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Offline Jargalant (FKA Eskdale)

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The Khanate of Jargalant
« on: August 14, 2023, 11:01:30 PM »

THE KHANATE OF JARGALANT
National Motto: Together Under One Sky


In the 5th Century AD the leaders of Lijiang penetrated the Guulin Mountains intending to put the vast steppes under their control. At that time the people of the Jargalant region where more likely to fight each other than a foreign invader as their way of life was still very nomadic. The Lijiangian invaders secured the territory until the 9th Century until a time when a War-Lord by the name of Batzorig united three of the largest families and lead an attack into the ???? where the Lijiangians had established several key cities. Batzorig was highly successful and pushed them back through the mountain passes, there the much larger Lijiangian army were able to use their superior numbers and discipline to hold the advance. Over the next fifteen years there were a series of back and forth clashes where the Lijiangians would clear Batzorig and his forces from the mountains but once they attempted to march across the steppes the superior horseman skills of Batzorigs forces pushed them back until the whole process was repeated. As a result the then Dragon-Emperor and Batzorig, who was now using the title Khan of Three Clans, meet at Otgon Sum, what is today the capital of Jargalant, and made an agreement. The Lijiang Dragon-Emperor would help Batzorig defeat all the other Clans in return for an agreement that he and his descendants would never cross through the mountains, it was also agreed that the Dragon-Emperor would maintain at Batzorig's expense 150 fully equipped horseman drawn from the horseman of Batzorigs Army. This agreement held and by 878 Batzorig was declared Khan of All the Clans and accepted, according to legend, a bride from each of the Clans at his now capital of Otgon Sum. Once confirmed as Khan of All the Clans Batzorig declared his nation to be Jargalant, roughly translated meaning "Land of Joy"

Jargalant passed down five generations of Batzorig's bloodline until several of the more isolated clans tried forging independence from the Khan, these conflicts often lasted several years and the nation underwent several decades of conflict. This was a pattern that would persist until the 1600s. In 1687 Khan Chono II reformed the way the Khanate was set up, while the family had tried to control lands through family members appointed to be commanders in regions Chono realised it was best to use local families. As such he established a system heavily borrowed from Lijiang. He set up a series of schools, the largest in Otgon Sum, which took boys aged around three from across the Khanate and effectively brainwashed them into theological and military obedience to Chono II. Once they had reached the age of 15 they were returned to their family and put into service either through the religious service as Shaman or in the military as Jereeb, best described as the equivalent of a noble knight found in other cultures. Jereebs were given an area known as a "sum" or district to enforce the Khans law in, dispense justice, protect the people and manage day to day problems. The Jereebs were fiercely loyal to the Khan both because of their education but also they knew failure to do so would see all other Jereebs honour bound to kill not just them but their parents, wives and children. The Shaman class also used their teachings to help establish the Khan as a kind of conduit with Nom, the God of Wisdom.

Khan Chono II's reforms brought relative peace to the nation until the 1800's where there was a brief revolution by the peasant classes. This was harshly put down by the Jereebs and mass executions swept the nation using rather brutal methods. Khan Ganzaya III however understood that unless changes were made further Revolutions would be undertaken and so he opened up further schools to produce what could best be described as a civil service, this was open to boys of all classes and based on academic excellence alone. He also instituted the "Decree of the Khan and Nom" which put in place several moves to make life fairer for the peasants for example stating that each summer a Council would meet in the capital made up of all Jereebs and one elected individual from each "sum". At this Council the Khan would present lists of candidates for key jobs and must secure the support of both Jereebs and peasants in attendance for their appointment. The Decree also introduced a form of trial by jury and the Council would also be able to block changes in taxation. This seemingly did the trick as there have been no further serious revolution attempts.

Starting in the 1880's various occasions have seen the Council established under the "Decree of the Khan and Nom" used by succeeding Khan's to amend the Decree. Each of these amendments did not need the support of the Council but the Khan at the time did abide by their vote. One of the key amendments came in 1967 when it was determined modern technology meant the Council could more or less be established full time and no longer meet once a year, although this has remained a ceremony.

The Khanate is a land that has held tightly to its traditional roots and customs however the means have often changed. A good example of this is the connection to the horse, initially the horse was seen not just as a warriors tool but also central to herding lifestock ranging from sheep, to yaks, to feral horses. A man must present a potential wife with a horse before legally being allowed to marry. However in many ways vehicles have replaced them with Toyota Hi-Lux pick ups being a regular fixture on the steppes today, or even some more high tech families using drones to herd livestock.

The country is mainly made up steppes, forest and a small desert while in the ????? the ????? Mountains separate the nation from Lijiang and the foothills of these mountains include several cities. The majority of Jargalant citizens however live in settlements with less than 3,500 people.



Population:- 45,800,000
GDP per Capita:- $8,700
Currency:- The Tugrik (₮)  (100 möngö make up 1₮)

Capital City:- Otgon Sum (population 800,000)

Head of State/Government:- Khan Mönkhsaikhan II
Name of National Council:-  The Kurultai

Offline Jargalant (FKA Eskdale)

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Re: The Khanate of Jargalant
« Reply #1 on: August 15, 2023, 12:26:18 AM »
The Decree of the Khan and Nom

In 1887 Khan Ganzaya III drafted and then issued this Decree that has is effectively a constitution of the Khanate. Nom is the God of Wisdom and therefore the title of the Decree itself establishes a link between the Khan and the Gods.

Quote from: The Decree of the Khan and Nom

In order to create a land in which all people are able to witness the justice, mercy and love of the Khan the following orders are to be observed by all of his subjects.

1. The Khan is the true conduit between mankind and the Gods, in particular Ezen, the earth goddess

2. The Khan shall rule all the lands of Jargalant and be given the loyalty and respect of all his subjects. The Khan shall in return protect and guide all his subjects like a beloved child.

3. No subject may be punished without first being given a trial. This trial must be overseen by an appointed judge from the Khan. A persons guilt will be determined by a collective of three Jereebs and three other subjects. This collective must be selected from people drawn from neighbouring Sums. If found guilty by a majority of the collective the judge will administer punishment in keeping with existing decrees from the Khan. Should an individual wish to appeal the sentence they may do so should two Shaman support their appeal. All appeals shall be considered by the Khan and his ruling shall be final.

4. The Khan shall meet every summer with a council of his subjects at his Palace in Otgon Sum. The Khan shall send word to each Jereeb at least 60 days before the council is to meet. Each Jereeb is to oversee annually the selection of an individual to be picked by all male adults of a Sum. On the appointed date the Jereeb and appointed person are to attend the Council. Any Jereeb not attending without good reason shall forfeit their land and title.

5. The council shall follow an agenda that shall be as follows. First oaths of loyalty to the Khan will be heard, any individual not taking an oath shall be disqualified from the council and if a Jereeb held for treason. Once the oaths have been taken each member of the Council will be free to present a petition to the Khan, the petitions must have the signature of at least ten members of the Council and will be heard in order of number of signatures. Once petitions have been dealt with a period of no longer than two hours shall be put aside for members of the Council to respectfully ask questions of the Khan. On his honour the Khan shall take no action in retribution for words spoken during this time. Once questions have been answer the Khan shall present his tax agenda for the coming year. This shall be voted on by the Council. Any changes shall require a majority. Finally the Khan shall present the Council will a list of Government Ministers, Senior Military Officers and Provincial Administrators that need to be replaced. For each post he shall propose two candidates. These candidates may be questioned by the Council and then the Council shall vote for which they wish to fulfil the role. The Council shall then be addressed by the Khan before returning to their homes.

6. The Khan may not change the tax agenda between Councils.

7. The Khan may take not any horse without the agreement of its owner.

8. The Academy of the Khan shall be open to all boys who can pass the entrance exam set for their year.

9. Upon completion of Academy education an individual will be permitted to apply for any government job they are old enough or have enough previous service to be permitted to. The candidate with the highest Academy score will be given the job regardless of their families standing.

10. The Khan shall be permitted to maintain a standing army which shall be supported by all subjects.

11.  The Khan shall be free to make laws for the good order and stability of the Khanate so long as they do not change this Decree. Any changes to this Decree must be supported by a minimum of twenty Jereebs.


Since its passing there have been several changes to it.

1891 Amendment - 5. The council shall follow an agenda that shall be as follows. First oaths of loyalty to the Khan will be heard, any individual not taking an oath shall be disqualified from the council and if a Jereeb held for treason. Once the oaths have been taken each member of the Council will be free to present a petition to the Khan, the petitions must have the signature of at least ten members of the Council and will be heard in order of number of signatures. Once petitions have been dealt with a period of no longer than two hours shall be put aside for members of the Council to respectfully ask questions of the Khan. On his honour the Khan shall take no action in retribution for words spoken during this time. Once questions have been answer the Khan shall present his tax agenda for the coming year. This shall be voted on by the Council. Any changes shall require a majority. Finally the Khan shall present the Council will a list of Government Ministers, Senior Military Officers and Provincial Administrators that need to be replaced. For each post he shall propose two candidates. These candidates may be questioned by the Council and then the Council shall vote for which they wish to fulfil the role. The Council shall then be addressed by the Khan before returning to their homes.

1897 Amendment -  7. The Khan may not take any horse or livestock without the agreement of its owner.

1898 Amendment - 7. The Khan may not take any horse, livestock or land without the agreement of its owner.

1903 Amendment -  10. The Khan shall be permitted to maintain a standing army which shall be supported by all subjects. All men aged between 11 - 50 shall be liable to receive military training of no more than 10 weeks once during their life time.

1909 Amendment - 4. The Khan shall meet every summer with a council of his subjects at his Palace in Otgon Sum a designated place. The Khan shall send word to each Jereeb at least 60 days before the council is to meet. Each Jereeb is to oversee annually the selection of an individual to be picked by all male adults of a Sum. On the appointed date the Jereeb and appointed person are to attend the Council. Any Jereeb not attending without good reason shall forfeit their land and title.

1915 Amendment - 10. The Khan shall be permitted to maintain a standing army military which shall be supported by all subjects. All men aged between 14 - 50 shall be liable to receive military training of no more than 10 weeks once during their life time.

1918 Amendment -4.  The Khan shall meet every summer with a council of his subjects at a designated place. The Khan shall send word to each Jereeb at least 60 days before the council is to meet. Each Jereeb is to oversee annually the selection of an individual to be picked by all male adults of a Sum in a secret ballot. On the appointed date the Jereeb and appointed person are to attend the Council. Any Jereeb not attending without good reason shall forfeit their land and title. A Jereeb may if aware of an issue that would prevent their attendance send their eldest son if the Khan is informed three days before the Council.

1933 Amendment - 4. The Khan shall meet every six months with a council of his subjects at a designated place. The Khan shall send word to each Jereeb at least 30 days before the council is to meet. Each Jereeb is to oversee annually the selection of an individual to be picked by all male adults of a Sum in a secret ballot. On the appointed date the Jereeb and appointed person are to attend the Council. Any Jereeb not attending without good reason shall forfeit their land and title. A Jereeb may if aware of an issue that would prevent their attendance send their eldest son if the Khan is informed three days before the Council.

1934 Amendment -  5. The council shall follow an agenda that shall be as follows. First oaths of loyalty to the Khan will be heard, any individual not taking an oath shall be disqualified from the council and  held for treason. Once the oaths have been taken each member of the Council will be free to present a petition to the Khan, the petitions must have the signature of at least ten members of the Council and will be heard in order of number of signatures. Once petitions have been dealt with a period of no longer than two hours shall be put aside for members of the Council to respectfully ask questions of the Khan. On his honour the Khan shall take no action in retribution for words spoken during this time. During the Summer Council once questions have been answer the Khan shall present his tax agenda for the coming year. This shall be voted on by the Council. Any changes shall require a majority. Finally the Khan shall present the Council will a list of Government Ministers, Senior Military Officers and Provincial Administrators that need to be replaced. For each post he shall propose two candidates. These candidates may be questioned by the Council and then the Council shall vote for which they wish to fulfil the role. The Council shall then be addressed by the Khan before returning to their homes.

1937 Amendment - 3. No subject may be punished without first being given a trial. This trial must be overseen by an appointed judge from the Khan. A persons guilt will be determined by a collective of three Jereebs and three other subjects. This collective must be selected from people drawn from neighbouring Sums. If found guilty by a majority of the collective the judge will administer punishment in keeping with existing decrees from the Khan. Should an individual wish to appeal the verdict they may petition the Jereebs and if they can find six who believe they may have been found guilty in error a trial in front of three judges will be sanctioned. Any individual believing their sentence is unfair appeal should two Shaman support their appeal. All sentence appeals shall be considered by the Khan and his ruling shall be final.

1967 Amendment -

4. The Khan shall establish a permanent council of his subjects at a designated place. The Khan shall permit each Sum to have two representatives, one selected by the Jereeb and one elected by the people of a Sum annually by way of secret ballot. To aid in the establishment of this Council payments shall be made to those members of the Council in keeping with their status as Councillors to the Khan. A Sums Jereeb may change their selected representative with 10 days notice. An elected Councilman may only be replaced in the event of their death or if they have not attended Council for seven days. In these cases a new secret ballot must take place and they are disqualified from standing. The Councils calendar shall run 1st September to 1st of August giving the month of August for elections.

4b - The Khan shall not need to attend all Council meetings and may appoint a representative to speak on his behalf. On occasions when this happens that person shall be afforded the same respect and dignity as the Khan.

5. On the 1st September each year all Council members shall give oaths of loyalty to the Khan, any individual not taking an oath shall be disqualified from the council and held for treason. Any individual joining the Council part way through the year must take the oath on their first apperence in the Council. Council meetings shall always begin with any member of the Council will be free to present a petition to the Khan or his representative, the petitions must have the signature of at least ten members of the Council and will be heard in order of number of signatures. Once petitions have been dealt with a period of no longer than an hour shall be put aside for members of the Council to respectfully ask questions of the Khan or his representative. On his honour the Khan shall take no action in retribution for words spoken during this time. No changes to taxation may be made without the agreement of the Council.  Finally the Khan shall present the Council will a list of Government Ministers, Senior Military Officers and Provincial Administrators that need to be replaced. For each post he shall propose two candidates. These candidates may be questioned by the Council and then the Council shall vote for which they wish to fulfil the role. The Khan must attend the Council at least once every ten days.


1983 Amendment - 11.  The Khan shall be free to make laws for the good order and stability of the Khanate so long as they do not change this Decree. Any changes to this Decree must be supported by a majority of the Council.

2004 Amendment - 10. The Khan shall be permitted to maintain a standing  military which shall be supported by all subjects. All men aged between 18 - 40 shall receive military training of no more than 12 weeks once during their life time.

Quote from: Decree As it Stands Today

In order to create a land in which all people are able to witness the justice, mercy and love of the Khan the following orders are to be observed by all of his subjects.

1. The Khan is the true conduit between mankind and the Gods, in particular Ezen, the earth goddess

2. The Khan shall rule all the lands of Jargalant and be given the loyalty and respect of all his subjects. The Khan shall in return protect and guide all his subjects like a beloved child.

3. No subject may be punished without first being given a trial. This trial must be overseen by an appointed judge from the Khan. A persons guilt will be determined by a collective of three Jereebs and three other subjects. This collective must be selected from people drawn from neighbouring Sums. If found guilty by a majority of the collective the judge will administer punishment in keeping with existing decrees from the Khan. Should an individual wish to appeal the verdict they may petition the Jereebs and if they can find six who believe they may have been found guilty in error a trial in front of three judges will be sanctioned. Any individual believing their sentence is unfair appeal should two Shaman support their appeal. All sentence appeals shall be considered by the Khan and his ruling shall be final.

4a. The Khan shall establish a permanent council of his subjects at a designated place. The Khan shall permit each Sum to have two representatives, one selected by the Jereeb and one elected by the people of a Sum annually by way of secret ballot. To aid in the establishment of this Council payments shall be made to those members of the Council in keeping with their status as Councillors to the Khan. A Sums Jereeb may change their selected representative with 10 days notice. An elected Councilman may only be replaced in the event of their death or if they have not attended Council for seven days. In these cases a new secret ballot must take place and they are disqualified from standing. The Councils calendar shall run 1st September to 1st of August giving the month of August for elections.

4b - The Khan shall not need to attend all Council meetings and may appoint a representative to speak on his behalf. On occasions when this happens that person shall be afforded the same respect and dignity as the Khan.

5. On the 1st September each year all Council members shall give oaths of loyalty to the Khan, any individual not taking an oath shall be disqualified from the council and held for treason. Any individual joining the Council part way through the year must take the oath on their first apperence in the Council. Council meetings shall always begin with any member of the Council will be free to present a petition to the Khan or his representative, the petitions must have the signature of at least ten members of the Council and will be heard in order of number of signatures. Once petitions have been dealt with a period of no longer than an hour shall be put aside for members of the Council to respectfully ask questions of the Khan or his representative. On his honour the Khan shall take no action in retribution for words spoken during this time. No changes to taxation may be made without the agreement of the Council.  Finally the Khan shall present the Council will a list of Government Ministers, Senior Military Officers and Provincial Administrators that need to be replaced. For each post he shall propose two candidates. These candidates may be questioned by the Council and then the Council shall vote for which they wish to fulfil the role. The Khan must attend the Council at least once every ten days.

6. The Khan may not change the tax agenda between Councils.

7. The Khan may not take any horse, livestock or land without the agreement of its owner.

8. The Academy of the Khan shall be open to all boys who can pass the entrance exam set for their year.

9. Upon completion of Academy education an individual will be permitted to apply for any government job they are old enough or have enough previous service to be permitted to. The candidate with the highest Academy score will be given the job regardless of their families standing.

10. The Khan shall be permitted to maintain a standing  military which shall be supported by all subjects. All men aged between 18 - 40 shall receive military training of no more than 12 weeks once during their life time.

11.  The Khan shall be free to make laws for the good order and stability of the Khanate so long as they do not change this Decree. Any changes to this Decree must be supported by a majority of the Council.

Offline Jargalant (FKA Eskdale)

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Re: The Khanate of Jargalant
« Reply #2 on: August 15, 2023, 11:07:38 PM »


THE KHAN

The first person to be called Khan was Batzorig in 878. He had previously been using the title "Khan of Three Clans" before then but having brought all of the territory that makes up Jargalant under his control he assumed the title of just "Khan". Since then the title has passed down the male bloodline of his family with rules for inheritance being eldest male child capable of riding a horse with no saddle. Should the Khan's son(s) be unable to do this or he has none it then becomes "oldest brother capable of riding a horse with no saddle", then first cousins and then if none exist the husbands of any daughters, sisters, first cousins are utilised. This has happened several times during the history of the nation, the last being in 1892 when Khan Chono V died and had only a two year old son, no brothers and no male first cousins. As a result his sister husband became Khan.

The Khan has always utilised a crown made out of silver. It has on the front a portrait of the Goddess Ezen whom is responsible for the creation of the Universe and is said to have a special connection to the Khan. While the crown is worn only on special occasions a steel neck piece is worn more regularly. The Khan has lots of power and while some of these are laid out in the Decree of the Khan and Nom it is widely accepted that as the Decree states it is his duty to "protect and guide all his subjects like a beloved child" he is free to do as he wishes, however since 1967 the fact the Council, known as the Kurultai, became a permanent sitting body it gave them the power to block taxation and effectively hold the Khan hostage in terms of him being able to change laws and impose his will.

The Khan has several key responsibilities.

1. Create laws for the smooth running of the nation.
2. Appoint judges to oversee court cases.
3. Lead the military
4. Act as the final arbiter in cases where sentences are considered unjust.
5. Issue decrees to carry out executions.
6. Appoint and oversee Jereeb to oversee and maintain regions of the Khanate
7. Listen to and act upon petitions brought by the Kurultai.
8. Carry out all rituals as required by Shaman.
9. Create shortlists for the appointment of government ministers to be determined by the Kurultai.
10. Negotiate with foreign governments.




Khan Mönkhsaikhan II
RL-Amadu Mamadakov

The current Khan is Mönkhsaikhan II. His full name is Anchin Mönkhsaikhan Tamir. (In Jargalant culture names play significant roles in culture, his name translates as  Hunter (Achin) who is eternally handsome and kind (Mönkhsaikhan) and strong (Tamir).

He was born in 1976 as the second child of his father Sükhbaatar II and his first wife Altantuyaa. He has an elder sister and four half-siblings. He grew up attending the Academy of the Khan but was considered not that academic. He was a keen wrestler and weightlifter. He left the Academy at the age of 16 and his father sent him into the Mounted Pioneers, a group of young men who ride the steppe repairing water systems, maintaining remote barns and other seasonal farming structures as well as hunting predators to herds. He enjoyed this life and when at the age of 18 he could have joined the military he requested his father let him stay in the Pioneers as a "Bashi" which was a person responsible for the conduct and safety of 20 younger members. He did this work until 2001 when he undertook his mandatory time in the military where he served as in a Wolfhound Regiment. These Regiments were long range scouts that used light vehicles including motorbikes to scout for enemy positions and report back. He found this similar to his time in the pioneers and after completing the minimum term enlisted for a further two years.

After leaving the military he returned to the Pioneers as a logistics commander ensuring the teams of pioneers in the field received the materials they needed for things they found on their rides. In addition he sat several times in the Kurultai both as a Jereeb and then later as a representative of his father. He became Khan in 2019 after his father passed away from illness.

He is married to two wives.

Khatun Ankhtsetseg (first flower) - They were married in 1993 and have three children. Prince Aimshiggüi (fearless) Khüchitbaatar (powerful leader) who was born in 1997, Prince Khicheengüi (hard-working) Otgonbaatar (younger son) born in 1999  and Princess Azjargal (Happiness) born in 2002.

Khatun Tsaiglan (good hearted) - They were married in 2000 and have two children. Prince Tsagaan-arslan (white-lion) Saruulbuyan (Good luck) born in 2004 and Princess Uuriintuya (Morning light) who was born in 2007.