland in 1874, where he did a doctorate in law. He is considered one of the founders of sociology in Jugland, publishing many scientific articles and books. He moved to Amvkhar in 1879. He was professor of Social Science in the Royal College of Amvkhar from 1881 to 1894.

During the monarchy, Lillefjell was a sympathizer of the Liberal Party, although he was never involved politically. He funded and created several schools in both Emrta and his native town. He served as Minister of Education in Godehardt Kraggerud's government in 1895-1896. During the Republic of Jugland, he would be elected to the national parliament in 1902, as the candidate of a moderate party. He joined the government as Minister of Trade 1903, although he was only two months in office, as the government collapsed and it was replaced by a more radical republican government.

He was not active politically in the last years of the republic and the first year of the monarchy, although he was appointed Minister of Education in 1914, being the only person to have served as ministers in the reign of Godric IV, the Republic of Jugland and the reign of Theudbald again. He left the government in 1917, and he returned to Amvkhar, where he would die.

Sigeweard Lovoll (1852-1914)
Sigeweard Lovoll was a lawyer, politician, and socialist activist, known for being the founder of the Socialist Party.

Lovoll studied in the universities of Kaninheim and Sandberg. From 1876 and 1881, he worked as a lawyer for a law firm in Hunnund, western Jugland. He moved to Albrektberg, where he started his political career. He was elected to the parliament in 1884 as a candidate of the Democratic Party, although he was not reelected. His opposition with the leadership of the Democratic Party would increase until 1887, when Lovell and several of his supporters would be expelled from the Democratic Party.

In 1890, he founded the Socialist Party, which was joined by a large number of Democratic Party members. The Socialist Party, however, although it had an increasing growth of members in the next decade, it failed to be politically relevant, and it had only one member in the parliament when it was dissolved in 1900. He was a member of the parliament during the Republic of Jugland. After the fall of the republic, he would be arrested and sentenced to ten years of imprisonment. He was, however, released in 1912. He continued as leader of the Socialist Party until 1914, although his leadership had a mostly honorary role since 1908.

During his lifetime, particularly from 1890 to his death, Lovoll was the most famous and influencial socialist author in Jugland. He published many books and articles on socialist theory as well as political pamphlets. However, more scholars consider him as a popularizer of the ideas of others rather than an innovator. He supported the idea of a peaceful and bloodless revolution, although the Socialist Party was rather surprised with the end of the monarchy in 1901, and they had a rather limited role during the Republic of Jugland (1901-1906). In 1904, the Socialist Party obtained 24 seats, their best result, and they never joined the government during the republic.

Unlike Marxist authors, Lovell rejected the idea that socialism would imply the eventual abolition of the state, and considered the state as an independent political entity, a necessary instrument for the achievement and protection of a socialist classless society.

The Socialist Party would be banned in 1906, and it remained an underground organization until 1931, when it was allowed to register as a legal political party again. However, the membership of the Socialist Party had declined in the 1920s, and Lovell's ideas and books had a much more limited influence after his death.

Adelmarr Hughardt Ostensen (1864-1914)
Adelmarr Ostensen was a historian and politician, who played an important role in the last years of the monarchy and the republican period.

He studied in the State University of Albrektberg, where he graduated in law. In 1891, at the age of 27, he published his first book on Medieval Jugland. He was elected to the parliament in 1895 as a candidate of the Liberal Party. Unlike other politicians from the Liberal Party, he did not oppose the abolition of the monarchy in 1901 (although he had not publically supported republican ideas in the past either). He served as Minister of Justice in the first republican government. In the 1901 legislative election, he was elected to the parliament as an independent candidate. He joined the Democratic Party in 1902, and he served as Minister of War in 1904-1905 in the so-called radical republican government. After that, he left the Democratic Party and created his own political party, the Republican Liberal Party. Although the Republican Liberal Party only obtained 20 seats, he was appointed President of the national government in late 1905, although his government only lasted three months.

The 1906 coup d'etat that ended the Republic of Jugland surprised him in Sandberg. He immediately fled the country. He was allowed to return to Jugland in 1912. He would not be involved in politics again and he started to write his memoirs, but death surprised him in early 1914.

During the Republic of Jugland, Ostensen was considered a moderate, and he was strongly opposed socialism, although he was a pragmatist and negotiated with radical republican leaders when he needed to achieve his political objectives, which caused him to be extensively despised by conservative and right-wing sectors. Historians, as well as the public in general, are divided between those who consider him a stateman and those who consider him mostly an opportunist.

International News Networks / Re: Juglander Review
« on: June 11, 2021, 01:01:21 AM »
Juglander Review

Trial on failed coup d'etat starts in Albrektberg

Although Jugland has been making headlines worldwide as consequence of the recent water shortage in Austland, the national media has been busy this morning with a rather different event. That is, the start of the trial against the failed military insurrection in Albrektberg and Midtenstadt aimed to depose the constitutional government of the Federal Union of Jugland.

Because of the dimension of the case and the large number of suspects (more than 200) is expected that the trial will be a long one, however, which may last weeks and even months. Germund Garborg, Federal Attourney General, has declared that, despite this circumstances, he is confident that the trial will be successful and that truth will be discovered and those responsible behind "this vile attack against our democracy" will be punished with "the fair weight of the law".

The trial will be held in the High Court of Albrektberg, by a team of three judges. It is expected that the first witnesses and suspects will not testity until next week.

Character Guides / Re: ABC of Jugland
« on: June 11, 2021, 12:42:39 AM »

Erwyn Moen
Positions heldNone
Current positionUnknown
Political affiliationNone / Unknown
EducationHe enrolled in the University of Nordheim twice (History and Theology) although he did not graduate.
FamilyMoen is the sixth of eight brothers. He is single and he has no children.
BiographyMoen moved to Albrektberg in 1995, and he had several jobs, including working for Ragnbjorg Herbjornsrud's pharma company, in which he had an office job. In 1997, he started a career as freelance journalist, including starting to write articles on history and spirituality for a magazine associated with Society for the Enlightment of the Human Soul , or SOMME.

From 2000 to 2016, he also wrote for "Daglige Nyheter", a center-right newspaper owned by Lysegronn Media Group. In the meantime, he has published several books, dealing with topics such as theology, spirituality, conspiracy theories, history, and comparative religion. In 2017, he left Jugland and visited several countries, returning in early 2020. He was arrested in May 2021, as a suspect in the conspiracy which led to the failed Albrektberg armed insurrection. He was released from jail although he remained a suspect and was charged with several offenses related to the conspiracy.

Factbooks and Maps / Re: Factbook of Jugland
« on: June 10, 2021, 07:26:22 PM »
History: Important People of Jugland (3)

Hughardt Njall Ballangrud (1770-1828)
Hughardt Ballangrud was a politician and diplomat. He served as Chancellor of the Treasury (1807-1812) and Prime Minister (1812-1820 and 1822-1826). He was instrumental in the creation of the Council of Ministers in 1811, the first national government in the Kingdom of Jugland, and the introduction of several administrative reforms aimed to modernize the state. The same year, it was also established for first time a permanent parliament, although both the government and the monarch retained a veto power over the decisions passed by the parliament.

Ballangrud also founded the Conservative Party in 1817, aimed to break the tradition of the powerful political clans. Although the Conservative Party would remain the largest political party of the parliament for the rest of the century, the influence of the clans would effectively decline only in the 1840s. Although he is remembered a stateman who helped to build a modern government in Jugland, he was strongly opposed to democracy and he opposed to further expansion of the political franchise, restricting suffrage to propertied men, who gained him the hatred of left-leaning liberals and progressive forces.

Glaedwyn Ronningen (1804-1881)
Glaedwyn Ronninger was a diplomat and politician. His grandfather was a high-ranking military officer in the Juglander army. He moved to Albrektberg in 1824, where he started a brief career as journalist and wrote for several literary magazines as well. He started a career of diplomat in 1833, serving as ambassador in East Moreland and Eskdale. He returned to Jugland in 1840, and in 1842 he was elected to the parliament in the northwestern district of Nordheim. He served briefly as Minister of Education in Theudbald Pettersen's government from 1844 to 1845, but he was forced to resign as his reforms aimed to expand public schools over religious ones did not find the support of the monarch. He would remain a member of the parliament until his death, in 1881.

In 1848, he founded -along with another three members of the parliament-, the Liberal Party, aimed to strengthen the powers of the parliament over the government, consolidate the constitutional monarchy in Jugland, and as well as expanding the male suffrage at least to the middle classes. On economy, Ronningen defended free trade over protectionist policies. He would remain leader of the Liberal Party until 1872.

He was appointed Prime Minister in 1868, forming the first Liberal Party government in Jugland. However, the government lacked enough support in the parliament, and failed to pass important reforms. He was dismissed by King Mannwald III, being replaced by his arch-rival Reinhardt Ballangrud. However, as leader of the opposition he played an important role to achieve the 1864 reform, which expanded suffrage to nearby half of the male population.

Ronningen married twice and he had eight children. His son Albrekt Herewardt served as Minister of Public Works in Braekhus second government (1884-1886), while his great-grandson Grimwald served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1906 to 1916.

Reinhardt Walhafryd Ballangrud av Bakkerod (1811-1881)
Reinhardt Ballangrud was a politician and diplomat. He was the second Duke of Bakkerod. He served as Prime Minister three times (1846-1855, 1856-1864, and 1871-1876). He was the second son of Hughardt Njall Ballangrud. Reinhardt Ballangrud was elected to the parliament in 1840 at the age of only 29 years old, and following the retirement of Hermann Snorr Hakonsen, he became the leader of the Conservative Party in 1844. He was appointed Prime Minister by King Mannwald III. During his first government, the Charter of Amvkhar was sanctioned, and the Principality of Emrta was established.

In his second government, he consolidated the power of the Conservative Party, effectively ended the influence of the political clans, which had dominated Juglandís politics since the 18th-century, and which led him to create the Conservative Party.

After the death of Mannwald III in 1875, he failed to gain the confidence of the new monarch, Hramnberaht II, and he would be dismissed as Prime Minister in late 1876. Although he remained as leader of the Conservative Party, his influence declined after 1878, and he did not run for reelection in 1881, retiring from politics. He would die only a few months later, in his native home.

Although he headed the government more years than his father, he struggled to keep the Conservative Party united amid many internal factions. In order to mantain in power, particularly in his second and third governments, he was forced to offer many concessions to both the conservative and moderate factions of the parliament, including the 1875 electoral reform.

Fulberaht Eysteinn Sognnaes (1812-1878)
He was a writer, politician and political thinker. Sognnaes was born in the nobility, but he soon showed a passion for liberal and progressive ideas. He was elected to the parliament in 1849, and joined the Liberal Party. However, he soon became disillusioned about the compromises by Ronningen and the other Liberal Party members. He was one of the founders of the Democratic Party in 1854, although he failed to be reelected to the parliament in 1860. In 1861, he moved back to this native town in northeastern Jugland. There, he continued publishing books, mostly on history, political theory, as well as his memoirs, published posthumously in 1880.

His political ideas evolved from liberalism in his youth to increasingly left-leaning, toward radical democracy and, in his last years, adopting a form of socialism. His parliamentary experienced caused him to dislike liberalism and middle-class values, and he sought authenticity among the peasants, something he was close to achieve in his rural retirement in his last years.

In his final writings, he promoted both socialism and individualism, supported a form of agrarian socialism, in which capitalism would be replaced by small-scale communal living with the protection of individual liberty and a socialist government mostly in charge to protect order and promote cooperatives. He, however, rejected revolutionary socialism.

After his death, there was a great interest in his ideas, and his books were very popular in democratic circles and between the workers movement. However, in the 20th century, his influence declined, as his ideas started to be seen as archaic and obsolete by the largest left-wing and socialist political parties and authors. Although in recent decades there was a growing interests in his writings, mostly in academic circles.

Adalwynda Naess-Schjelderup, a current Juglander politicial and member of the National Assembly, is a distant descendant of Sognnaes.

Lamprecht Braekhus (1809-1898)
Braekhus was a writer and politician, leader of the Liberal Party from 1872 to 1894. He was Prime Minister twice, from 1876 to 1880 and from 1884 to 1886. He also served as minister from 1868 to 1871, during Ronningen's Liberal government.

Braekhus joined the army but retired in 1842, after he suffered a wound that caused him to lose his left arm. During the next years, he travelled through Coft Aranye, Alba Karinya, and Northern Ardia, writing several travel books, which became relatively popular at the time in Jugland. He realized about the growing gap between Jugland and many countries, and became a determined reformer, aimed to the modernization of the country. Although he had admired Rekdal's writings in his youth, he moved to the left in his 30s, although he was not a radical. Braekhus gained the confidence of Ronningen, after the former joined the parliament in 1847. Although he was not one of the founders of the Liberal Party, he officially became a member in 1859. He served in Ronningen's administration (1868 and 1871) and replaced Ronningen as leader of the Liberal Party in 1872.

Unlike Ronninger, Braekhus was not shy to publicize his own ideas. In the 1850s and 1860s, he published several books -most of them, collection of essays that he published in liberal and moderate newspapers, exposing his ideas. He tried to convince the public, and in particular the cultural and economic elite, of the need of important reforms for the development of the monarchy and the advancement of the science required for such task. He was not shy in his defense of a constitutional government for Jugland. He, however decried revolution and always worked in the framework of the Juglander monarchy.

Although his governments were able to pass more reforms than the first Liberal government, he faced increasingly social turmoil and political division, particularly during his second government (1884-1886). Although the several electoral reforms increased the influence of the Liberal Party in the parliament, it also mobilized more radical groups which demanded democracy and political rights. Already in his 70s, Braekhus was seen as part of the political establishment, and his younger left-leaning political rivals had not the patience that the Liberals demanded. His government's ban of public political meetings in 1886, led to violent crash between the militarized police and supporters of the Menneskarr Movement, which defended democratic and republican ideas, resulted in more than fifty casualties in Albrektberg. Two weeks after, he was forced to resign. He continued as leader of the Liberal Party until 1894.

Hildebrandt Wyne Holman (1812-1875)
Hildebrandt W. Holman was a philosopher and political thinker. He was born in Morkhaven, a small town nearby Amvkhar. His grandfather and his father were religious magistrates. He graduated in Law in Amvkhar and moved to Albrektberg in 1836, where he continued his studies in Philosophy and Natural Science. In Albrektberg, he joined republican circles. However, in 1841 he moved back to Amvkhar, where he married Albyna Hareide. In 1847, he started to write for a local liberal newspaper. In 1849, he was offered to be correspondent for the newspaper -he initially wrote literary reviews-, and lived abroad until 1854.

When he returned to Jugland, he felt disappointed about the political climate and the lack of initiatives of both the Liberal Party and the democratic groups. He was fired from the newspaper after he wrote an article criticizing the monarchy. By that time, Holman was not only a republican but, influenced by foreign authors, also a socialist. He met Sognnaes in 1856, although Holman was rather disappointed about the meeting (Sognnaes did not mention Holman in his memoirs, although he negatively reviewed a book pubished by Holman a few years later). Unlike Sognnaes, Holmas justified revolutionary action to achieve socialism. Holman kept contact with members of the Democratic Party, although he was never a member.

Holman considered history a product of the struggle of races, nation, and classes. He was familiarized with Marxist literature and he was sympathetic toward communism but considered that same factors would operated under socialism. He was forced to exile in 1869, after one of his books was banned by the authorities and a legal process against him was initiated for "promoting immorality" and "corrupting the mind of the youth". He would never return to Jugland, and he would die in 1875.

Diplomacy and Events / Re: Water Solution
« on: June 10, 2021, 03:17:11 PM »

Private communication

National Council, Federal Union of Jugland
To Holy Empire of Achkaerin

Your offer of assistance is welcomed.

The port of Haugefjord, state of Vannesdal, will be ready to receive any Achkaerin vessel.

The Department of Transport, Energy and Communications will be in charge of the logitics and will directly coordinate with MKNS Atom to assure that provision will be mobilized to the affected areas.

Yours sincerely,
Burkhardt Kvalheim, Secretary of Foreign Affairs
National Council, Federal Union of Jugland

Diplomacy and Events / Re: Water Solution
« on: June 09, 2021, 02:51:23 PM »

Private communication

National Council, Federal Union of Jugland
To First Empire of Rokkenjima

We are grateful for your offer of assistance.

The mentioned carriers should direct to the port of Haugefjord, state of Vannesdal, southeastern Jugland, where everything will be prepared to receive IRN Endymion and IRN Expedition. The Department of Defense and the Department of Transport, Energy and Communications will be in charge to coordinate the operation and to assure the received supplies reach their destination as soon as possible.

We have mobilized all available Juglander Air Forces units so we can assure the quick transportation to the counties affected. The Department of Defense will immediately contact you for solving any problem that your fleet may during their travel to our nation.

Yours sincerely,
Burkhardt Kvalheim, Secretary of Foreign Affairs
National Council, Federal Union of Jugland

Diplomacy and Events / Re: Water Solution
« on: June 08, 2021, 10:41:23 PM »

Private communication

National Council, Federal Union of Jugland
To East Moreland

In behalf of the people of Jugland, I am grateful of the assistance offered by your government.

The Department of Defense, which is currently in charge of reestablishing the water supply at a federal level since yesterday, will immediately contact your government to establish a proper channel so the water supplies offered can be delivered. We have already started preparations so, either by air or by sea, we are immediately prepared to welcome your supplies.

We have also approved the acquisition of those 100 Watly offered units, although their use will be subjected to a positive report that we have entrusted the Committee of Experts in charge to review the current situation, to determine if they could be deployed for both technical and operational reasons.

Yours sincerely,
Burkhardt Kvalheim, Secretary of Foreign Affairs
National Council, Federal Union of Jugland

International News Networks / Re: Juglander Review
« on: June 08, 2021, 05:07:36 PM »

Juglander Review

Austland facing water shortage in supermarkets

Following the decision by the federal government to continue with the water stoppage in six provinces in Austland, along the official recommendation by the Austland government to not use tap water for neither drinking or cooking, supermarkets in the region have failed to guarantee their supply of drinking water, causing shortage of water as the consumption demand increased.

Local media and national television have showed many images of long queue of consumers to buy the last supplying of drinking water, as well as empty shelves of water and other drinking products in many supermarkets and local shops. In some cases, the inality of suppliers to met the demand of drinking water resulted -in a few cases- with chaotic scenes and verbal disputes.

Meanwhile, in other nine provinces in central government the Austland government authorized the reestart of the supply of water supplying to houses through the municipal system. However, the recommendation that they could use said water for taking a shower or washing dishes but keeping provisionally the recommendation that not to use for drinking, has not calmed down most consumers.

Secretary Edda Stordalen has announced that the such measures are likely to continue for the rest of the week, and apologize for any inconvenience. She, however, insisted that both the federal and Austland governments are working as hard as possible to solve this situation.

"Other regions, as such as [Austland's] provinces and towns unaffected by those measures, should not worry about the service of water supplying", she declared, calling citizens to avoid "unjustified panic", and continue with their lives as usual, and following the authorities' recommendations.

She also announced that, following a meeting with the Austland state governmetn scheduled this afternoon, the federal government will address the nation in order to clarify any doubts the public may have about the current situation.

Diplomacy and Events / Re: A Toxic Cloud
« on: June 08, 2021, 04:22:09 PM »

Hivttenvann valley, State of Austland

"This is the place, Assistant Secretary", Walden said.

"Has the search concluded?", Aelfryda asked.

"Yes, that's right", Walden answered. "We have taken enough samples, so we're just cleaning the area. It could take weeks, however, as the area is quite large. Obviously, we will have to week until the lake sampes are analyzed before we have a final evaluation of the situation here".

"Alright", Aelfryda replied. "Any idea how that could reach here?", she asked.

"Not sure about that", Walden answered. "But I guess that the idea about industrial spill can be abandoned, at least provisionally. It's difficult to have a definitive anwers, particularly given how many areas were affected. It looked, however, as someone was here before, cleaning much of the area, as footsteps and signs of removal of land and stones seem to suggest. It is difficult to have a final answer about that, until we receive confirmation from both the state government and the other departments".

"Understood", Aelfryda said. "Good job...How much are is affected?".

"Thank you, Assistant Secretary...", Walden replied. "There were cases in more than one hundred towns and villages, if I can rembember correctly...At least two rivers were affected. We are waiting for more results. But given the preliminary results, I'm afraid that the provisional measures should continue, or even be expanded. I'll try to have the results as soon as possible".

"That's right", Aelfryda replied. "This must be our priority, this should be solved as soon as possible...Where are we going now?".

"Starborg regional airport", Walden answered. "Nearby there, there is one of the most affected areas. We will talk with Doctor Bjorum, who is leading the investigation there. If I'm not wrong, fetal deaths in at least five nearby towns increased a 200%, even if that number has started to stabilize".

"I'm ready", Aelfryda replied, "let's move".

"Yes, Assistant Secretary", Walden said. "Tell Lukas to prepare the helicopter", he ordered to another man.

Factbooks and Maps / Re: Factbook of Jugland
« on: June 06, 2021, 11:24:19 PM »
History: Important People of Jugland (2)

Giselmund Albrekt Vildalen av Hemarr (1720-1788)
He was writer, politician and philosopher.  In 1754, he moved to Albrektberg, where he was appointed to several state administration positions. During those years, he wrote extensively, both in official report and published works on political and economic issues, with a monarchist but modernizing view. In 1776, he joined the government as Minister of Justice, in which he attempted to reduce the role of the religious courts, and started several draft for new laws. However, most of those projects were not inconclusive. He, however, was able to gain Queen Aldegunda support to pass a law which, between other things, would abolish death penalty against the clergy for violation of their religious vows. He was dismissed in 1778. He returned to Hernstadt, his home town, where he started his project of writing a dictionary of Csletian language. After the dead of Aldegunda I in 1780, he felt out of favour and he would be arrested in 1782, expending the next five years in prison. When he was released, he was already seriously ill, and he would die a few years later.

Besides his political writings, Vildalen wrote extensively on natural philosophy and psychology. He considered that all knowledge comes from the senses and there are no innate ideas, which led to many to consider him a pioneer on materialism thinking in Jugland, despite he denied in his correspondence to be an atheist.

Gaufryda Odilia Vildalen av Hemarr (1726-1781)
Gaufryda, also known as "Fryda Vildalen", was a noblewoman and Juglander poet, Giselmund Vildalen's only sister. She married to Baron av Norebo, who was a personal friend of his brother. In 1777, the couple moved to Albrektberg, where they joined Giselmund. She became a prominent member of Queen Aldegunda's court. However, her husband would died in 1779, and she would move back to her late husband's hometown.

Her literary work would only be published posthumously, but they would be rediscovered in late 19th century. As it was typical at the time, her poetry was mostly moralizing although they have also social criticism, particularly about the role of women and hypocrisy. A collection of the collected letters between her and his brother was published in the early 20th century, becoming very popular in academic circles, in their letters, they talked about daily and family issues, but also discussed about poetry or mythology, two topics that highly interested to Gaufryda. She died in 1781, after a cholera epidemy affected the province where she lived her last years.

She was suspected to play an important role in the reform of the clergy statute enacted by her brother. However, she described priestesses in one of her poem as "slaves of fate", and she allegedly opposed that her second daughter, as it was a tradition in noble families at the time, were sent to a religious school to be ordered priestess. These aspects of her biography, as well as being reclaimed by feminists and republicans as an ideological foremother, made her controversial in early 20th century. However, since the 1990s, many schools, libraries and streets were renamed with her name.

Hramnberaht Wulfgang Sollied av Gjortzen (1739-1824), known as Hramnberaht Gjortzen
He was a philosopher and mathematician. His ideas, including support for a liberal economy, public instruction, and constitutional government made him a highly influencial author in Juglander liberalism.
Before 1790, his writings mostly focused on science, writing particularly on integral calculus. He had joined the Royal Academy of Sciences in 1782. The next year, he was requested to write a treaty on astronomy, which was funded by the state.

In 1790, he published a treaty on pedagogy, in which he defended the abolition of physical punishments. In the next years, he wrote several philosophical and political treaties, in which he started to expose his political views. After being identified as the author in a treaty published under a pseudonym, in which he criticized the absolute monarchy and defended parliamentary elections, he was expelled from the Royal Academy of Sciences. He was briefly imprisoned in 1796, and he was definitely sent to exile in 1799. He would not be allowed to return to Jugland until 1821. His works would be influential in the founding of the Liberal Party, several decades after his death.

Cynebaldina Bertha Walhafryda Hagen-Ekeberg av Tronmark (1758-1822), also known as Duchess of Tronmark
She was the only daughter of Gautberaht Hagen-Ekeberg, 6th Duke of Tronmark, who served as Chancellor of the Treasury in the reign of Wulfgang I. In 1777, she was married to Frederick Oldenburg, a Danmark national, who was at the time in a diplomatic visit to Jugland. She was 19, and her husband was 46.

The couple moved to Albion, where the Duchess would play an active role in the Copenhagen court. They had six children, but four of them died in infancy. It is believed that her son Ludvig Frederick, born in 1784, was the child of the Duchess and Hugleikrarr Kolseth, who was serving as Juglander ambassador in Danmark at the time. In Albion, she wrote "Letters to Jugland" (1782), a satirical work in which she depicted events of her own biography and Juglander history but as if she was actually describing the Albion nation. The book was misunderstood but she exposed in it some of her liberal ideas. Her husband died in 1797. She got bored about life in Danmark and returned to Jugland in 1799. She became Duchess of Tronmark after the death of his father, and she hosted a salon in Albrektberg, in which both politicians and writers often attended.

In 1801, she published under a male pseudonym a provocative novel "Bertha", in which she described a young priestess being pursued romantically by all kind of men from all social stratums of Juglander society. The novel was automatically banned by the authorities. She started to write articles under her name in a moderate newspaper, something unusual for a women in the time, mostly on literary criticism. In 1804, she published "An Outline of Juglander literature". It would be, however, her social activities which would cause her demise, as authorities started to suspect that her salon had become a source of plotting against Hughardt Ballangrud's government and she was forced to exile from Jugland. Between 1810 to 1814, already in her 50s, she visited several countries in both Alba Karinya and East Ardia. In 1815, she returned to Jugland, although she was not allowed to return to Albrektberg. In 1818 she published "On Life on Jugland", an essay which dealed with philosophical questions and description of social institutions, and a last novel, about the life of a recently married woman.

After Queen Aldegunda I, Duchess of Tronmark is considered one of the most influential women of the time. She is also considered a precursor of feminism in Jugland, although she often held contradictory views about the role of women in society. She exchanged letters with many important men, both in Jugland and abroad, including Hramnberaht Gjortzen.

Ekkehardt Lamprecht Rekdal (1764-1830)
Rekdal was born in a noble family of rather modest means from eastern Jugland. His father was a retired Lieutenant in the Royal Armed Forces. He was sent to study to Sandberg, where he studied Law, Theology, and Philosophy. He moved to Albrektberg in 1791, he moved to Albrektberg, joining the State University of Albrektberg. There, he made the acquaintance of Hramnberaht Gjortzen. He married Grimhildra Blomkvist, the daughter of a high-ranking military officer, in 1792, whom he would have seven children. During that time, he occupied himself with translating essays by foreign writers into Juglander language. He exposed some liberal ideas in his youth. However, he increasingly moved to the right in the next decades.

He is mostly remembered for his work "History of Jugland", a 10-volume national history. Many considered him as the founder of modern historiography in Jugland. In later decades, however, his political writings became more influential, considered as one of the main founders of political conservatism in Jugland. He openly supported the absolute monarchy, and his "History of Jugland" is considered by many of an epic defense of the founding of Kingdom of Jugland. In later writings, he attacked liberal authors as Gjortzen and Duchess of Tronmark, famously calling the latter to "stick to knitting" in a critical review. In 1822, he became an official advisor to King Leobwyn IV, and he was appointed to the royal parliament. He served briefly in the government under Prime Minister Fulberaht Storholt.

Character Guides / Re: ABC of Jugland
« on: June 06, 2021, 07:24:22 PM »

Godric Larsen
Positions heldNone
Current positionNone
Political affiliationFreedom Party (disputed)
EducationHe graduated in Business and Administration in the National University of Amvkhar
FamilyHe is single and he has a son.
BiographyLarsen was born in Soleimani, where his father, a textile industrialist, was living at the time. His family returned to Jugland in 1988, but he moved with his mother to Eskdale the next year, where they would live for four years. In 1993, he returned to Jugland to do the military service. Once he finished the military service, he graduated in the National University of Amvkhar. From 1998 to 2006, he had several roles in the family business. However, he left the family business in 2006, and between 2007 and 2010, he was living in several Coft Aranye countries.

In 2015, he enrolled to the armed forces as volunteer. He was wounded in 2016 and did not experience active combat after that. He officially left the armed forces in May 2020. In late 2020, he joined the Freedom Party, although he did not play an active role in the organization and he was never a candidate. The Freedom Party has recently declared that he stopped paying the party fees after early 2021, and therefore he was not a member of the party during the March 15 events. Between January and March, he allegedly visited several countries, including Royal Seleucid, Lakhzovia, and Achkaerin. He was considered one of the main conspirators in the Albrektberg failed insurrection, and he was charged by the Department of Justice of several crimes, including conspiracy against the constitutional order, but he allegedly fled the country the same day of the insurrection. He is currently a fugitive and the Juglander authorities issued an international warrant order against him.

His current whereabouts are unknown.

International News Networks / Re: Juglander Review
« on: June 06, 2021, 06:31:56 PM »

Juglander Review

Austland and federal governments divided on water shortages

Local organizations have protested against the water shortage in more that fifty towns in the state of Austland.

The water shortage was caused by technicall problems, according to the Department of National Resources and Environment.

The management and control of the water resources is a competence of the federal government, while state governments have exclusively competences on the distribution of water and control of the sewage systems, which the decision to cut the distribution of water -announced on Friday- has created tensions and division between the federal government and the Austland government.

Unlike the federal government, the Austland state government is composed exclusively by members of the National Democratic Party.

However, Governor Wighardt Bergersen had a more conciliatory tone in his speech this morning, declaring that they are offering all means at their disposal to the federal government, in order to solve this problem as soon as possible. He also offered to visit Midtenstadt in the coming days, in case that was necessary for a quickly improvement of the situation regarding the management of the water resources.

Diplomacy and Events / Re: A Toxic Cloud
« on: June 06, 2021, 04:15:00 PM »

Sandberg Center for Health Research and Control, a few days ago

"I finished the four autopsies", Fryda said. "It's exactly as you thought".

"Really?", Gerhnod asked. "Which was the cause of the death?".

"Three of them have different causes of death, certainly", Fryda argued. "Heart attack, failure of the nervous system, respiratory failure...However, considering that the victims did not know each other and came from different locations with no common contact, there is a component common in the bodies, and that is exposure to a toxic sustance".

"So poisoning, that's ", Gerhnod declared. "Well, at least this time we're facing something more conventional. Did you discover anything else?".

"The symptons are sometimes different, but seems to be common in most of the cases, at least according to the dossiers they sent us", Fryda answered.

"However, there were no signs of dermic reactions as the first cases, I believe?", Gerhnod added".

"That's right, there were no signs of epidermic reactions", Fryda replied. "Doctor Mordthen already sent me his analysis, he was able to isolate at least five main toxic components. Two of them are likely from one pesticide. The other ones, he is trying to identify as soon as it is possible".

"So I guess they were exposed to it in a different way", Gerhnod argued, "maybe something they ate?".

"That's right", Fryda said, "but such levels of toxicity are difficult to believe, they should have been able to detect them through conventional health controls".

"Yes, it makes sense", Gerhnod replied. "It could be something that it is not acquired in the usual ways. However, the fact that there were cases from different areas posses doubts how it can be that widespread".

"That's right...", Fryda simply replied.

"It's important to find the source as soon as possible", Gerhnod added. "Finish your report as soon as you can, we have to send a dossier to the Department of Healthcare as soon as it is possible".

"Yes, doctor", Fryda replied. "I'll do it immediately", she added, although Gerhnod was already leaving the room.

Diplomacy and Events / Re: A Toxic Cloud
« on: June 06, 2021, 01:41:19 AM »
Forgiftetstadt, late May

"Mrs. Naess-Schjelderup", Sigeweard said, "we have arrived". Adalwynda observed the contrast along the town main street, consisting in new building projects and what it looked like many abandoned houses and closed business.

"We have gathered a few people", Sigeweard explained, "the leadership from local associations and small business will attend, as well as relatives and witnesses of some of the families affected by the situation".

"Good morning", Adalwynda greeted as soon as they arrived. "First of all, I have come to hear your concerns and, of course, have a direct contact with the situation. We promise to help as much as you come".

"You are not the first one to come here", a woman said. "Representatives from the state government, as well as the town council, and other political parties, came here. But so far, we had no explanations and no solutions".

"Thora, calm down", another man said, while posing his hand on that women's shoulder. "At least they promised to bring the issue to the National Assembly".

"That's right", Adalwynda replied. "But I can understand your feeling. Obviously, it's not we can do much in the National Assembly, but I promise that we will address the issue, both in the chamber and any related commission where this situation may be addressed and, in case it was required, to address the issue publically, in either Midtenstadt and other places, as much as we can".

"I read some of the details in the communications you wrote and sent, of course", Adalwynda continued. "However, I have some questions".

"Go ahead", a man declared, who later identified himself as owner of a local packaging company.

"Thank you", Adalwynda replied. "When did exactly this situation start?".

"It was about two, three months I'd say", Grimwald said, "when the first effects appeared, when the animals started to die, wild animals first and soon the cattle started to get sick, without clear explanation".

"That's right", intervened the man from before, "plants and trees started to be affected as well, but a few weeks later, soon people started to get sick as well, here and other areas".

"Yes, I remember that", Adalwynda replied. "Is that when the situation started to get worse?".

"That's right", a third man said. "At first, it seemed simply an increase in allergies, but many people in the area started to be affected of respiratory issues, problems with sight and so on. However, in the last three weeks, things started to worse considerably, people started to get sick, inflammatory problems as well, and about twenty of them died. Then, the children started to get sick as well".

"What kind of help and assistance was offered?", she inquired.

"We have been visited several times", the man continued, "the last time, a large visit from the regional hospital. They did many tests and the state government later helped us with an increase of pharmaceutical supplies. However, we were offered no explanations. And more people got sick. It continues getting worse".

"I see", Adalwynda replied.

"Some people in the valley started to say that it could be related to Omrade", another woman intervened.

"Omrade...?", Adalwynda intervened.

"That's", a man explained, "it's a rumour that spread a few months ago...It's a place nearby a lake, a few counties from here", he continued. "I heard that some trees were affected by a strange illness and most animals in the nearby natural park died...The area was closed by the authorities, allegedly to do some testing. There were some rumours, some people said that some terrorist groups were attempting to poison the area, other spoke that it could be related to the nuclear plant that is being built 80 kms from here...".

"I see...", Adalwynda replied, not sure what to believe about such stories. "The best thing is that we pressure the government so a serious and independent investigation is launched about all this situation".

"But before that", Grimwald said, "we have more important problems. Many people are leaving the town, and the situation is increasingly affected the agriculture, which is the main source of work here. These predictions about possible coming bad harvest are worrying many, and consumption since then has decreased. The state government has promised aid to deal with the situation, but it won't be enough. More and more people have decided to leave the area. The health situation is concerning, indeed, but we will need a solution about the economic situation immediately as well".

"I underestand...", Adalwynda replied, in the middle of increasing voices that Grimwald's words have generated, particularly from relatives of some of the first people to be hospitalized, "that's important too, and we'll work to address that too. It's necessary that both the state and federal governments offer enough funds to all those affected areas".

"Let me to show Mrs. Naess", Sigeweard told Grimwald, "some of the documents and pictures that your people have collected, they could be useful to explain better the dimension of the problem".

"Yes, of course", Grimwald replied. "It's there I believe, give us just a minute". The visit lasted for another two hours, in which she was almost overwhelmed with questions, contradictory answers, and demands. There was a combination of both expectation and hopelessness, with a trend toward the latter, but she left the town with more doubts that she had when her travel -her first visit to Austland since she returned to Jugland- started.

International News Networks / Re: Juglander Review
« on: June 04, 2021, 11:44:01 PM »

Juglander Review

Authorities worried about mysterious disappearance of bees

Large parts of the country, particularly in the eastern regions, have been surprised by an unexpected and unprecedented event: the disappearance of bees.

Local authorities and conservationists have observed that around 70% of wild bees, as well as other similar especies, have disappeared in several provinces in the state of Austland. According to a study, in a particular rural area nearby Konndal, the number of wild bees which perished in the last months could be as high as 90%, compared to a estimation for the same period in the previous year.

Experts seem to be alarmed about the potential extinction of these small but important beings in the area, a situation that hasn't being witnessed in other states and regions of the country. The causes are still unknown, with the introduction of new pesticides and recenty warmer temperatures than average considered as possible hypothesis, although it is difficult that such causes would explain such big regional differences in this phenomenon.

It is not the ecological dimension that concerns both authorities and local communities, as this situation could become in an economic disaster for the region as well. Bees are the most important pollinators of many of the fruits and vegetables that are consumed by the public. It is considered that of the most of the crop species that provide 90% of the food supply, the majority of them are bee-pollinated. Although the impact could be reduced given the fact that, particularly in the northern provinces, there is a larger proportion of legumes in the local agriculture in Austland compared to other Juglander states, the impact could be still considerable.

Although wild bees are not the only animal species that seem to be affected by this sudden and mysterious environmental crisis, agriculture workers and companies in Austland are concerned about which effects could be had in the coming harvest season, which is due to start from July to November for the main vegetables produced locally.

The Department of Agriculture has announced that several measures have already been considered and planned, such as the introduction of bees in those affected areas, as well as sending scientific researchers to the regions affected. However, it is unclear if such measures will be possible at such large scale, and if it could have positive enough results in the short-term.

Austland state government has promised the creation of a fund and state subsidies to agriculture workers and companies that may be affected for this situation.

Character Guides / Re: ABC of Jugland
« on: June 04, 2021, 11:42:25 PM »

Hraban Tordenskjold
Positions heldCEO of Lysegronn Ltd
Current positionNone
Political affiliationUnknown
EducationHe graduated on Journalism and Psychology in the Royal Albrektberg College
FamilyHe is divorced (twice) and he has four children.
BiographyTordenskjold worked for several local newspaper until 1980, when he moved to Nordheim and he bought "Kunnskaper", a non-academic scientific magazine, after winning the lottery. In 1981, the magazine was renamed as "Sannhetssok" (meaning "Truth Seekers"). The magazine managed to increase its readers, although many of the original staff was replaced and the magazine content changed, introducing many articles about conspiracy theories and the UFOs phenomenon, which annoyed old readers. In 1982, he founded his own publishing house "Sannhetssok Research", which published books and dossiers on the new themes that the magazine published.

He is allegedly a founding member of the Society for the Enlightment of the Human Soul (also known as SOMME), an obscure non-profit organization that has publishes books on religious and spiritual topics. In the late 2000s, his media and publishing business started to promote nationalist literature as well. He expanded his media business, founding Lysegronn Media Group, although by the mid-2010s the group was at the verge of bankruptcy. He was investigated for providing funds to several suspects involved in the Albrektberg military insurrection against the Federal Union of Jugland in 2021, although no charges were officially issued against him.

Factbooks and Maps / Re: Factbook of Jugland
« on: June 04, 2021, 10:21:29 PM »
History: Important People of Jugland

Leobwyn I the Wise (1230-1293)
Leobwyn, a member of the House of Namnedam, was confirmed by the Royal Council to replace his father, King Hildebrandt I , being crowned as King of Jugland at the age of 31. He consolidated the military success of his father, who died only two months after the final defeat of the Csletian League. He also consolidated Jugland borders through several military campaigns while also improving the diplomatic standing of the kingdom with nearby countries.

Leobwyn was also known for his scientific interests -led him to sponsor the work of scientists, philosophers, and historians. He also is considered the author of several historical chronicles, in poetic form, which combines the narration of historical events with religious tales and folk stories with a moralizing meaning. He also funded the building of many religious temples, strengthening the political position of the Order of Werden althoug he also authored a law code which weakened the power of religious courts. His death, at the age of 63, started a period of political unstability that lasted several decades.

Mannwald I the Great (1541-1591)
Mannwald I became King of Jugland in 1579, following a long political crisis after the death of Grimwald I the same year. He was the first member of the House of Welhaven-Goltzam to become monarch, effectively starting the Welhaven-Goltzam Dinasty. He faced political and social turmoil during his reign, although he was able to external threats to the kingdom as well as introducing several administrative reforms.

He ended religious persecutions of Christians, more as a diplomatic tool on his foreign policy rather for religious or moral convictions. After a failed assassination attempt in 1584, he abolished the Royal Council, de facto turning the Kingdom of Jugland into a heriditary monarchy, a decision which would be established into law by his son, King Gerlach II.

A cult surrounding the personality of Mannwald I emerged during the monarchist restoration in early 20th century, promoted by nationalist and conservative politicians and writers. However, a more balanced and sometimes negative assessment of his reign appeared in recent decades. During his reign, it was also the last time that a Supreme Priestess of the Order of Werden was executed for violating the religious code, a controversial event which has been depicted in many literary works and films in the last decades.

Gautberaht Athanaric Bjerkesen (1570-1655)
Gautberaht Bjerkesen was a historian and politician. He was born in a noble family from Kanenheim. He served as Chancellor of the Treasury from 1628 to 1631, although he is mostly famous for writing "History of Albrektberg", a historical chronicle in which he depicted historical events from late 11th century to the reign of Gerlach II. The book is composed by fourteen volumes and more than one thousand pages, and he is considered the founder of modern historiography in Jugland. He was also considered one of the major political writers of his era.

Fredenand Undset av Hallbing (1639-1690)
Fredenand Undset av Hallbing, often known as simply Fredenand Hallbing, was a religious scholar and philosopher. He lived most of his life in Sandberg, although he lived in Albrektberg from 1681 to 1684,  serving as high magistrate in the Order of Werden. Previously, most of his career he was judge in religious courts. He wrote many religious works, being considered the most important religious scholar of the modern times. He is also is known for being the author of "Pious Legends", a group of moral tales retelling stories of Juglander mythology. He also defended the influence of the clergy on government policy in his more political writings.

Sporting Hub / Re: Jugland Sports Network (OOC Signups)
« on: June 04, 2021, 09:29:35 PM »
A reminder for those who may be interested in the Tennis event (see post above) as it is the last week to register for the event.

Applications will be closed on June 11th.

Diplomacy and Events / Re: A Crowned Island (Open RP)
« on: June 04, 2021, 08:41:56 PM »
"I am...pleased to meet you too", Mildgyd said, surprised by the sudden encounter with the East Morelander representative. "Ah, an interesting present, thank you", she said while touching and carefully observing the book. "I hope you can give my words of gratitude to King David, personally, whom I hope I can meet one day. We may meet in the reception. If you don't mind, I have to leave now", she added, gently walking away without looking back.

Without hurry, but without relay, the guests were moved to the Varselgodt Palace. The palace was built in the 1850s as a Summer residence for the Juglander royal family, and from 1879 to 1900 it also served as official permanent residence of the Grand-Duke of Emrta. The palace was officially part of Amvkhar metropolitan area, although it was only connected with the largest city of the island through a road in a largely inhabited area, around the northern hills. The palace had undergone several renovations and reforms, the last one in 2015, after the palace had suffered a limited and serious damage when it was hit by two home-made rockets. However, it was almost impossible to realize that the palace had to rebuild nearby one third of the main building.

The palace was properly divided in the main building, a neo-Gothic castle, as well as two large pavilions on the back of the main buildings, traditionally used for accomodating extra guests and hostings balls and parties, respectively. On the right, there was a small forest, which was impossible to access from outside and several wide gardens on the right side of the complex, which was the only way to get into, through the path that connected the esplanada where the cars stopped. Nearby the left side of the complex, there was a small botanic garden, which had been built in the late 19th-century and had famously trees and plants from the four continents.

Along the nearest garden to the castle, it had been installed a large number of seats and tables, as well as a long canopy which offered protection from the sun. There were offered drinks and small pieces of food for the guests, if they wanted to give them a try while they waited for the hour of the dinner (even if the proper banquet would take place in the buildings, the guests were soon explained). Those guests who decided, of course, were offered accomodation in the castle if they decided to rest a bit before the dinner.

When the recently proclaimed Grand-Duchess arrived, most of the guests, both national and foreign, had already come and were comfortably in the waiting area. Mildgyd, however, instead to follow the main path, followed a secondary one that led to the botanic garden, until slowly ascended to a small hill that had a small dome held up by five marble columns. There, three women wearing light tunics were waiting. When Mildgyd arrived there, she respectully bowed to the three ladies and softly knelt in from of the woman in the center, the one who was wearing more distinct clothing. When Midgyld stood up, the woman hold her both hands, and after repeating some words, she, with the help of the other two women, put a colourful mantle with detailed embroidery.

"This is not part of the official ceremony", Waramund Brundtland explained to some of the foreign guests, "but it's part of what you may describe a both historical and family tradition. There is still some time before the dinner, so if you need anything you can tell so to me or any of my assistants. In any case, the Grand-Duchess will arrive in a few minutes".

Brundtland left this group, approaching another one in which the Rokkenjiman envoy was. "Mr. Groves, I hope you enjoyed the ceremony in Amvkhar as well as the present evening", he told him. "Let me introduce you to Secretary Grimwaldyna Nygaard. "Nice to meet you", Nygaard said, who was the only member of the National Council who had attended the ceremony in Amvkhar.

"Let me introduce me", Amalberaht Oppegard told Kyla Gregory, the East Moreland representative, only a few metres where the previous group were. "I am Governor Oppegard. I hope you enjoyed our official ceremony. It may not be the kind of ceremony enriched with long traditions, but one with symbolical value, at least that was our intention", he explained. Mrs. Gregory may recognize Oppegard from before, as the governor was in the first row of parliamentary seat, close enough when the East Morelander representative approached the Grand-Duchess.

"Is there anything you need?", meanwhile Mrs. Skolem simply asked the guests from Achkaerin.

Diplomacy and Events / Re: A Toxic Cloud
« on: June 04, 2021, 04:54:38 PM »
Gronthap hospital, hours later

"Doctor Kalrsrud!", Gottwyna exclaimed. "Another twelve patients have arrived. They seem to have the same symptons.

"Let me see", Fryda replied, as she was taking the folders with the dossiers. "Ah, here is Gerhnod...Doctor!", she said as the doctor approached, bottoning his gown up. "These cases seem somehow related to the ones we had this morning".

"Which symptons this time?", Gerhnod asked.

"Partial heart failure", Fryda started to read, "breathing problems...and there seem dermal reaction, even burns in some cases".

"Two patients have serious breathing problems", Gottwyna intervened. "We had to intubate two of them immediately".

"The burnings in this patient seem rather superficial, I'd say", Fryda said, while examining the arms of a nearby patient".

"I agree", Gerhnod replied. "It looks mostly as an epidermic reaction".

"Strange coincidence. This feel like one of those religious stories in which the gods punished men for their misdeeds", Gerhnod added. "Anyway, is there anything common between the victims?".

"It doesn't look like that", Fryda replied, checking one of the folders. "It's not too far from the cases we received this morning, but it doesn't seem to exist anything in common about the location or circumstances".

"Alright", Gerhnod replied. "We will have time to think about that. Let's move these patients to the second floor so we can isolate them, just in case".

"Yes, Doctor Leonhardsen", Fryda replied. "Let's move, prepare everything", she added, looking at Gottwyna.

Character Guides / Re: ABC of Jugland
« on: June 03, 2021, 01:44:21 PM »
Hughardt Behn
Positions heldDeputy Minister of Defense (2020-2021)
Current positionMember of the Federal Committee for Security and National Defense
Political affiliationReform Movement
EducationHernstadt Military Academy. He completed courses on Law and International Relations in the Royal Albrektberg War Collegue
FamilyHe is married and has two children (from a previous marriage)
BiographyHe achieved the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in the Armed Forces. During the war, he worked as prosecutor in military courts. He was appointed Deputy Minister of Defense on September 2020. He resigned on February 2021, when the Provisional Government was replaced by the National Council.

He is not related to Herleva Behn, National Democratic Party member and former NPD Spokesperson in the Juglander Constituent Assembly

International News Networks / Re: Juglander Review
« on: June 03, 2021, 01:02:50 PM »

Juglander Review

Military service to be abolished

The National Assembly passed the National Defense Reform Act, which will abolish the compulsory military service and military conscription. The law was passed by a 312-19 vote. The law will also eliminate limitations on gender in the armed forces, and reform the internal code of conduct of the armed forces, as well as restricting military courts to judge civilian offenses.

Secretary Osgard Rimfeldt, despite having expressed their doubts about the complete abolition of the military conscription earlier, declared that the law will strengthen the armed forces and be a "resolute step toward the modernization and professionalization" of the Armed Forces.

The National Defense Reform Act will not immediately abolish the military service, however, as the ongoing military training will continue, but the Ministry of Defense will stop authorizing new enrollment communications, and those who are expected to join the military service after October 27th will be exempt to do military training if they decide so.

International News Networks / Re: Juglander Review
« on: June 03, 2021, 01:21:53 AM »

Juglander Review

National Assembly confirms date of coming by-elections

Bernhardt Krohg, Speaker of the National Assembly, has given green light so that the four pending by-elections to replace four members of the parliament can be held the same day. Krohg argued that this would allow to save resources and time to the election authorities.

Between those seats to be replaced is the one who belonged to former President of the Provisional Government Eadwald Engelsaas, who resigned last month, in a northern Albrektberg district. The other two seats belonged to representatives from the conservative Social Initiative coalition, one in Nordansk and a second in Vannesdal, while the fourth is another seat in Midstemsdal, from a representative from the Freedom Party who resigned after announcing disagreements on how his group was dealing with criticism regarding legal investigations to members of the organization suspected of ties with radical groups.

The four by-elections are scheduled on June 20th.

Diplomacy and Events / Re: A Toxic Cloud
« on: June 03, 2021, 01:07:15 AM »

Austland, a few days later

Aldwin prepared to take off. He, of course, had flown these skies many times in the last years. It was however the first time in a long time that he was going to pilot a cargo plane of this kind. Obviously, he ignored the technicalities of the operation. He just knew where they had to fly and what they had to do. He didn't exactly understand why would the Air Force being suddenly involved in such an operation, typically carried out by their civilian counterparts. But a relaxing but still active work day wouldn't be too bad for a change after all. And saving the forests may sound boring but it was not bad aim for a change after they had recently experienced.

The plane took off without incidents. Aldwin and his colleagues started their formation through the sky, flying toward their objective. As it was planned, at one point they divided in five groups. Aften ten minutes of flight, Aldwin was told by radio to prepare, they were arriving. He saw how the first planes, the smallest ones, started to open their hatches, starting the fumigation. Knowing what he had to do and where, Aldwin slowly distanced his plane from the formation, and prepared to do his part.

However, he understood something went wrong when he heard a strange noise that seemed to come from the back of the plane. The alarm started to light up and the machine started to ground even louder. As a consequence, he realized how the load started to descend in a disorderly fashion.

"Gronnhoyde tower, this is Ornrod 71", Aldwin declared through the radio, "I'm having a problem, the structure seems to be damaged. I have lost control of the modulation of the loading".

"Received. Is the flight stable enough? Can you operate it without any other incidences", it was heard through the radio.

"Yes, other parts of the plane do not seem to be damaged", he replied, "I can fly without problems, but I feel I may lose all the loading in a few seconds at this rate, without being able to continue the route planned".

"Received, it could be too dangerous to come back immediately, it could fall on civilian areas after all", the radio replied after a long pause. "The best thing is that you assure that the loading is empty before you came back to the base".

"Alright, I'll do that", Aldwin replied, "I'll communicate back when I'm position to come back".

"Ornrod 71, we expect your confirmation in a few minutes", the radio replied.

A few minutes later, when Aldwin assured the plane was light enough, he was told that the safest way was to land in a nearby aerodrome instead of the base. He did as good as he could, and although he landed safe, it was not the smoothest land of his career. He saw the damage on the back and doubted the plane would be able to take off in this conditions. About half a hour, several helicopters arrived to the base.

"Don't touch the plane, be careful", one of the men who descended from one of the helicopters said. "Let's clean this", he added. Aldwin just observed the scene and just shrugged.

Factbooks and Maps / Re: Factbook of Jugland
« on: June 02, 2021, 06:53:21 PM »

Culture: Calendar and Traditions


The Nyaera Calendar ("New Era") calendar was established in March 2021, to replace the traditional Juglander calendar which was based in the reign of the Juglander king, as a consequence of the abolition of the Kingdom of Jugland and the establishment of the Federal Union of Jugland.

The official calendar has twelve months of 30 days, as well as five or six extra days at the end of the year known as Solnedgangarr coincidental with the Sluttenatten festivities, one of the most important religious celebrations in the Order of Werden, the largest religion in Jugland.

New Year Day is held on December 31th, the day the Federal Union of Jugland was proclaimed.

List of months
  • Frysuar (December-January)
  • Regnuar (January-February)
  • Vinduar (March)
  • Spiruar (March-April)
  • Friktuar (April-May)
  • Solember (May-June)
  • Varmember (June-July)
  • Sommember (July-August)
  • Hvetuar (August-September)
  • Bygguar (September-October)
  • Kornuar (October-November)
  • Soloppganguar (November-December)

We are currently in the 1st Year of the Nyaera.

Festivities and Holidays

Gnistendagen is a festivity, which famously includes the symbolical burning of scarecrows and fruits, related to the worshipping of the goddess Dattra and the start of the harvest season. The festivity is particularly important in Albrektberg, former capital city of the Kingdom of Jugland, as the city has the largest temple dedicated to that goddess (Early February).

Mormarrgen (sometimes translated as "Mothers' Day") is a religious festivity dedicated to the souls of the women of your family -the deceased mothers, grandmothers, great-grandmonthers, etc.- who still watch over their descendants from the Underworld. It is a festivity associated with healing, bonfires, and dancing around them (late February).

Begynnelsen is a religious festivity held around consecrated to fertility and fecundity. It is traditional to paint stones with several colours and give them as a present to beloved ones, who in turn will bury them as a promise to the Spring Goddess (March 19-21).

Dodminnen (also known as "The Festival of the Death") is a religious festivity aimed to remember Atter rebellion against the other gods of the Upperworld. It is particularly important in Briskemyr, where there is the only existing temple dedicated to Atter. It is traditional that believers burn charcoal and cover their faces with its ashes. Although it is a serious and gloomy religious festivity, in recent decades it has given space to more joyous and ironic celebrations in popular culture (late April).

Heltendag is a religious holiday consacrated to Modigin, a mythical hero (May 4th)

Midtsommerfor is the festivity held the night before Gjenfodelsatten, consacrated to the veneration of the power of the Sun. It is tradition to sacrifice a lamb at midnight in the temples consacrated to the god Verme (June 20th).

Gjenfodelsatten is a 12-day festival held around Summer solstice, the most important festivity for the followers of the Order of Werden. It conmemorates the victory of God Enno over his rival Atter and the defeat of the forces of the Underworld, bringing light and warm back to the Middle World. Besides attending the religious rites and sacrifices, Gjenfodelsatten is a time for dancing, feasting and family meetings.

Brannetten is a religious festivity consacrated to the divinities related to the Fire. Wood and leaves are typically burned nearby related temples (late July).

Vennarrukelg is religious festivity consacrated to Vennarr, Supreme Guardian of the Middle World.

Taptsjeletten is a festivity held on Autumn Equinox. It is traditional that people light candels in temples and cemeteries for those who have not surviving relatives and therefore their souls are wandering in the Underworld.

Svinnehendagen is a religious festivity related to the end of the Harvest Season. It is not celebrated nationwide, however, although it can be very important in certain regions. It is particularly related to the Wind divinities (late September).

Svartten (also known as "Black Week" or "Dark Nights") is a religious festivity consacrated to the remembrance to the dead and one's own ancestors. It is traditional to held feast and family meetings at the end of the Svartten. It is believed that is the only time in the year that souls from the Underworld can visit the Middle World (late September-early October).

Fredagsdagen ("Peace Day") is an official and secular holiday held in the anniversary of the end of the Juglander civil war on October 2020 (October 27th).

Juglandagen ("Juglander Day") is a official holiday, the National Day of the Federal Union of Jugland (November 3rd).

Constitution Day is an official holiday on the day that the current Juglander constitution was passed by the Constituent Assembly on 20 December 2020 (December 20th).

Sluttenatten, also known as "Midwinter", is a religious celebration held after the Winter solstice (late December).

Diplomacy and Events / Re: A Toxic Cloud
« on: June 02, 2021, 01:24:25 AM »

Downtown Albrektberg, February 2021

"Excuse me,  Hughartd", Berahtrand Amundsen said, "this last meeting was exhausting".

"No problem, sir", Behn replied. "Is everything going alright?".

"I felt Kvalheim and his team made me to waste my time in the last weeks, and our hands tied as well", Amundsen complained, "and the elections are already over and our situation is likely worse".

"I understand the feeling", Behn replied. "I hope the coming negotiations won't be a problem for our work and plans".

"It shouldn't be", Amundsen replied. "But it's the other way around. We have rather to be careful about what to do. We can not allow more mistakes".

"Yes, sir", Behn said. "Obviously", he continued, "we will do as best as our can".

"In any case", Amundsen added, "I got authorization from the President to solve the situation by our own means, as long as the operation does not create more problems that the ones we are facing, after all".

"Really?", Behn said. "I'm glad you were able to convince him, I was not sure myself, given the situation and obviously risks".

"Obviously, I did not bore him with all the details", Amundsen replied. "I have known him for very long, and I understood that he realized the situation. We can no longer hide the situation, as a local newspaper reported in detail about the situation in that village...And those National...[inaudible] will be ready and drooling to attack us and force our way out of the negotiations, I can imagine".

"Yes", Behn replied, "that's probably the case, we must be careful".

"But if the situation continues", Amundsen, "it would be a problem not just for our government but for our nation. Besides the health problem itself, it could heavily impact our standing and any investment. And all the National Assembly would be ready to use it against us. And maybe not just in a political sense".

"In any case", Amundsen continued, "I read carefully the last reports and dossiers you sent me. At least all that made enough sense to me, obviously. They may be prepared to deal with such situations, I don't deny, but they seem to entertain themselves in sending us on a wild goose chase".

"They are knowledgeable and they have been working as hard as they could", Behn argued. "It's a weird and crazy situation, after all".

"Those...technicians", Amundsen complained, "they understand the consecuences we're facing, but they seem happy enough to feed their own doubts. They dither too much even if they know we have no more time".

"It's a difficult decision in any case", Behn said, tried to balance the discussion.

"I'll left the operation in your hands", Amundsen ordered. "The operation must start as soon as possible. As I mentioned yesterday, I'm convinced that Plan C is the most sensible one. We have no time left and we must avoid that any information is leaked and panic spread around the country".

"Yes, sir", Behn replied. "I thought that would be your choice after all. I already prepared the terrain so the operation can start without obstacles. I'll do the best I can".

"Keep me informed about any setback or sudden change", Amunden added.

"Yes, sir", Behn said, nodding as he was leaving the room.

International News Networks / Re: Juglander Review
« on: June 01, 2021, 07:00:05 PM »

Juglander Review

Surprises continue in the 2021 Football Cup

Elite League leaders Nordansk FK suffered to qualify in Hamarrland.

With other top clubs such as FK Albrektberg and Amvkhar FK knocked up in the Juglander football cup in the previous round, Nordansk FK -which is currently leading the Elite Football League with four points ahead of the main rivals FK Albrektberg- hoped to keep their options to win the "double championship", that is, winning both league and cup the same seasons.

However, they had not it easy in their visit to Hamarrland, as the local team, SK Hamarrland was winning 2-0 before the end of the first half, until Strasberg scored a penalty kick barely a few minutes before the 45'. Despite this, SK Hamarrland -currently 11th in the Elite league classification- did not put it easy until Morgensen equalized in the minute 76 and Strasberg again scored again six minutes later. This ardous recovery will allow Nordansk FK to advance to the semifinals.

In the other match of the day, Ngeninta FK defeated SK Nordheim in the penalty knockout.

Yesterday, IK Grimborg easily defeated FK Sandberg 4-1, confirming its status as surprise star in this football cup, after having defeated SK Midtenstadt and the favourites FK Albrektberg in the previous rounds. Two teams from the second division advanced to the semifinals (IK Grimborg and Ngeinta FK), a feat that wasn't witnessed in nineteen years. Meanwhile, SK Albrektberg would be the other Elite Football League team in the semifinals, after they easily defeated SK Gronenheim in the other cup match yesterday. Despite their good season in the Elite League, SK Gronenheim offered a poor resistance and lost 1-3 against the Albrektberg club.

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